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A Decade of Tumult (1870–9)

Wendy S. Mercer

in The Life and Travels of Xavier Marmier (1808-1892): Bringing World Literature to France

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263884
eISBN:
9780191734830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263884.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The year 1870 proved momentous both in terms of French life and history and for Marmier personally. His joy at being elected to the Académie française was set against the grim backdrop of the ... More


The Last Years (1880–92)

Wendy S. Mercer

in The Life and Travels of Xavier Marmier (1808-1892): Bringing World Literature to France

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263884
eISBN:
9780191734830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263884.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Marmier was now over 70 years old, and the coming decade saw him limiting his activities to the Parisian sphere. He had naturally experienced a decline in his physical vigour, although his mind ... More


The Founding of the Académie Française and Its Development through the Late Seventeenth Century

Michael P. Fitzsimmons

in The Place of Words: The Académie Française and Its Dictionary during an Age of Revolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190644536
eISBN:
9780190644567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644536.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

What would become the Académie Française had modest beginnings as an informal weekly gathering of young men in Paris to discuss literary matters. Although its members tried to keep their meetings ... More


The Fifth Edition Superseded

Michael P. Fitzsimmons

in The Place of Words: The Académie Française and Its Dictionary during an Age of Revolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190644536
eISBN:
9780190644567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644536.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

The second class of the Institut National had been given the task of preparing the sixth edition of the dictionary. The class had several Napoleonic loyalists, ensuring control of its content, and ... More


The Académie and Its Dictionary from the Beginning of the Revolution until the End of the Monarchy

Michael P. Fitzsimmons

in The Place of Words: The Académie Française and Its Dictionary during an Age of Revolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190644536
eISBN:
9780190644567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644536.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

The French Revolution ushered in a remarkable change in language, with both neologisms and new meanings for existing words. Supporters and critics of the Revolution often utilized a dictionary format ... More


The Novels and the New Académie-Française

Hugh Gaston Hall

in Richelieu's Desmarets and the Century of Louis XIV

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151579
eISBN:
9780191672743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151579.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Jean Desmarets published three novels: Ariane, read from the manuscript in 1631 to the group of men who formed the Académie-Française and dedicated ‘Aux Dame’ in 1632 under the pseudonym ‘de ... More


Richelieu's Desmarets and the Century of Louis XIV

Hugh Gaston Hall

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151579
eISBN:
9780191672743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151579.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Jean Desmarets, later Sieur de Saint-Sorlin, was a late Renaissance ‘universal man’: first Chancellor and founder-member of the Académie Française, last jester of the French royal court and star ... More


The Life and Travels of Xavier Marmier (1808-1892): Bringing World Literature to France

Wendy S Mercer

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263884
eISBN:
9780191734830
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263884.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This is the first critical biography of Xavier Marmier. The celebrity of Marmier was such that his death made headline news in most major newspapers in France. Marmier earned his reputation by being ... More


Richelieu and Writers

Robert A. Schneider

in Dignified Retreat: Writers and Intellectuals in the Age of Richelieu

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198826323
eISBN:
9780191865275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198826323.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Ideas

The first part of this chapter deals with the founding of the Académie française. It argues against the traditional image of this institution as Richelieu’s creation and as the embodiment of ... More


The Académie and Its Dictionaries under the Old Regime

Michael P. Fitzsimmons

in The Place of Words: The Académie Française and Its Dictionary during an Age of Revolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190644536
eISBN:
9780190644567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644536.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

Because of criticism of its dictionary, the Académie decided to revise the work rather than begin work on a grammar. It adhered to this pattern throughout the eighteenth century and produced new ... More


Introduction

Hugh Gaston Hall

in Richelieu's Desmarets and the Century of Louis XIV

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151579
eISBN:
9780191672743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151579.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Jean Desmarets, later Sieur de Saint-Sorlin, last jester of the royal Court of France and first Chancellor of the Académie-Française, is arguably one of the most versatile, and certainly one of the ... More


The Appearance of the Fifth Edition

Michael P. Fitzsimmons

in The Place of Words: The Académie Française and Its Dictionary during an Age of Revolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190644536
eISBN:
9780190644567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644536.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

Maradan quickly withdrew from the project, and years later than the stipulated deadline, Smits published the fifth edition, although the work was rushed into print when key figures working on it were ... More


Missions and Offices

Hugh Gaston Hall

in Richelieu's Desmarets and the Century of Louis XIV

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151579
eISBN:
9780191672743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151579.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Jean Desmarets held important offices, first as ‘le bouffon du Roi’, with access to the Conseil as a favourite perhaps as early as 1614. By 1620 he was Député pour les fortifications de l'Armée du ... More


Courtside Purity and the Académie Française’s Attack on the Earth

Thomas Parker

in Tasting French Terroir: The History of an Idea

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520277502
eISBN:
9780520961333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277502.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 3 reports on the much different destiny that terroir underwent in the seventeenth century, where it was once again central in questions of identity. The influence of the Académie française ... More


The Place of Words: The Académie Française and Its Dictionary during an Age of Revolution

Michael P. Fitzsimmons

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190644536
eISBN:
9780190644567
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644536.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

From its initial appearance in 1694 and through successive editions in 1718, 1740, and 1762, the Dictionnaire de l’Académie Française had risen to become the definitive arbiter of the French ... More


Cardinal Richelieu

Florian Coulmas

in Guardians of Language: Twenty Voices Through History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198736523
eISBN:
9780191818646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736523.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Cardinal Richelieu was a statesman of the highest rank who dominated French politics for decades, dedicating himself both to the consolidation of the monarchy and France’s standing in Europe. As an ... More


Conclusion

Hugh Gaston Hall

in Richelieu's Desmarets and the Century of Louis XIV

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151579
eISBN:
9780191672743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151579.003.0018
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

The epigraph expresses a conception of creative writing and art constant in Jean Desmaret's career even before his entry into Cardinal Richelieu's personal service and already common among Court ... More


Failure in Finance and the Rise of Charles Perrault (1660–1680)

Oded Rabinovitch

in The Perraults: A Family of Letters in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501729423
eISBN:
9781501730085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501729423.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

With the beginning of Louis XIV’s “personal reign,” a new and powerful minister, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, assumed control of the monarchy’s financial and cultural endeavors. The first result was ... More


Introducing French Anglicisms

Valérie Saugera

in Remade in France: Anglicisms in the Lexicon and Morphology of French

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190625542
eISBN:
9780190625573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190625542.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Since French Anglicisms readily conjure up the Académie française, the introductory chapter presents purist views on Anglicisms, which tend to be implicitly political (Anglicisms as an allegory for ... More


Introduction

Robert A. Schneider

in Dignified Retreat: Writers and Intellectuals in the Age of Richelieu

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198826323
eISBN:
9780191865275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198826323.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter introduces the major themes of the book as well as the cast of characters: the over one hundred writers and intellectuals whose work and activities are the focus of what follows in the ... More


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