Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-16 of 16 items

  • Keywords: Algorithm x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

What Algorithms Want: Imagination in the Age of Computing

Ed Finn

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035927
eISBN:
9780262338837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035927.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This book explores the cultural figure of the algorithm as it operates through contemporary digital culture. Drawing on sources that range from Neal Stephenson’s Snow Crash to Diderot’s Encyclopédie, ... More


Linear Programming

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the third of five chapters on optimal programming (the typical mathematics of economics) and related issues as related to choice making. It discusses linear programming, which might appear to ... More


Big Data and Democracy

Kevin Macnish and Jai Galliott (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781474463522
eISBN:
9781474485012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474463522.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This edited collection tackles subjects that have arisen as a result of new capabilities to collect, analyse and use vast quantities of data using complex algorithms. Questions tackled include what ... More


An Overview of the RELIEF Algorithm and Advancements

Alexandre Todorov

in Statistical Approaches to Gene X Environment Interactions for Complex Phenotypes

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034685
eISBN:
9780262335522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034685.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The aim of the RELIEF algorithm is to filter out features (e.g., genes, environmental factors) that are relevant to a trait of interest, starting from a set of that may include thousands of ... More


Re:Enlightenment (Algorithmically Enhanced Systems)

Clifford Siskin

in System: The Shaping of Modern Knowledge

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035316
eISBN:
9780262336345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035316.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

To bring the story of system forward to the present, this Coda recounts the author’s involvement in an attempt to reshape knowledge called the Whole Enchilada group. Its work highlighted the ongoing ... More


What Is an Algorithm?

Ed Finn

in What Algorithms Want: Imagination in the Age of Computing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035927
eISBN:
9780262338837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035927.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This chapter defines the algorithm as a critical concept across four intellectual strands, beginning with its foundations in computer science and the notion of “effective computability.” The second ... More


Constructing Trees

Arthur Benjamin, Gary Chartrand, and Ping Zhang

in The Fascinating World of Graph Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175638
eISBN:
9781400852000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175638.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter considers a class of graphs called trees and their construction. Trees are connected graphs containing no cycles. When dealing with trees, a vertex of degree 1 is called a leaf rather ... More


Summary and areas for further research

Harry van der Hulst

in Asymmetries in Vowel Harmony: A Representational Account

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198813576
eISBN:
9780191851407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813576.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter summarizes the theory and the typology of the vowel harmony systems it predicts. The summary recaptures the simple idea that formed the beginning of the theory (including the use of ... More


The RcvP Model

Harry van der Hulst

in Asymmetries in Vowel Harmony: A Representational Account

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198813576
eISBN:
9780191851407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813576.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

The theory of phonological structure (called ‘Radical CV Phonology’) is first outlined in Chapter 2. This theory is a development of Dependency Phonology. The chapter introduces a theory of elements ... More


Historical Cryptosystems

Keith M. Martin

in Everyday Cryptography: Fundamental Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198788003
eISBN:
9780191829956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788003.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter presents several historical cryptosystems. These are all relatively simple, and none are fit for modern use. These cryptosystems serve to illustrate the basic model of a cryptosystem, as ... More


Introduction

A.C.C. Coolen, A. Annibale, and E.S. Roberts

in Generating Random Networks and Graphs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198709893
eISBN:
9780191780172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198709893.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This introductory chapter sets the scene for the material which follows by briefly introducing the study of networks and describing their wide scope of application. It discusses the role of ... More


Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Internal Energy Transfer Calculations Using Neural Network (NN) Methods

Lionel Raff, Ranga Komanduri, Martin Hagan, and Satish Bukkapatnam

in Neural Networks in Chemical Reaction Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199765652
eISBN:
9780197563113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199765652.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Genetic algorithms (GA), like NNs, can be used to fit highly nonlinear functional forms, such as empirical interatomic potentials from a large ensemble of data. Briefly, a genetic algorithm uses a ... More


Empirical Potential-Energy Surfaces Fitting Using Feed forward Neural Networks

Lionel Raff, Ranga Komanduri, Martin Hagan, and Satish Bukkapatnam

in Neural Networks in Chemical Reaction Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199765652
eISBN:
9780197563113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199765652.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

When the system of interest becomes too complex to permit the use of ab initio methods to obtain the system potential-energy surfaces (PES), empirical potential surfaces are frequently employed to ... More


Other Applications of Neural Networks to Quantum Mechanical Problems

Lionel Raff, Ranga Komanduri, Martin Hagan, and Satish Bukkapatnam

in Neural Networks in Chemical Reaction Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199765652
eISBN:
9780197563113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199765652.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The usual method for solving the vibrational Schrödinger equation to obtain molecular vibrational spectra and the associated wave functions generally involves the expansion of the vibrational wave ... More


Trust and Algorithmic Opacity

Steve McKinlay

in Big Data and Democracy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781474463522
eISBN:
9781474485012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474463522.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In this chapter, McKinlay argues that the use of big data algorithms introduces a key problem in terms of epistemic opacity. Opacity in various forms is an issue which many authors identify as posing ... More


Opacity, Big Data, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Democratic Processes

Ramón Alvarado

in Big Data and Democracy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781474463522
eISBN:
9781474485012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474463522.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Alvarado provides a detailed examination of different kinds of opacity in algorithms, raising the problems of “many hands” (where to attribute responsibility in complex systems), error assessment, ... More


View: