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Uganda: Counterterrorism in Museveni’s Uganda

Emma Leonard Boyle

in Non-Western responses to terrorism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526105813
eISBN:
9781526135988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105813.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Ugandan security concerns throughout the Museveni era have centered round terrorism, both domestic and international. Internationally, there is evidence to suggest, Ugandan intelligence services ... More


Famine in Somalia: Competing Imperatives, Collective Failures, 2011–12

Daniel Maxwell and Nisar Majid (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190499389
eISBN:
9780190638559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190499389.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Some 250,000 people died in the southern Somalia famine of 2011–12, which also displaced and destroyed the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands more. Yet this crisis had been predicted in 2010. The ... More


War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Michael Keating and Matt Waldman (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

For the last thirty years Somalia has experienced violence and upheaval. Today, the international effort to help Somalis build a federal state and achieve stability is challenged by deep-rooted ... More


The Islamic Spring, Part 1: September 2015 By Ayman al-Zawahiri

Cerwyn Moore

Donald Holbrook (ed.)

in Al-Qaeda 2.0: A Critical Reader

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190856441
eISBN:
9780190942939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190856441.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

First instalment of a multipart series, which Zawahiri begins by mourning the death of the leader of Al-Shabaab, whose fealty he had accepted in 2012, and reaches out to affiliates, allies and ... More


Women in Al-Shabaab

Khadija and Stephen Harley

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the results of interviews with six women in Al-Shabaab who are or were married to Al-Shabaab fighters. These women lead a privileged existence both in terms of the quality of ... More


Somalia’s Southern War: The Fight Over Land and Labour

Catherine Besteman and Daniel Van Lehman

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the Al-Shabaab's policies and activities in the Jubba River Valley, based on research with 41 people who were either recently displaced from the Valley or have relatives living ... More


Motivations and Drivers of Al-Shabaab

Roland Marchal

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0027
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter considers the motivations and drivers of Al-Shabaab. Al-Shabaab has built itself on a clear agenda: ridding Somalia of foreign forces, portrayed as Christians, and implementing the ... More


Why They Fight and why They Quit: An Analysis of Interviews with Current and Former Al-Shabaab Fighters

Richard Barrett

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0028
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter considers the issue of why fighters join Al-Shabaab and why they quit, based on an analysis of over 100 interviews with individuals currently and previously in the group. It concludes ... More


Youth Radicalization: Causes, Consequences and Potential Solutions

Hussein Yusuf Ali

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0029
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Radicalization is undermining Somalia's peace, stability, and development prospects. Religious extremism has also become a major security concern for the region and for the world. This chapter ... More


Al-Shabaab’s Youth Recruitment Project

Mohamed Haji Abdullahi “Ingiriis”

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0030
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines the extent to which the push and pull factors of youth recruitment in Al-Shabaab have reinforced radicalization in Somalia. Whereas the push factors are facilitated by negative ... More


Rivals in Governance: Civil Activities of Al-Shabaab

Roland Marchal

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0031
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses what Al-Shabaab delivers in the areas it controls. It focuses on three main sectors: preaching and education, organizing civil society, and justice. Al-Shabaab uses religion to ... More


Can Al-Shabaab Deliver?: Reality and Rhetoric in the Struggle for Power

Richard Barrett

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0032
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter considers the origins of Al-Shabaab and the gap between its rhetoric and practice. Despite its globalist agenda, reinforced by its allegiance to Al-Qaida, Al-Shabaab is at its core an ... More


Is Anybody Listening?: Al-Shabaab’s Communications

Harrper Mary

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0033
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Since Al-Shabaab's inception more than a decade ago, communications have played a central role in its strategy. The group has stated that the ‘media battle’ is one of the most important elements of ... More


Anatomy of Counter-Jihad: Community Perspectives on Rehabilitation and Reconciliation

Stig Jarle Hansen and Linnéa Gelot

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0034
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter considers how Al-Shabaab messaging can be best countered, drawing on field research in Mogadishu and Baidoa, focusing on the area of Bay/Bakool. It shows that lack of security, ... More


Al-Qaida and Al-Shabaab: A Resilient Alliance

Tricia Bacon and Daisy Muibu

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0035
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter focuses on the alliance between Al-Qaida and Al-Shabaab. Although cooperation between the groups is limited and irregular, the relationship has proven durable despite the loss of leaders ... More


Al-Shabaab as a Transnational Security Threat

Sahan Africa

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0036
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter considers the threat posed by Al-Shabaab both in Somalia and to the Horn of Africa. Al-Shabaab is a composite insurgency, which has exploited local grievances by aligning itself with ... More


Foreign Fighter Influence in Al-Shabaab: Limitations and Future Prospects

Tricia Bacon and Daisy Muibu

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0037
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines foreign fighter influence in Al-Shabaab. The role and influence of foreign fighters in Al-Shabaab have varied over time. In the early years, there were numerous reports ... More


Travelling for an Idea: The Appeal of Al-Shabaab to Diaspora in the West

Johusa Meservey

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0038
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter considers Al-Shabaab's Western foreign fighters. Members of the Somali diaspora in the West were the major source of Al-Shabaab's Western foreign fighters. Previously, a considerable ... More


Negotiations with Al-Shabaab: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects

Harmonie Toros and Stephen Harley

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0039
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines the potential for talks with Al-Shabaab, identifies potential facilitators and spoilers, and highlights lessons to be learned from past dialogues with Al-Shabaab. Three main ... More


Community Perspectives Towards Al-Shabaab: Sources of Support and the Potential for Negotiations

Joanne Crouch and Abdi Ali

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0040
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the results of key interviews with Somalis regarding their perceptions about Al-Shabaab. Respondents expressed concerns about Al-Shabaab's indiscriminate and excessive use of ... More


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