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Model Identification from Many Candidates

Mark L. Taper

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Model identification is a necessary component of modern science. Model misspecification is a major, if not the dominant, source of error in the quantification of most scientific evidence. Hypothesis ... More


Why Likelihood?

Malcolm Forster and Elliott Sober

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The likelihood principle has been defended on Bayesian grounds, with proponents insisting that it coincides with and systematizes intuitive judgments about example problems, and that it generalizes ... More


Model Selection

Masashi Sugiyama and Motoaki Kawanabe

in Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments: Introduction to Covariate Shift Adaptation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262017091
eISBN:
9780262301220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017091.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter addresses the problem of model selection. The success of machine learning techniques depends heavily on the choice of hyperparameters such as basis functions, the kernel bandwidth, the ... More


Maximum likelihood methods

Ziheng Yang

in Molecular Evolution: A Statistical Approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199602605
eISBN:
9780191782251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602605.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the pruning algorithm for calculating the likelihood on a tree, as well as extensions under complex substitution models, including the gamma and covarion models of rate ... More


Post-analysis Procedures

Joseph A. Veech

in Habitat Ecology and Analysis

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198829287
eISBN:
9780191868078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829287.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

There are several additional statistical procedures that can be conducted after a habitat analysis. The statistical model produced by a habitat analysis can be assessed for fit to the data. Model fit ... More


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