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A mathematical childhood

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on Salam's childhood. Salam was born on January 26, 1926. Soon after his birth, his father asked a visiting community representative to pray for the young boy. The Mauvli ... More


Not so splendid isolation

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on Salam's life after interest in quantum field theory went out of fashion. Salam's scholarship, originally from British India but now taken over by the government of the new ... More


From mathematics to physics

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on Salam's experiences at Cambridge. Salam loved and flourished in Cambridge, with its network of some thirty colleges scattered about the town. It is also here where Salam made ... More


Electroweak

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on developments in science and physics. Salam set up his group at Imperial College and attained his intellectual cruising speed. He increasingly appeared wherever there was ... More


Demise

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter covers Salam's fall from favour in Pakistan and the excommunication of the Ahmadi sect, his unsuccessful bid to head UNESCO, and his fatal illness.


Uniting nations of science

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses the political changes in Pakistan and Salam's participation. With his ties to Pakistan loosened, Salam turned his ambitions and political talents elsewhere. The United Nations ... More


Trieste

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses Trieste in Italy. This is where Salam set up an international center for theoretical physics with the support of the United Nations. The purpose of the Trieste centre was to ... More


Prejudice and pride

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins with the prestige of the Nobel Prize. It then describes Salam's receipt of the prize and the condemnation he received from his own country of Pakistan. It is argued that although ... More


A turban in Stockholm

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses the life of Abdus Salam. He was born in British India and was a subject of George V, who was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, and Emperor of India. In 1947, what ... More


The men who knew infinities

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on developments in quantum physics and Salam's participation in this endeavor. In October 1951, the Reviews of Modern Physics journal carried ‘The Renormalization of Meson ... More


‘Think of something better’

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins with a discussion of developments in physics from the 1950s onwards. It then discusses Salam's studies on the neutrino. In January 1957, Salam became Professor of Applied ... More


The arrogant theory

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins with a description of Salam's return to Cambridge from Pakistan in 1954. It discusses his covariant theory, which presaged a watershed in elementary particle theory. His ... More


Quark Liberation Front

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on Salam's research in physics. Throughout his research, Salam sought for patterns, similarities in behaviour between subnuclear particles that were superficially very ... More


The tapestry of a subcontinent

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on the cultural background of Abdus Salam. Salam's assimilation into Western, and particularly British, life was so complete that his background was little understood by his ... More


Messiahs, Mahdis and Ahmadis

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on the role of faith and religion in Salam's life. Salam belonged to the Ahmadi sect of Islam. Aside from being a driving influence on his personal and family life, Salam's ... More


Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Gordon Fraser

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book presents a biography of Abdus Salam, the first Muslim to win a Nobel Prize for Science (Physics 1979), who was nevertheless excommunicated and branded as a heretic in his own country. His ... More


Electroweak unification and foreshadowing of the standard model

JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON

in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198527459
eISBN:
9780191709593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Much has been written about the development of the standard model of particle physics, in particular about the convoluted process which led to the theory of electroweak interactions for which, ... More


The Predicaments of Institutional Legacy

Indira Chowdhury

in Growing the Tree of Science: Homi Bhabha and the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199466900
eISBN:
9780199087211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466900.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter looks at the nature of institutional legacy at Bhabha’s institute through numerous commemorative acts that marked Bhabha’s sudden death in 1966. While Bhabha’s patriotic ideals and the ... More


The Unification of Forces

Alvaro De Rújula

in Enjoy Our Universe: You Have No Other Choice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198817802
eISBN:
9780191859366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817802.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The quest for a unified theory of all fundamental forces. Faraday’s unification of all “types” of electricity. Maxwell’s unification of electricity, magnetism and light. Heinrich Hertz, and radio ... More


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