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Human Rights Considerations and the Enforcement of Targeted Sanctions in Europe: The Emergence of Core Standards of Judicial Protection

Erika de Wet

in Securing Human Rights?: Achievements and Challenges of the UN Security Council

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199641499
eISBN:
9780191732218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641499.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter analyses decisions of European courts pertaining to the targeted sanctions provided for in Security Council Resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1373 (2001). The focuses of attention are the Kadi ... More


Al-Qaida and Al-Shabaab: A Resilient Alliance

Tricia Bacon and Daisy Muibu

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0035
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter focuses on the alliance between Al-Qaida and Al-Shabaab. Although cooperation between the groups is limited and irregular, the relationship has proven durable despite the loss of leaders ... More


From Afghanistan to Europe

Petter Nesser

in Islamist Terrorism in Europe: A History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190264024
eISBN:
9780190638566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264024.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The chapter traces the origins of Europe’s jihadi networks to the Afghan-Arab foreign fighter movement of the 1980s. It addresses individuals, groups, networks, radical mosques and training camps, ... More


Towards Global Jihad in Europe (2000–3)

Petter Nesser

in Islamist Terrorism in Europe: A History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190264024
eISBN:
9780190638566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264024.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The chapter examines several terrorist plots in 2000-3 which had dual ties, to al-Qaida in Afghanistan and to terrorist groups in the Middle East and North Africa. The cells discussed, which were ... More


The Pakistan Axis (2004–6)

Petter Nesser

in Islamist Terrorism in Europe: A History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190264024
eISBN:
9780190638566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264024.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The chapter explores three Pakistani-based terrorist cells in the UK in 2004-6. These cells represented a new pattern, as people of Pakistani origin had rarely been involved in terrorist plots in ... More


Non-Traditional Models of Armed Conflict

Noam Lubell

in Extraterritorial Use of Force Against Non-State Actors

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199584840
eISBN:
9780191594540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584840.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the question of whether the reference to a transnational ‘war on terror’ is merely rhetoric or in fact covers a situation which can be defined as armed conflict. This is ... More


The First Year of the Islamic State

Haroro Ingram, Craig Whiteside, and Charlie Winter

in The ISIS Reader: Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197501436
eISBN:
9780197520789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197501436.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter presents four announcements from the pivotal first year of the newly formed Islamic State of Iraq, and a fifth from 2011 that looks back at these momentous events. The first source is a ... More


The Ideological Drivers of Submerged Statehood in the Afterlife of The Hijaz

Malik R. Dahlan

in The Hijaz: The First Islamic State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190909727
eISBN:
9780190943226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909727.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This Chapter focuses on the idea of positive vs. negative space in ideology and religion. It discusses Islamic revivalism and Wahhabism in detail in the context of statehood. discuss the fragility of ... More


Security Council Targeted Sanctions and Human Rights

Annalisa Ciampi

in Securing Human Rights?: Achievements and Challenges of the UN Security Council

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199641499
eISBN:
9780191732218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641499.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter addresses a practice of the Security Council which has been sharply criticized because of its negative effects on human rights — ‘targeted sanctions’ imposed on individuals in the form ... More


Saudi Arabia: Islam and Saudi Arabia’s counterterrorism strategy

Roel Meijer

in Non-Western responses to terrorism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526105813
eISBN:
9781526135988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105813.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Saudi Arabia’s counter-terrorism strategy of the first decade on the twenty first century has been widely acclaimed as highly successful and presented as an example for other Muslim countries. The ... More


Allah Debated: Practice of the Ear

Bruce B. Lawrence

in Who Is Allah?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620039
eISBN:
9781469623276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620039.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter studies the role of violence in Islam. Allah is no more violent than Yahweh of the Hebrew Bible or less loving than the Triune God—the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—of the New Testament. ... More


Iran’s Nuclear Saga; And Iraq Averts an Inter-Sectarian War

Dilip Hiro

in Cold War in the Islamic World: Saudi Arabia, Iran and the Struggle for Supremacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190944650
eISBN:
9780190055905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944650.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

Alarmed by the news in August 2002 that Iran was hiding a uranium enrichment facility from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Riyadh strengthened its ties with Pakistan, a declared ... More


Islamist Terrorism in Europe: A History

Petter Nesser

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190264024
eISBN:
9780190638566
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264024.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The book provides a comprehensive account of Islamist terrorism in Europe from 1994 until 2015, and a detailed background for understanding the current and future threat. In contrast to existing ... More


Finding Their Place: Libya’s Islamists During and After the Revolution

Mary Fitzgerald

in The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190210960
eISBN:
9780190492151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210960.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter describes the evolution of Islamist groups in Libya, including the Muslim Brotherhood, Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, the spectrum of Salafist groups, al-Qaida and jihadist networks, and ... More


The Challenge of Armed Islamism

Laurent Bonnefoy

in Yemen and the World: Beyond Insecurity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190922597
eISBN:
9780190943295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190922597.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

The issue of armed Islamism, embodied in Yemen by al-Qaida, since the late 1990s, has structured much of the interactions between this country and the world. The threat of so-called jihadi movements ... More


Tribes in Iraq: A Negligible Factor in State Formation

Ronen Zeidel

in Tribes and States in a Changing Middle East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190264925
eISBN:
9780190638573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264925.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

The American invasion of 2003 brought about some dramatic changes in the history of Iraq. One of the greatest changes was the shrinking of the state to dimensions resembling its earliest years, ... More


Introduction

Theodore Vial

in Modern Religion, Modern Race

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190212551
eISBN:
9780190212575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212551.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

By looking at recent examples in the news (Charlie Hebdo, Michael Brown, for example), examples from the academic study of religion, and personal examples, the introduction makes the case that ... More


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