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The Great Reaction: Everyone against the Academy of Sciences

Michael D. Gordin (ed.)

in A Well-Ordered Thing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691172385
eISBN:
9780691184425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172385.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter focuses on Dmitrii Mendeleev's rejection from the Academy of Sciences' chair in technology. In November 1880, Mendeleev was subjected to a personal humiliation that became a national ... More


On the halfinvariants in the theory of observations 78

T. N. Thiele

in Thiele: Pioneer in Statistics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509721
eISBN:
9780191709197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509721.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter presents a reprint of part of Hald (2000a), which was read before the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, where Thiele concludes the mathematical theory of his halfinvariants. ... More


The Imperial Turn: Economics, Evolution, and Empire

Michael D. Gordin (ed.)

in A Well-Ordered Thing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691172385
eISBN:
9780691184425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172385.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses Dmitrii Mendeleev's “Imperial Turn.” Mendeleev had two productive reactions to his rough treatment at the hands of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences. First came ... More


The Legend Computer Group Company: A Model of ‘One Academy, Two Systems’

Qiwen Lu

in China's Leap into the Information Age: Innovation and Organization in the Computer Industry

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295372
eISBN:
9780191685101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295372.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Innovation

The Legend Computer Group Company was listed as the largest enterprise in the Chinese information technology industry. Officially, the company describes itself as a new type of state-owned enterprise ... More


History on Trial: The Paschini Affair (1941–1979)

Maurice A. Finocchiaro

in Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242616
eISBN:
9780520941373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242616.003.0017
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the reasons for the delay of Pio Paschini's book on the silent rehabilitation of Galileo occasioned by tricentennial. It also evaluates the reasons for the posthumous ... More


Early life

I.S. Glass

in Nicolas-Louis De La Caille, Astronomer and Geodesist: South African Astronomical Observatory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199668403
eISBN:
9780191749315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668403.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

La Caille was educated to become a priest at the desire of his father. However, he refused ordination and turned to astronomy. He trained at the Paris Observatory under Jacques Cassini. At the time, ... More


The Animal Projects of the Paris Academy of Sciences

Anita Guerrini

in The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247663
eISBN:
9780226248332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the last third of the seventeenth century, the Paris Academy of Sciences pursued two dissection projects, of exotic animals and of living and dead domestic animals coupled with the dissection of ... More


The Histoire des animaux

Anita Guerrini

in The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247663
eISBN:
9780226248332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Artists and illustrations were part of the Academy’s work from the outset; illustrated accounts of dissections of exotic animals began to appear in 1667. Colbert’s imperative to contribute to the ... More


The Courtiers’ Anatomist: Duverney at the Jardin du roi

Anita Guerrini

in The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247663
eISBN:
9780226248332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Even before he entered the Academy, Duverney’s anatomical skills had made him well known in the private academies and salons of Paris. In 1679 he was appointed anatomy lecturer at the Jardin du Roi, ... More


Claude Perrault and the Mechanics of Animals: Family and Scientific Institutions (1660–1690)

Oded Rabinovitch

in The Perraults: A Family of Letters in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501729423
eISBN:
9781501730085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501729423.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter starts with one individual–Claude–and examines how the impact of the family on scientific inquiry is seen when examined from the perspective of the individual. Studying Claude’s renowned ... More


István Széchenyi: Learned Society

István Hargittai and Magdolna Hargittai

in Budapest Scientific: A Guidebook

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198719076
eISBN:
9780191788420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719076.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

István Széchenyi dedicated his life to the creation of a learned society in Hungary. In 1825, he and a few other aristocrats committed considerable portions of their wealth to found the Hungarian ... More


Genius and Engineering

Larrie D. Ferreiro

in Ships and Science: The Birth of Naval Architecture in the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1800

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062596
eISBN:
9780262272582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062596.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this chapter, the process of professionalization of naval constructors that started in several countries of Europe, including France, Spain, and Denmark in 1700s and then spread to other countries ... More


The one world: physis and psyche

Charles P. Enz

in No Time to be Brief: A scientific biography of Wolfgang Pauli

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198564799
eISBN:
9780191713835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564799.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins with a description of Pauli’s letters to Jung expressing his dissatisfaction with the science enterprise. It then details his vision of gauge field theory, neutrinos, and his ... More


The Invention of French Newtonianism: Maupertuis and Voltaire

in The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis announced his Newtonianism from the highest levels of the French scientific establishment. Voltaire, by contrast, proclaimed his from within the public space of the ... More


The Petrine Dawn

David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye

in Russian Orientalism: Asia in the Russian Mind from Peter the Great to the Emigration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110630
eISBN:
9780300162899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110630.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

As an academic discipline in Russia, orientology dates back to the reign of Tsar Peter the Great at the turn of the eighteenth century. Peter's commercial and political ambitions in Asia, along with ... More


. Naturalists in New England: Thoreau, Agassiz, and Gray

John G. T. Anderson

in Deep Things out of Darkness: A History of Natural History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520273764
eISBN:
9780520954458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273764.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

In which we examine the beginnings of the decline of natural history and the rise of nature writing or environmental literature. Thoreau’s role as an iconic figure in literature is examined as are ... More


Using and Revealing Robert Rich

Larry Ceplair and Christopher Trumbo

in Dalton Trumbo: Blacklisted Hollywood Radical

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813146805
eISBN:
9780813154770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813146805.003.0017
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences joined the blacklist enterprise when its governors enacted a bylaw preventing blacklisted people from being nominated for Academy Awards, beginning ... More


The Perraults and Versailles: Mediating Grandeur (1660–1700)

Oded Rabinovitch

in The Perraults: A Family of Letters in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501729423
eISBN:
9781501730085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501729423.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Charles’s position in Colbert’s orbit offered the family new ways to act in the social world. This chapter concentrates on the ways the Perraults drew upon their access to Versailles in a variety of ... More


Perrault, Duverney, and Animal Mechanism

Anita Guerrini

in The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247663
eISBN:
9780226248332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Known as the “anatomiste des courtisans” (the courtiers’ anatomist) for his instruction of the Dauphin, Duverney, unlike other members of the Academy, only dissected. This chapter examineshis ... More


Report after Report

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

On December 11, 1984, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) issued its final report on nuclear winter. The report was a vindication of sorts for Carl Sagan and his TTAPS team of Richard Turco, Owen ... More


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