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Americanization: Ideology or Process? The Case of the United States Technical Assistance and Productivity Programme

Jacqueline McGlade

in Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-war Europe and Japan

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269044
eISBN:
9780191717123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269044.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter examines the New Left argument that the Marshall Plan evolved out of the corporatist framework of American foreign economic policy-making set before the Second World War. It also ... More


Mass Production or ‘Organized Craftsmanship’? The Post-War Italian Automobile Industry

Duccio Bigazzi

in Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-war Europe and Japan

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269044
eISBN:
9780191717123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269044.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

In 1945, the Italian industrial sector was well prepared to measure itself against the American model. In the engineering sector, direct contacts between technical experts on the two sides were ... More


Unifying Pension Schemes in Japan: Toward a Single Scheme for Both Civil Servants and Private Employees

Junichi Sakamoto

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

A topic of long-standing discussion in Japan has been how to equitably merge the retirement plans for civil servants and private employees, which in the past have been managed separately. Recent ... More


A New Deal for the Alien

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on the Social Security Act and the disparate treatment of blacks, Mexicans, and European immigrants in the administration of Social Security, Unemployment Insurance, Aid to ... More


“The Best Type of Chinese”: Aid Refugee Chinese Intellectuals and Symbolic Refugee Relief, 1952–1960

Madeline Y. Hsu

in The Good Immigrants: How the Yellow Peril Became the Model Minority

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164021
eISBN:
9781400866373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164021.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter looks at the enactment of political agendas under the guise of humanitarian outreach through the operations of the CIA-funded Aid Refugee Chinese Intellectuals, Inc. (ARCI). This ... More


Financial Aid Policy

Robert B. Archibald and David H. Feldman

in Why Does College Cost So Much?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744503
eISBN:
9780199866168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744503.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Despite ample evidence that changes in net tuition do affect the college going decisions of students, there is scant evidence that increases in federal need-based financial aid actually have ... More


Islamic Charities and Islamic Humanism in Troubled Times

Jonathan Benthall

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781784993085
eISBN:
9781526124005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784993085.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This book is the fruit of twenty years’ reflection on Islamic charities, both in practical terms and as a key to understand the crisis in contemporary Islam. On the one hand Islam is undervalued as a ... More


China's Expanding Role in Africa and Implications for the EU

Roland Vogt (ed.)

in Europe and China: Strategic Partners or Rivals?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083879
eISBN:
9789882209077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083879.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

China's growing presence in Africa has been a cause for concern in European capitals. While China's expansion into Africa is driven by its demand for resources, diplomatic considerations, and a ... More


Aid Under Fire: Nation Building and the Vietnam War

Jessica Elkind

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813165837
eISBN:
9780813167183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165837.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

Aid Under Fire explores American nation building and modernization efforts in South Vietnam during the decade leading up to the full-scale ground war.Beginning in the mid-1950s, American nation ... More


The Development Dance: How Donors and Recipients Negotiate the Delivery of Foreign Aid

Haley J. Swedlund

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501712876
eISBN:
9781501709784
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501712876.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Development Dance is about how donor countries and recipient governments negotiate the delivery of foreign aid. The book provides a conceptual framework for understanding donor-government ... More


Conclusion: Toward Progressive Women's Communities

Elizabeth Hayes Turner

in Women, Culture, and Community: Religion and Reform in Galveston, 1880–1920

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195086881
eISBN:
9780199854578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195086881.003.0012
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter shows how the progressive women's communities emerged during the Progressive Era. Galveston supplied an environment conducive to middle and upper-class women's advancement from ... More


Child Protection From the Colonial Period to 1875

John E. B. Myers

in Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195169355
eISBN:
9780199893348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169355.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter describes the era before organized child protection, which began in 1875. Prior to that date, many abused and neglected children went without protection, although there was never a time ... More


What Is Welfare?

Jill Duerr Berrick

in Faces of Poverty: Portraits of Women and Children on Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195113754
eISBN:
9780199893546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113754.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter discusses welfare. Topics covered include the development of welfare, welfare as intended versus welfare in practice, myths and realities about welfare. The chapter then discusses the ... More


Sandy: Working but Poor

Jill Duerr Berrick

in Faces of Poverty: Portraits of Women and Children on Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195113754
eISBN:
9780199893546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113754.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter tells the story of Sandy, a 24-year-old single mother of a five-year old. She is still recuperating from her time on AFDC, and her financial reserves are low. Sandy used AFDC for about ... More


Western Perspectives on Democracy in Central Asia

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Discussed in this chapter are US and EU views on democracy and international democratization, as well as normative and instrumental beliefs about the benefits and intrinsic merits of democracy as a ... More


‘To Fight The Class Struggle With The Bourgeois Courts With All Acridity’: the Communist Party Legal Organization

Grunwald Henning

in Courtroom to Revolutionary Stage: Performance and Ideology in Weimar Political Trials

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609048
eISBN:
9780191744280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609048.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The chapter is a history of the Communist Party legal organization, which funded, administered, and publicized tens of thousands of political trials. Despite their professions of ideological ... More


The Compliment of Imitation: The Rise of National-Socialist Legal Organizations

Grunwald Henning

in Courtroom to Revolutionary Stage: Performance and Ideology in Weimar Political Trials

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609048
eISBN:
9780191744280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609048.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Even though the Communist Party legal organization attracted the wrath of its political opponents, these same opponents also grudgingly admired its success. Nationalist attempts at imitating it are ... More


The End (1991–1994)

Adams Adrian and So Jaabe

in A Claim to Land by the River: A Household in Senegal, 1720-1994

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201915
eISBN:
9780191675072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201915.003.0012
Subject:
History, World Modern History

An enquiry into the irrigated, rain-fed, and flood-recession farming done by men and women members of the Kunjani group in 1991 to 1992, and the grain crops harvested by all Kunjani households that ... More


Cuban Cigar Makers in Havana, Key West, and Ybor City, 1850s–1890s: A Single Universe?

Evan Matthew Daniel

in In Defiance of Boundaries: Anarchism in Latin American History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061108
eISBN:
9780813051383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061108.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter underscores both the unity and diversity of the various nodes that made up the transnational network of tobacco workers and anarchist activists in Cuba and Florida in the second half of ... More


Buying Influence: The Strings Attached to Chinese “Aid”

Daniel C. O'Neill

in Dividing ASEAN and Conquering the South China Sea: China's Financial Power Projection

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9789888455966
eISBN:
9789888455461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888455966.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses how China converts its financial power into influence abroad. It argues that the provision of aid, loans, and foreign direct investment is a key tool China uses to project its ... More


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