Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 28 items

  • Keywords: Alembert x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

o n e The Vis Viva Debate Kant's Starting Point

Martin Schönfeld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the context of Kant’s first and original puzzle: what actually is force? It is an account of the debate over kinetic energy (Leibniz’s “living force” or vis viva) and the ... More


The Realm of Reason

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

In the course of the eighteenth century, natural philosophy began to take on a new cultural standing, emerging as the paradigm bearer of, and the standard for, cognitive values. It was Fontenelle who ... More


The Fortunes of a Mechanical Model for Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

The basic assumption of ‘rational mechanics’ was that all natural philosophy was mechanics, and that, as mechanics was pursued with greater and greater detail and sophistication, the rest of natural ... More


Historical Understanding and the Human Condition

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

In a context in which traditional religious and humanistic assumptions about universal moral, social, and other values have come loose, the eighteenth‐century employment of developmental stages in ... More


Enlightenment Shadows

Genevieve Lloyd

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669561
eISBN:
9780191757013
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669561.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The idea of the Enlightenment has become a touchstone for emotional and often contradictory articulations of contemporary western values. Enlightenment Shadows is a study of the place of ... More


The Philosophes

Ernest Campbell Mossner

in The Life of David Hume

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243365
eISBN:
9780191697241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243365.003.0033
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

One of the first philosophes that David Hume met at Paris, the German-born Paul-Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach, was devoting all his efforts and his great wealth to the interests of the arts and ... More


Anglomania, Anglicisme, and the ‘British Model’

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter discusses British Deism, the rejection of republican radicalism, and the French anglicisme in the mid-18th century. Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Maupertuis, the giants among the French ... More


Locke among the ‘Philosophes’

John W. Yolton

in LOCKE AND FRENCH MATERIALISM

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242741
eISBN:
9780191680557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242741.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores some of the writings of the better-known French writers, many of whom were associated with Diderot and d'Alembert in the great Encyclopédie; others, such as La Mettrie and ... More


Effictions

Peter Szendy

in Phantom Limbs: On Musical Bodies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823267057
eISBN:
9780823272303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267057.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

A reading of some of Diderot’s texts (particularly Rameau’s Nephew) brings us to resume an old figure of rhetoric: effictio, in other words the description of a fictive body that still begins to ... More


Myth-making or Enlightenment?: Pascal, Voltaire, the Encyclopedia (1657–1777)

Maurice A. Finocchiaro

in Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242616
eISBN:
9780520941373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242616.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores a miscellany of texts and events that begin in the period 1657–1777. It investigates the reappearance of Blaise Pascal's comparison in the French Encyclopedia. Antoine Arnauld ... More


Boundary Layers

S. G. Rajeev

in Fluid Mechanics: A Geometrical Point of View

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805021
eISBN:
9780191843136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805021.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

It is found experimentally that all the components of fluid velocity (not just thenormal component) vanish at a wall. No matter how small the viscosity, the large velocity gradients near a wall ... More


Drama and Life

Angelica Goodden

in Rousseau's Hand: The Crafting of a Writer

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683833
eISBN:
9780191766190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683833.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, European Literature

This chapter details Rousseau's writing of and on drama, and dwells on the Lettre à d’Alembert's contrasting the effects of playgoing with the moral benefits of daily life in theatre-free, ... More


Coda: Newton and Mathematical Physics in France in the Twilight of the Sun King

J.B. Shank

in Before Voltaire: The French Origins of "Newtonian" Mechanics, 1680-1715

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226509297
eISBN:
9780226509327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509327.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This Coda closes the book by reflecting on the initial reception of Newton's Principia in France as it relates to the eruption after 1715 of the "Newton Wars," and the very different understanding of ... More


Bentham and Beccaria

H. L. A. Hart

in Essays on Bentham: Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254683
eISBN:
9780191681509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254683.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter attempts to assess Bentham's debt to a European thinker, Beccaria, whom Bentham admired as the first to distinguish clearly between the functions of Expositor and Censor. It provides ... More


Rousseau’s Counter-Enlightenment: Letter to d’Alembert on the Theater

Steven B. Smith

in Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Rousseau is the first writer to signal a radical discontent with the Enlightenment and its creation, the bourgeois. He conveys this critique most powerfully in his denunciation of modernity’s great ... More


‘Changing the Common Mode of Thinking’: d’Alembert and Diderot on the Encyclopedia

Genevieve Lloyd

in Enlightenment Shadows

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669561
eISBN:
9780191757013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669561.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The chapter opens with a discussion of metaphors of light and of motion in Bacon’s essay On Truth, leading into an examination of the tensions between timelessness and change in the Enlightenment ... More


Rationalism in the History of Mechanics

Olivier Darrigol

in Physics and Necessity: Rationalist Pursuits from the Cartesian Past to the Quantum Present

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198712886
eISBN:
9780191781360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712886.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter is a history of necessity arguments in classical mechanics, including the seventeenth-century opposition between Descartes’s rationalism and Newton’s empiricism, the rationalism of ... More


The Necessity of Classical Mechanics

Olivier Darrigol

in Physics and Necessity: Rationalist Pursuits from the Cartesian Past to the Quantum Present

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198712886
eISBN:
9780191781360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712886.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter combines some assumptions of the rationalist founders of mechanics (the impossibility of perpetual motion, the causal relation between force and motion, the relativity principle, and ... More


Coda: Instituting the French Enlightenment: Diderot and d'Alembert Encyclopédie

in The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Too many historians have recognized Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert's Encyclopédie as the defining text of the French Enlightenment. Just as many have argued that the project's initial ... More


Introduction

Jennifer Coopersmith

in The Lazy Universe: An Introduction to the Principle of Least Action

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198743040
eISBN:
9780191802966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743040.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The chapter explains how the Principle of Least Action yields a unique answer to a physical problem irrespective of the frame of reference. The motivation arises from d’Alembert’s rousing words: “To ... More


View: