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The Active Leverage of the European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter presents a theoretical framework for the EU’s active leverage, defined as the EU’s deliberate efforts to promote reform in candidate states moving towards EU membership. Active leverage ... More


Setting the Limits: CAP Reform and WTO Farm Trade Rules

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 7 shows how CAP reform, whilst driven by WTO concerns, feeds back into the WTO negotiations, setting limits to what can be agreed, but also providing enhanced opportunities for agreement. ... More


An Inside View of the CAP Reform Process: Explaining the MacSharry, Agenda 2000, and Fischler Reforms

Arlindo Cunha and Alan Swinbank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199591572
eISBN:
9780191725579
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591572.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

From the outset, the European Union's common agricultural policy (CAP) was subject to scathingly criticism. Despite this, no substantial reform was undertaken until 1992. Then, in little more than a ... More


After the Cold War: The Age of ‘Soft Power’

David Ellwood

in The Shock of America: Europe and the Challenge of the Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198228790
eISBN:
9780191741739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228790.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History, American History: 20th Century

The chapter provides an overview of European responses to the surging economy, cultural inventiveness, and self-confidence of post Cold War America. It suggests that from this perspective, strong ... More


Epilogue: The End of the ‘American Century’?

David Ellwood

in The Shock of America: Europe and the Challenge of the Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198228790
eISBN:
9780191741739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228790.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks at the decade of the 2000s: from 9/11 to the triumph of Obama, from the Iraq war to the financial crisis of 2008; the fall from grace of America's models of modernity (except ... More


The Globalization of Mountain Issues

Bernard Debarbieux, Gilles Rudaz, and Martin F. Price

in The Mountain: A Political History from the Enlightenment to the Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226031118
eISBN:
9780226031255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226031255.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Globalization is part of a contemporary trend toward adopting a planetary scale as a means of emancipation from a primarily national representation of issues. Chapter 8 focuses on how mountains came ... More


Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals: ‘Responsive, Inclusive, Participatory and Representative Decision-Making’?

Tonia Novitz and Margherita Pieraccini

in Legal Perspectives on Sustainability

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529201000
eISBN:
9781529201048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529201000.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter focuses on the contemporary framing of sustainability in the context of the adoption of Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In this setting, we consider the ... More


Trading Copyright: Global Pressure on Local Culture

Michael D. Birnhack

in The Development Agenda: Global Intellectual Property and Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342109
eISBN:
9780199866823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342109.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The meeting point of global Intellectual Property (IP) norms and local culture produces an unsettled process of globalization. The global and the local might merge, but they often conflict, and their ... More


Intellectual Property and Development as Freedom

Madhavi Sunder

in The Development Agenda: Global Intellectual Property and Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342109
eISBN:
9780199866823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342109.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Since 1990, the United Nations has understood development in the broad terms of expanding human capabilities, thanks in part to Amartya Sen. Sen's vision of “development as freedom” is pluralist, ... More


TRIPS 3.0: Policy Calibration and Innovation Displacement

Daniel J. Gervais

in The Development Agenda: Global Intellectual Property and Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342109
eISBN:
9780199866823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342109.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The TRIPS Agreement is entering its third phase. Phase I began with a well-documented push by the United States government to link intellectual property and trade rules in the World Trade ... More


The Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries: The Relevance of the World Intellectual Property Organization

Carolyn Deere

in The Development Agenda: Global Intellectual Property and Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342109
eISBN:
9780199866823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342109.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Many of the WIPO Development Agenda recommendations have implications for IP decision-making at the national level. Indeed, some recommendations specifically call for national improvements and ... More


Reproductive Rites and Wrongs: Lessons from American Indian Religious Traditions, Historical Experience, and Contemporary Life

MARY C. CHURCHILL

in Sacred Rights: The Case for Contraception and Abortion in World Religions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195160017
eISBN:
9780199849611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160017.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines the history and contemporary experience of Native American Indians, and the contribution of Native philosophies and religious practices to the question of population growth. It ... More


African development, political economy and the road to Agenda 2063

George Kararach, Hany Besada, and Timothy Shaw

in Development In Africa: Refocusing the lens after the Millennium Development Goals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447328537
eISBN:
9781447328551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447328537.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

There are dangers of over-simplification when discussing the development challenges and opportunities facing a continent as vast as Africa at a given point in time! Africa is made up of 54 disparate ... More


One Model: The Franco-German University

Jochen Hellmann

in Franco-British Academic Partnerships: The Next Chapter: The Next Chapter

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846316630
eISBN:
9781846316777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846316777.009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter provides a brief historical background of the Franco-German University. It then discusses the importance of dual degree programs and transnational programs in the Franco-German ... More


Harmonization of Trade Remedies

Junji Nakagawa

in International Harmonization of Economic Regulation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604661
eISBN:
9780191731679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604661.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyzes international harmonization of rules on trade remedies, comprising anti-dumping duties, countervailing duties and safeguards. Originating in domestic law in the US in the late ... More


Sustainable Consumption: An Important but Ambiguous Concept

Philip J. Vergragt

in Conceptual Innovation in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036580
eISBN:
9780262341585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036580.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter explores the origins of the concept of sustainable consumption in global policy circles in the 1990s and its subsequent evolution in academia, business, civil society, and policy. It ... More


Towards a balanced and practical approach to anti-social behaviour management

Gillian Mayfield and Andy Mills

in ASBO nation: The criminalisation of nuisance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420282
eISBN:
9781447301493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420282.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter approaches the issue of addressing anti-social behaviour (ASB) in the United Kingdom from the perspective of practitioners and policy makers operating at a local level. It focuses on ... More


Business Lobbying in the European Union

David Coen, Alexander Katsaitis, and Matia Vannoni

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199589753
eISBN:
9780191867415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199589753.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

At a time when Europe and business stand at crossroads, this study provides a perspective into how business representation in the EU has evolved and valuable insights into how to organize lobbying ... More


Securing respect: Behavioural expectations and anti-social behaviour in the UK

Andrew Millie (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420947
eISBN:
9781447303336
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420947.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Over recent years, the government focus on anti-social behaviour has been replaced by a focus on respect. Tony Blair's ‘Respect Action Plan’ was launched in January 2006, Gordon Brown spoke of ‘duty, ... More


The Law of the Sea Convention and Agenda 21: Marine Environmental Implications

Alexander Yankov

in International Law and Sustainable Development: Past Achievements and Future Challenges

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298076
eISBN:
9780191685378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298076.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and Agenda 21, adopted by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in June 1992, are two instruments quite ... More


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