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Manifest Destinies

in The Passage to Cosmos: Alexander von Humboldt and the Shaping of America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226871820
eISBN:
9780226871844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871844.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter discusses the following: Humboldt's visit to the United States in 1804; his scientific work and publications while in Paris; his move to Berlin in early 1827, where he became the king's ... More


Confluences

in The Passage to Cosmos: Alexander von Humboldt and the Shaping of America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226871820
eISBN:
9780226871844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871844.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter begins with a discussion of how Humboldt became a cultural hero to both Latin and North Americans, from the masses to the intelligentsia, by showing them how to imagine themselves as ... More


Alexander Von Humboldt and Revolution: A Geography of Reception of the Varnhagen von Ense Correspondence

Rupke Nicolaas

in Geography and Revolution

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226487335
eISBN:
9780226487359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226487359.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) is not commonly depicted as a revolutionary—at least not in the Anglo-American literature on him. Some of his biographers may consider his contributions to plant ... More


Cosmos: The Universe Translated

Alison E. Martin

in Nature Translated: Alexander von Humboldt's Works in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474439329
eISBN:
9781474453844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439329.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter is devoted to Humboldt’s last, great work Cosmos. This multi-volume ‘Sketch of a Physical Description of the World’ ranged encyclopaedically from the darkest corners of space to the ... More


The Mountain as Object of Knowledge

Bernard Debarbieux, Gilles Rudaz, and Martin F. Price

in The Mountain: A Political History from the Enlightenment to the Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226031118
eISBN:
9780226031255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226031255.003.0002
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Chapter 1 introduces the scholarly modalities for constructing the category of the mountain in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and the paradigms that gradually became associated with it. It ... More


“All are alike designed for freedom”: Humboldt on Race and Slavery

in The Passage to Cosmos: Alexander von Humboldt and the Shaping of America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226871820
eISBN:
9780226871844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871844.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter considers Humboldt's views on race and slavery. Humboldt played a key role in American abolitionism or the trajectory of racial science. He was the only major scientist during the ... More


The Allure of Electric Fishes: Humboldt’s Obsession

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Alexander von Humboldt, a young German baron with training in the sciences, became an international celebrity in the opening decades of the 19th century as a result of his exciting and dangerous ... More


Passage to America, 1799–1804

in The Passage to Cosmos: Alexander von Humboldt and the Shaping of America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226871820
eISBN:
9780226871844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871844.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter details Humboldt's journey from Spain to America. Humboldt traveled not from country to country but through a planetary field of geological, historical, and environmental forces. His ... More


The Community of Cosmo

in The Passage to Cosmos: Alexander von Humboldt and the Shaping of America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226871820
eISBN:
9780226871844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871844.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter begins with a description of the work of Franz Boas, the German anthropologist who brought Humboldt's ideas back to the United States and used them to remake American anthropology, ... More


The Passage to Cosmos: Alexander von Humboldt and the Shaping of America

Laura Dassow Walls

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226871820
eISBN:
9780226871844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871844.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Explorer, scientist, writer, and humanist, Alexander von Humboldt was the most famous intellectual of the age that began with Napoleon and ended with Darwin. With Cosmos, the book that crowned his ... More


‘A Colossal Literary and Scientific Task’: Helen Maria Williams and the Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New Continent (1814–1829)

Alison E. Martin

in Nature Translated: Alexander von Humboldt's Works in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474439329
eISBN:
9781474453844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439329.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter concentrates on Helen Maria Williams, Paris salonnière, radical author and poet. Her translation of Humboldt’s weighty account of his voyage through the Americas with the French Botanist ... More


Epilogue: Recalling Cosmos

in The Passage to Cosmos: Alexander von Humboldt and the Shaping of America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226871820
eISBN:
9780226871844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871844.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Humboldt died peacefully at his Berlin home on 6 May 1859. The funeral was the largest and grandest Berlin had ever seen for a private citizen. Humboldt's family were followed by state and royal ... More


Political Essay on the Island of Cuba: A Critical Edition

Alexander von Humboldt

Vera M. Kutzinski and Ottmar Ette (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226465678
eISBN:
9780226465685
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226465685.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The research Alexander von Humboldt amassed during his five-year trek through the Americas in the early nineteenth century proved foundational to the fields of botany, geography, and geology. But his ... More


The Poetry of Geography: The Ansichten der Natur in English Translation

Alison E. Martin

in Nature Translated: Alexander von Humboldt's Works in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474439329
eISBN:
9781474453844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439329.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter discusses the salient differences between the two different contemporaneous versions of Humboldt’s Ansichten der Natur: Elizabeth Sabine’s Aspects of Nature (Longman, 1849) and Otté and ... More


Dispute and Dissociation: John Black’s Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain (1811)

Alison E. Martin

in Nature Translated: Alexander von Humboldt's Works in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474439329
eISBN:
9781474453844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439329.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines the first of Humboldt’s works to appear in English translation, John Black’s oft-maligned rendering of the Essai politique sur le royaume de la Nouvelle Espagne (1808-11) as the ... More


Intellectual and Religious Contexts of Nineteenth-Century America and the Transplantation of German Ideas

Annette G. Aubert

in The German Roots of Nineteenth-Century American Theology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199915323
eISBN:
9780199345540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915323.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter briefly addresses the influences of Scottish Common Sense Realism and Baconism on antebellum Protestant theology in the United States, and then proceeds to show links between the ... More


. The Geography of Nature: Humboldt

John G. T. Anderson

in Deep Things out of Darkness: A History of Natural History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520273764
eISBN:
9780520954458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273764.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

In which we follow Alexander von Humboldt and his friend Bonpland in their travels in northern South America along the upper reaches of the Amazon, into the high Andes, and north to Mexico and the ... More


Berlin and the Return Home

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter Nineteen traces Hodge’s final months in Europe, including the six months he spends in Berlin which he considers the highpoint of his trip. In Berlin he meets and befriends Ernst Hengstenberg ... More


Introduction

Alison E. Martin

in Nature Translated: Alexander von Humboldt's Works in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474439329
eISBN:
9781474453844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439329.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Straddling comparative literary and cultural studies and the history of science, this chapter insists on the importance of translation to the scientific culture of early- to mid-nineteenth-century ... More


Carl Friedrich Kielmeyer and “an Entirely New Epoch of Natural History”

John H. Zammito

in The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226520797
eISBN:
9780226520827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520827.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

German life science developed in the last decades of the eighteenth century via a research program pursuing “life forces” [Lebenskräfte]. It drew on Haller’s irritability and sensibility and on ... More


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