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Every Cheating Tradesman: The Political Economy of Natural Selection

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The records of Darwin's Beagle voyage reveal the connections he drew between natural, political and moral economies. He explicitly described his encounter with the natives of Tierra del Fuego in ... More


An Elusive Victorian: The Evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace

Martin Fichman

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226246130
eISBN:
9780226246154
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226246154.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Codiscoverer of the theory of evolution by natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace should be recognized as one of the titans of Victorian science. Instead he has long been relegated to a secondary ... More


Laying the Foundation

Carl N. Degler

in In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195077070
eISBN:
9780199853991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195077070.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace's thoughts about human nature. Wallace was known to share with Charles Darwin the credit for discovering natural selection as the motive ... More


Placing the Red Planet: Meanings in the Martian Landscape

in Geographies of Mars: Seeing and Knowing the Red Planet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226470788
eISBN:
9780226470795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226470795.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the cultural and intellectual meanings that Mars science carried at the turn of the century. It discusses the views of British and American intellectuals on Mars science, ... More


Introduction

in An Elusive Victorian: The Evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226246130
eISBN:
9780226246154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226246154.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book brings into focus one of the most innovative and controversial figures of the Victorian era, Alfred Russel Wallace, as his thought and career were interwoven with the scientific, ethical, ... More


Is Darwinism Sexist? (And if It Is, So What?) Is Darwinism Sexist? (And if It Is, So What?) Michael Ruse

Michael Ruse

in A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

A major complaint of critics, especially feminists, is that Darwinism is sexist. It is argued that this criticism is based on very selective reading of the texts, and that for every sexist Darwinian ... More


Geographies of Mars: Seeing and Knowing the Red Planet

K. Maria D. Lane

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226470788
eISBN:
9780226470795
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226470795.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

One of the first maps of Mars, published by an Italian astronomer in 1877, with its pattern of canals, fueled belief in intelligent life forms on the distant red planet—a hope that continued into the ... More


My Life As a Machine: Francis Galton, with Some Reflections on A. R. Wallace

George Levine

in Dying to Know: Scientific Epistemology and Narrative in Victorian England

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226475363
eISBN:
9780226475387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226475387.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines Alfred Russel Wallace's My Life and Francis Galton's Memories of My Life. My Life has many of the qualities of Charles Darwin's autobiography. Galton's narrative represents ... More


Sympathy Caught between Darwin and Eugenics

David M. Levy and Sandra J. Peart

in Sympathy: A History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199928873
eISBN:
9780190247195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928873.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sympathy became a central topic of post-Darwinian literature when Alfred Russel Wallace (1864) denied that “natural selection” applied to civilized humans. He suggested that humans are connected by ... More


Epilogue

in An Elusive Victorian: The Evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226246130
eISBN:
9780226246154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226246154.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The epilogue summarizes the book's discussions of Alfred Russel Wallace's life and controversial intellectual career. The guiding vision of Wallace's life was to link science and the broader culture ... More


The Post-Descent Years: Sexual Selection in Crisis, Female Choice at Large

Evelleen Richards

in Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226436906
eISBN:
9780226437064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437064.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 14 explores the response to the Descent through Darwin’s late Victorian readership, not simply his scientific readers, but the wider reading public who variously adopted, adapted, or rejected ... More


Atoning for the Sin of Speculation

Alistair Sponsel

in Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Darwin’s well-known authorial decisions before publishing Origin were attempts to correct mistakes in his earlier efforts to author theories. He persisted in feeling he had erred by revealing his ... More


Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection

Evelleen Richards

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226436906
eISBN:
9780226437064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437064.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book offers the first comprehensive history of the formulation of Darwin’s principle of sexual selection. It locates Darwin's sources and conceptual pathways in their social and cultural ... More


Writing the Descent: From Bird’s-Eye View to Masterful Breeder

Evelleen Richards

in Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226436906
eISBN:
9780226437064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437064.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 13 deals with Darwin’s final assembly of the components of sexual selection and human sexual and racial divergence into the Descent of Man. It is argued that the Descent was structured by ... More


Darwinism After Darwin

Michael Ruse

in The Problem of War: Darwinism, Christianity, and their Battle to Understand Human Conflict

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190867577
eISBN:
9780190867607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867577.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the forty-plus years, from the time of the Descent in 1871 to the time of the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, people influenced by or responding to Darwin’s thinking wrote extensively on ... More


Big Names

in Science for All: The Popularization of Science in Early Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226068633
eISBN:
9780226068664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226068664.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

No British scientist achieved an iconic status, but a few did become familiar to a significant proportion of the general public. Many elite scientists shunned publicity and distrusted those who ... More


Debates and Academics

Keith Thomson

in Private Doubt, Public Dilemma: Religion and Science since Jefferson and Darwin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300203677
eISBN:
9780300213409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300203677.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter considers the debates on Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. Darwin's theory was first introduced to the public at the Linnean Society of London in 1858, as part of a joint ... More


An Evolving Solar System

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Charles Darwin's argument that all living species are descended from common ancestors. Each organism inherits a mixture of characteristics from its parents together with a few ... More


Biogeography and Evolution in the Early Paleozoic

Richard A. Fortey

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter examines the distribution and evolution of marine life in the early Paleozoic. It discusses the pioneering work of Alfred Russel Wallace who recognized the differences in geographical ... More


‘The seal and servant of Christianity’: The Spiritualist Alternative

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter considers the emergence of the Spiritualist movement as an alternative defence of Christianity. The movement began in the United States and reached England in 1852. In its first two ... More


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