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Archaeology of Empire in Achaemenid Egypt

Henry Colburn

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474452366
eISBN:
9781474476454
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474452366.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This book is the first study of the material culture of Egypt during the period of Achaemenid Persian rule (ca. 526-404 B.C., also known as the ‘27th Dynasty’). Previous studies have characterised ... More


The Transition of Babylonia from the Neo-Babylonian Empire to Achaemenid Rule

Michael Jursa

in Regime Change in the Ancient Near East and Egypt: From Sargon of Agade to Saddam Hussein

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263907
eISBN:
9780191734687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263907.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the aftermath of the Persian conquest of Babylonia in the sixth century BCE. It explores the relationship of the Iranian rulers and the indigenous Babylonian urban upper class ... More


New Perspectives on the Mauryan and Kushana Periods

J. Mark Kenoyer

in Between the Empires: Society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305326
eISBN:
9780199850884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305326.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The discoveries of this book do not seem to match the well-entrenched models that attribute the second period of urbanism to the late Northern Black Polished Ware period corresponding with the ... More


The Babylonian Calendar

Sacha Stern

in Calendars in Antiquity: Empires, States, and Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589449
eISBN:
9780191746178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589449.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter deals with the standard Babylonian calendar that was adopted, in the late second millennium bce, as the official calendar of the empires that ruled the Near East from then until late ... More


Iranian Expanse: Transforming Royal Identity through Architecture, Landscape, and the Built Environment, 550 BCE-642 CE

Matthew P. Canepa

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520290037
eISBN:
9780520964365
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290037.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

The product of a decade of research, The Iranian Expanse is a study of the natural and built environments of power in Persia and the ancient Iranian world from the consolidation of the Achaemenid ... More


The Religion of Xerxes

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on Xerxes's religion, with particular emphasis on his mission to establish Zoroastrianism at the expense of all other religions. According to Shahnameh, Xerxes is a strongly ... More


Family Romances

Richard Stoneman

in Xerxes: A Persian Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300180077
eISBN:
9780300216042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180077.003.0008
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on Xerxes's love life, which proved to be his downfall. Unlike his polygamous father, Xerxes spent his life married to a single woman, Amestris, the daughter of Otanes, the ... More


Alexander, Priene, and Naulochon

Peter Thonemann

in Epigraphical Approaches to the Post-classical Polis: Fourth Century BC to Second Century AD

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652143
eISBN:
9780191745935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652143.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter offers a new reconstruction of Alexander the Great's fragmentary edict to Priene (I. Priene 1; Rhodes–Osborne, GHI 86, probably of 334 bc). Alexander's edict, concerning the status of a ... More


Social Practices: Drinking Like a Persian

Henry P. Colburn

in Archaeology of Empire in Achaemenid Egypt

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474452366
eISBN:
9781474476454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474452366.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter considers how Achaemenid rule may have affected the decisions people made about identity on a daily basis by examining culinary practices, especially those related to alcohol. Culinary ... More


In the Path of Conquest: Resistance to Alexander the Great

Waldemar Heckel

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190076689
eISBN:
9780197501146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076689.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This book offers a fresh insight into the conquests of Alexander the Great by attempting to view the events of 336–323 from the vantage point of the defeated. The extent, and form, of the resistance ... More


Defining “Hindu” and “Hinduism”

Asko Parpola

in The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and The Indus Civilization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190226909
eISBN:
9780190226947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226909.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

“Hindu” is the Persian version of “Sindhu,” the Sanskrit name of the Indus River and the southern Indus Valley as a province of the Achaemenid empire, the modern Sindh province of Pakistan. Indus ... More


A Common Origin for Coinage?

Niv Horesh

in Chinese Money in Global Context: Historic Junctures Between 600 BCE and 2012

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787192
eISBN:
9780804788540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787192.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

It is often assumed that the “roundness” of coinage had been globally found to be superior to other forms of coinage in antiquity -- that is long before Leonardo da Vinci explicitly stated so. ... More


From Coinage to Paper Money: The Origins and Evolution of Chinese and Western Banknotes in Comparison

Niv Horesh

in Chinese Money in Global Context: Historic Junctures Between 600 BCE and 2012

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787192
eISBN:
9780804788540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787192.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explains the different numismatic traditions across Eurasia leading up to the emergence of paper money in the early modern era. In the process, the chapter surveys all the great ... More


Law and Religion in Achaemenid Ira n

Josef Wiesehöfer

in Law and Religion in the Eastern Mediterranean: From Antiquity to Early Islam

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199550234
eISBN:
9780191747199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550234.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter examines religious and legal discourse in Achaemenid Iran. It focuses on two aspects of the Achaemenid period. The first is the characteristics of law, defined by the ruler, and justice, ... More


Palaeoecological Insights into Agri-Horti-Cultural and Pastoral Practices Before, During and After the Sasanian Empire

Lyudmila Shumilovskikh, Morteza Djamali, Valérie Andrieu-Ponel, Philippe Ponel, Jacques-Louis de Beaulieu, Abdolmajid Naderi-Beni, and Eberhard W. Sauer

in Sasanian Persia: Between Rome and the Steppes of Eurasia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781474401012
eISBN:
9781474435277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474401012.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

Pollen data obtained from radiocarbon-dated sediments of several peat bogs and lakes located in different parts of Iran and surrounding areas have recently provided invaluable new information on ... More


Administering Bactria: From Achaemenid Satrapy to Graeco-Bactrian State

Rachel Mairs

in Hellenistic Far East

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780520281271
eISBN:
9780520959545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281271.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

The natural resources of Bactria made the region valuable to a succession of imperial powers. Decades of archaeological excavation and field survey, as well as newly-published documents in Aramaic ... More


Building the First Persian Empire

Matthew P. Canepa

in Iranian Expanse: Transforming Royal Identity through Architecture, Landscape, and the Built Environment, 550 BCE-642 CE

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520290037
eISBN:
9780520964365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290037.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the construction of the Achaemenid empire and its royal residence cities including Persepolis, Susa, Ecbatana and Babylon. It also explores the role of rock art and ritual in ... More


Persian Religion and Achaemenid Sacred Spaces

Matthew P. Canepa

in Iranian Expanse: Transforming Royal Identity through Architecture, Landscape, and the Built Environment, 550 BCE-642 CE

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520290037
eISBN:
9780520964365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290037.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 7 examines the problem of the architecture and spatial contexts of Achaemenid religion. It argues that the dynasty did not impose a tradition of fire temple architecture on their empire. It ... More


Sasanian Memory and the Persian Monumental and Ritual Legacy

Matthew P. Canepa

in Iranian Expanse: Transforming Royal Identity through Architecture, Landscape, and the Built Environment, 550 BCE-642 CE

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520290037
eISBN:
9780520964365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290037.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 12 explores the techniques by which the early Sasanian dynasty shaped Pars’ patrimony of glorious Achaemenid ruins and foregrounded its ancient artistic heritage and traditions of ritual. The ... More


Persian Palatial Cosmologies

Matthew P. Canepa

in Iranian Expanse: Transforming Royal Identity through Architecture, Landscape, and the Built Environment, 550 BCE-642 CE

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520290037
eISBN:
9780520964365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290037.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 14 explores the development and significance of the Achamenid palatial tradition. It offers a critical approach to the palatial vocabulary.


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