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International Society and America's War on Terrorism

Jason Ralph

in Defending the Society of States: Why America Opposes the International Criminal Court and its Vision of World Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214310
eISBN:
9780191706615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214310.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The evidence presented in previous chapters contributes to the general argument that the US defends the idea of a society of states because it is in the kind of society that America can preserve a ... More


Violence, Order, and Terror

Richard Devetak

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In his chapter on the rise of terrorism, the author points to two principal challenges to international society: first, terrorism challenges the state's monopoly of legitimate violence (which is also ... More


Conclusion: Humanitarian Intervention after 11 September

Jennifer M. Welsh

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter assesses the debate over humanitarian intervention in the light of the events of September 11, 2001. On the one hand, it can be argued that 9/11 has reversed the momentum ... More


Sometimes, a War Saves People

Jose Ramos-Horta

in A Matter of Principle: Humanitarian Arguments for War in Iraq

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520244863
eISBN:
9780520932166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244863.003.0020
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

No matter how the retreating governments try to spin it, every time a country pulls out of Iraq, it is Al Qaeda and other extremists who win. Saddam Hussein's overthrow offers a chance to build a new ... More


The Petroleum Triangle: Oil, Globalization, and Terror

Steve A. Yetiv

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450020
eISBN:
9780801463396
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450020.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This book tells the interconnected story of oil, globalization, and terrorism. It asks how Al-Qaeda, a small band of terrorists, became such a real and perceived threat to American and global ... More


The Sources of Conflict between Groups and Primary Examples

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter identifies the major sources and some properties of group conflict as a background to later chapters. Topics covered include the material sources of conflict, the psychological bases of ... More


Jihadist Globalism versus Imperial Globalism: The Great Ideological Struggle of the Twenty-First Century?

Manfred B. Steger

in The Rise of the Global Imaginary: Political Ideologies from the French Revolution to the Global War on Terror

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199286942
eISBN:
9780191700408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286942.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Although justice globalists made up the vast majority of those millions who protested worldwide against corporate-led globalisation, they were not the only political camp opposed to it. As the ... More


The Dependence of Policy Outcomes on Processes of Choice

Philip B. Heymann

in Living the Policy Process

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335385
eISBN:
9780199851690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335385.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The case of defining torture in the “War on Terror”, the political processes chosen, and the people chosen to carry them out, produces results that nobody wants while targeting outcomes that only a ... More


Iran's Regional Policies Since the End of the Cold War

Anoushiravan Ehteshami

in Contemporary Iran: Economy, Society, Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378481
eISBN:
9780199852345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378481.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter deals with decision making in Iranian foreign policy. It argues that both domestic and regional changes have combined to make of Iran an exceptional case study of how an Islamic ... More


Introduction: Liberalism, Human Rights, Terrorism and Neo-Conservatism

Tom Farer

in Confronting Global Terrorism and American Neo-Conservatism: The Framework of a Liberal Grand Strategy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534722
eISBN:
9780191715891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534722.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the war on terrorism and how it managed to link a cluster of policy issues that were previously more loosely connected. The proper definition of ... More


Us versus Them: "The United States, Radical Islam, and the Rise of the Green Threat"

Douglas Little

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626802
eISBN:
9781469628042
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626802.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

“Us Versus Them” explores the political and cultural turmoil that prompted U.S. policymakers to shift their attention from containing the “Red Threat” of international communism to combatting the ... More


The Construction of Al Qaeda and Iraq as Linked Antagonists

Adam Hodges

in The “War on Terror” Narrative: Discourse and Intertextuality in the Construction and Contestation of Sociopolitical Reality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199759590
eISBN:
9780199895335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759590.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Central to any narrative are the principal characters, and this chapter uses data from presidential speeches to illustrate the way two disparate enemies of the United States—Iraq and Al Qaeda—are ... More


Legal Crisis Management: Lawfulness and Legitimacy of the Use of Force

Hanspeter Neuhold

in From Bilateralism to Community Interest: Essays in Honour of Bruno Simma

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199588817
eISBN:
9780191725272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588817.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

When governments consider the use of force in a crisis their decision will be determined by the perceived necessity to protect the supreme values and interests of their State and the international ... More


Counter-Terrorism

Ian Johnstone

in The Power of Deliberation: International Law, Politics and Organizations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195394931
eISBN:
9780199894543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394931.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The legal and institutional framework for counter-terrorism has evolved in recent years, accelerated by the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Combined with concerns about weapons of mass ... More


South Africa: Understanding South Africa’s confused and ineffective response to terrorism

Hussein Solomon

in Non-Western responses to terrorism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526105813
eISBN:
9781526135988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105813.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter explores why the South African government’s responses to terrorism are confused and ineffective. A significant contributing factor is that the African National Congress (ANC), which has ... More


Guantánamo: Pushed to the Breaking Point

Laurel E. Fletcher

in The Guantánamo Effect: Exposing the Consequences of U.S. Detention and Interrogation Practices

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520261761
eISBN:
9780520945227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261761.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Detainees encountered a hive of activity when they arrived inside the U.S. naval base in Guantánamo Bay. Responsibility for camp operations and interrogations was split between two units. Brigadier ... More


Conclusions and Recommendations

Laurel E. Fletcher

in The Guantánamo Effect: Exposing the Consequences of U.S. Detention and Interrogation Practices

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520261761
eISBN:
9780520945227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261761.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Many of the interrogation methods for the suspected members of the Taliban and Al Qaeda appear to have violated international and domestic prohibitions on torture or other cruel, inhuman, or ... More


Al-Qaeda 2.0: A Critical Reader

Donald Holbrook

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190856441
eISBN:
9780190942939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190856441.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

On 16 June 2011, three days before his sixtieth birthday, Ayman al-Zawahiri was declared the new leader of Al-Qaeda, replacing the fallen Osama bin Laden. The veteran Egyptian jihadist had little of ... More


Rules for Rebels: The Science of Victory in Militant History

Max Abrahms

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198811558
eISBN:
9780191848438
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811558.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Imagine you’re the leader of a militant group. Your enemy is a government far stronger than your crew. How can you beat the odds and achieve your political goals? For over a decade, the author has ... More


Jihadism Transformed: Al-Qaeda and Islamic State's Global Battle of Ideas

Simon Staffell and Akil Awan (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190650292
eISBN:
9780190686499
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190650292.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Jihadist narratives have evolved dramatically over the past five years, driven by momentous events in the Middle East and beyond; the death of bin Laden; the rise and ultimate failure of the Arab ... More


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