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 Life, Works, and Influence

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter provides an overview of the evidence regarding al-Kindī’s biography, and surveys what is known of his writings based on the account in Ibn al-Nadīm’s Fihrist. While most of his works are ... More


 Eternity: Infinite Creator and Finite World

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter surveys the Greek background in Plato’s Timaeus, Aristotle’s Physics and De Caelo, and the dispute between late Greek thinkers, especially Proclus and Philoponus. Against this ... More


Life and Works

Hussein Ali Abdulsater

in Shi'i Doctrine, Mu'tazili Theology: al-Sharif al-Murtada and Imami Discourse

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474404402
eISBN:
9781474434898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474404402.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter presents an overview of Murtaḍā’s context and a detailed account of his life. It thus studies his career as student, teacher, politician and religious authority. As the head of the ... More


Hermes in Sasanian Iran

Kevin van Bladel

in The Arabic Hermes: From Pagan Sage to Prophet of Science

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195376135
eISBN:
9780199871636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376135.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The first references to Hermes and his works in Arabic appear among the Iranian astrologers at the court of the ʿAbbāsid caliphs during the second half of the 8th century. These astrologers knew ... More


Islam in History, Islamic History

Monica M. Ringer

in Islamic Modernism and the Re-Enchantment of the Sacred in the Age of History

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781474478731
eISBN:
9781474491211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474478731.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The taxonomy of human religions, generated and confirmed as the guiding organizational grammar of European disciplines of religious studies, philology, and anthropology, claimed to map civilizational ... More


A Life between Public and Private Instruction: Al-Ghazālī’s Biography

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Reviewing the early sources on al-Ghazali’s life and comparing them with information that he himself gives in his Persian letters leads to the conclusion that he was born around 1056, roughly two ... More


Space: An Eastward Shift

Garth Fowden

in Before and After Muhammad: The First Millennium Refocused

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158532
eISBN:
9781400848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158532.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter contextualizes Islam's early history by proposing an eastward shift of emphasis. It revises the geographical framework; the Mediterranean world of the Greeks and Romans is replaced by ... More


The Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo, 1261-1517: Out of the Shadows

Mustafa Banister

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474453363
eISBN:
9781474495547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474453363.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This book presents a detailed investigation of the Cairene descendants of the Abbasid family during the period of so-called ‘Mamluk’ rule in Egypt and Syria (1250–1517) and reveals a nuanced ... More


The Sufis of Baghdad: A Topographical Index of the City

Boutheina Khaldi

Nizar F. Hermes and Gretchen Head (eds)

in The City in Arabic Literature: Classical and Modern Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474406529
eISBN:
9781474449793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474406529.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

A new interest in Sufism in Baghdad has emerged within the last two decades. This interest reflects the unease that modern Arab intellectuals feel with respect to the transformation of the city’s ... More


A Captive Sasanian Princess

Garth Fowden

in Qusayr 'Amra: Art and the Umayyad Elite in Late Antique Syria

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520236653
eISBN:
9780520929609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520236653.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The Quṣayr 'Amra bathing beauty panel was placed right next to the six kings. It now more or less obliges us to suppose that the Umayyads deployed a similar plan in one or more of their grander ... More


Modernity’s Modernisms: Aesthetic Scale and Pre-1500 Modernisms

Susan Stanford Friedman

in Planetary Modernisms: Provocations on Modernity Across Time

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780231170901
eISBN:
9780231539470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170901.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The chapter argues that modernism is not a single style, movement or period; instead, modernism is best understood as the aesthetic dimension of any given modernity, interacting with other society ... More


Legal Knowledge and Local Practices under the Early ʿAbbāsids

Mathieu Tillier

in History and Identity in the Late Antique Near East

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199915408
eISBN:
9780199332816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915408.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

The chapter examines the development of a ‘normative pluralism’ in Muslim jurisprudence under the ʿAbbāsids. It emphasises that the caliphs had risen to power through their claims to ‘restore ... More


No One, during the Time of the Prophet, Imam Ali, and the Other Imams, was Sentenced to Death Solely for Apostasy

Mohsen Kadivar

in Blasphemy and Apostasy in Islam: Debates on Shi'a Jurisprudence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781474457576
eISBN:
9781474495394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474457576.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter is the fifth section of Kadivar’s ‘Treatise on Refuting the Punishment for Blasphemy and Apostasy’. It discusses the subject in four periods: No one during the time of the Prophet was ... More


The Origins and Establishment of the Abbasid Caliphs in Cairo, 659–701/1261–1302

Mustafa Banister

in The Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo, 1261–1517: Out of the Shadows

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474453363
eISBN:
9781474495547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474453363.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter, in the wake of the Mongol conquest of Baghdad, discusses the installation of a new line of Abbasid caliphs in Cairo supported through the cooperation of the political and religious ... More


The Qalawunids and the Caliphate, 701–63/1302–63

Mustafa Banister

in The Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo, 1261-1517: Out of the Shadows

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474453363
eISBN:
9781474495547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474453363.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter focuses on the first Cairo-born Abbasid, Sulaymān al-Mustakfī, and his immediate successors as the caliphal office normalised and became an ongoing part of the socio-political vista ... More


Containing and Maintaining the Caliphate, 815–903/1412–97

Mustafa Banister

in The Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo, 1261-1517: Out of the Shadows

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474453363
eISBN:
9781474495547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474453363.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

After its involvement in fourteenth-century political intrigues discussed in the previous chapter, this chapter concerns the caliphate’s return to form as a courtly office during the fifteenth ... More


The Last Abbasids of Cairo, 903–22/1497–1517

Mustafa Banister

in The Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo, 1261-1517: Out of the Shadows

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474453363
eISBN:
9781474495547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474453363.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter discusses the last two Abbasids to reign with pomp in Cairo prior to the Ottoman conquest of the Cairo Sultanate in 1516-1517. As problems mounted in early sixteenth-century Cairo, the ... More


Caliphal Investiture Documents and the Ideality of a Cairo Caliphate

Mustafa Banister

in The Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo, 1261-1517: Out of the Shadows

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474453363
eISBN:
9781474495547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474453363.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The first of two chapters that analyse the functional aspects and formal expectations for the Cairene Abbasids based on existing investiture and succession documents to examine the caliphal ... More


Beyond the Throne of the Caliphate: Analysing Caliphal Documents

Mustafa Banister

in The Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo, 1261-1517: Out of the Shadows

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474453363
eISBN:
9781474495547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474453363.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The second of two chapters that discuss caliphal documents that offer opportunities to examine Abbasid legitimacy alongside conceptual representations of the caliphate’s authority in late medieval ... More


Re-constructing a Nuanced Caliphate

Mustafa Banister

in The Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo, 1261-1517: Out of the Shadows

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474453363
eISBN:
9781474495547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474453363.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This concluding chapter synthesises the findings of the previous chapters and discusses the nuanced evolution of the caliphal office within its uniquely Cairene context. Attention to the ... More


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