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The National Afro-American League’s Founding and Law-Related Work, 1887–1895

Susan D. Carle

in Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945740
eISBN:
9780199369843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Social History

This chapter examines the extant evidence concerning the National Afro-American League's test case litigation and state legislative reform efforts and explores the political and legal perspectives of ... More


Afro-American League Convention Speech

Shawn Leigh Alexander

in T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator: A Collection of Writings, 1880-1928

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032320
eISBN:
9780813039084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032320.003.0013
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents the address Fortune gave before the inaugural convention of the Afro-American League in Chicago on January 25, 1890. The league was the nation's first national civil rights ... More


Failure of the Afro-American People to Organize

Shawn Leigh Alexander

in T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator: A Collection of Writings, 1880-1928

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032320
eISBN:
9780813039084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032320.003.0018
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents the editorial, “Failure of the Afro-American People to Organize,” where Fortune reflected on the attempts of the race to organize civil rights organizations. He examined his own ... More


Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915

Susan D. Carle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945740
eISBN:
9780199369843
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Social History

This book uncovers the forgotten contributions of late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century national organizations—including the National Afro-American League, the National Afro-American ... More


Setting Agendas, Demanding Rights, and the Black Press

Margaret Garb

in Freedom's Ballot: African American Political Struggles in Chicago from Abolition to the Great Migration

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226135908
eISBN:
9780226136066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136066.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter 2 describes the emergence of the black press and the rise of African American civic organizations and political clubs. It argues that newspapers like the Chicago Conservator, launched by ... More


Are We Brave Men or Cowards?

Shawn Leigh Alexander

in T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator: A Collection of Writings, 1880-1928

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032320
eISBN:
9780813039084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032320.003.0014
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents an essay written for the short-lived Monthly Review, edited by Charles Alexander. The essay was Fortune's strong condemnation of the race for failing to support the ... More


Do You Consider Revolution to Be a Crime?: Fighting for Police Reform

Simon Balto

in Occupied Territory: Policing Black Chicago from Red Summer to Black Power

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469649597
eISBN:
9781469649610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649597.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The final chapter documents the wide range of Black-led activist efforts to reform the police at the end of the 1960s and in the early 1970s. The launching point is the assassination of Fred Hampton, ... More


Conclusion

Susan D. Carle

in Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945740
eISBN:
9780199369843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Social History

This concluding chapter assesses the questions with which the book's narrative starts. It analyzes the complex political, legal, and social factors that influenced the way in which early ... More


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