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What Is Welfare?

Jill Duerr Berrick

in Faces of Poverty: Portraits of Women and Children on Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195113754
eISBN:
9780199893546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113754.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter discusses welfare. Topics covered include the development of welfare, welfare as intended versus welfare in practice, myths and realities about welfare. The chapter then discusses the ... More


Sandy: Working but Poor

Jill Duerr Berrick

in Faces of Poverty: Portraits of Women and Children on Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195113754
eISBN:
9780199893546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113754.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter tells the story of Sandy, a 24-year-old single mother of a five-year old. She is still recuperating from her time on AFDC, and her financial reserves are low. Sandy used AFDC for about ... More


Family Allowances and Poverty Among Lone Mother Families in the United States

Cecilia A. Conrad

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0027
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the relationship between income support policies and poverty among lone mother families in the United States relative to Canada and Western Europe. It simulates the effect on ... More


Turning Our Backs on the New Deal: The End of Welfare in 1996

Jeffrey Lehman and Sheldon Danziger

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0029
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA), characterized as a regressive step that compromises the basic right of a safety net ... More


. Rebuilding the Welfare State: Forging a New Deal for Working Families

Ellen Reese

in Backlash against Welfare Mothers: Past and Present

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520244610
eISBN:
9780520938717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244610.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter addresses future prospects for improving poor mothers’ welfare rights. It argues that to counter the current backlash against welfare mothers, politicians and activists need to offer a ... More


The Minnesota Twins

Tinsley E. Yarbrough

in Harry A. Blackmun: The Outsider Justice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195141238
eISBN:
9780199851577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141238.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Blackmun knew that humility was a fundamental requirement for those who possessed high office, and he was also well aware of some aspects of Warren Burger's personality that may seem unappealing and ... More


The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program

Robert A. Moffitt

in Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226533568
eISBN:
9780226533575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program was created by legislation passed by the U.S. Congress and signed by the president in 1996. The Personal Responsibility and Work ... More


Where Should Teen Mothers Live? What Should We Do About It?

Harold Pollack

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter analyzes several outcomes associated with teen mothers' residential choices. It investigates whether public assistance programs, such as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), ... More


Poverty, Punishment, and Public Assistance: Reorienting Foster Family Care

Catherine E. Rymph

in Raising Government Children: A History of Foster Care and the American Welfare State

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635644
eISBN:
9781469635651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635644.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores policy changes in the 1960s that for the first time allowed federal funds to be spent on board payments but which also made foster care a more punitive system, now firmly linked ... More


. Setting the Stage: The Failures of Liberal Innovation

Ellen Reese

in Backlash against Welfare Mothers: Past and Present

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520244610
eISBN:
9780520938717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244610.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter examines the political struggles over welfare, leading to several failed attempts to replace Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with a guaranteed income program in the 1960s ... More


Dropping Dead: Teachers, the New York City Fiscal Crisis, and Austerity

Jon Shelton

in Teacher Strike!: Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040870
eISBN:
9780252099373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040870.003.0005
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter documents the New York City fiscal crisis of 1975. The city’s drastic position had been caused by its robust promise of social welfare state coupled with national economic downturn and ... More


Post-1996 Developments: A Brief Postscript

Edward D. Berkowitz and Larry DeWitt

in The Other Welfare: Supplemental Security Income and U.S. Social Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451737
eISBN:
9780801467332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451737.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses the 1996 reform on the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program. The 1996 law tightened the requirements for disabled children who applied to the program, ... More


. The Rise of the Republican Right and the New Democrats

Ellen Reese

in Backlash against Welfare Mothers: Past and Present

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520244610
eISBN:
9780520938717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244610.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter examines the rise of the Republican Right and the New Democrats in the 1980s and 1990s. It argues that many corporate leaders became mobilized around a highly conservative domestic ... More


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