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Alfred Binet and the Measurement of Intelligence

Ann Jefferson

in Genius in France: An Idea and Its Uses

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160658
eISBN:
9781400852598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160658.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter discusses the measurement of genius in Alfred Binet's “measuring scale of intelligence,” which he devised and successively refined between 1905 and 1911 (the year he died). Here, the ... More


Your Ancients

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the historical roots of false-memory research. Although the systematic study of false memory in normal subjects is a comparatively recent phenomenon, the history of psychology ... More


The Measurement of Intelligence

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on attempts to measure intelligence during the late nineteenth century. Developments in the measurement of intelligence came at a time when researchers were seeking to ... More


“Amour expérimental”: Facts and Fetishes at the Musée Charcot

Andreas Mayer

in Sites of the Unconscious: Hypnosis and the Emergence of the Psychoanalytic Setting

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226057958
eISBN:
9780226058009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226058009.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The controversy between Jean-Martin Charcot's Paris school and Hippolyte Bernheim's Nancy school resulted in the dismissal of the facts of the former's grand hypnotisme as mere artifacts. Charcot ... More


Afterword

Michael E. Staub

in The Mismeasure of Minds: Debating Race and Intelligence between Brown and The Bell Curve

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469643595
eISBN:
9781469643618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643595.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

In 1905 French physiological psychologist Alfred Binet pioneered a “metrical scale of intelligence,” a practical and easily administered system for establishing a child’s capacity to perform complex ... More


The Sine Qua Non of Success

Michael E. Martinez

in Future Bright: A Transforming Vision of Human Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199781843
eISBN:
9780190256050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781843.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explains why intelligence is a crucial factor in success. More specifically, it explores the role of intelligence in human effectiveness in school, in the workplace, and in everyday ... More


Psychometrics and Psychological Tests

Steven J. Osterlind

in The Error of Truth: How History and Mathematics Came Together to Form Our Character and Shape Our Worldview

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831600
eISBN:
9780191869532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831600.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to describing the notables of psychometrics and psychological testing and how their efforts contributed to quantification. By this point, quantification is decidedly moving ... More


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