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Competing by Design: The Power of Organizational Architecture

David A. Nadler and Michael L. Tushman

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195099171
eISBN:
9780199854868
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099171.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

If the defining goal of modern-day business can be isolated to just one item, it would be the search for competitive advantage. Competition is more intense than ever—technological innovation, ... More


Telecommunications in Shanghai: A Case Focus on the Municipal Government's Role *

Eric Harwit

in China's Telecommunications Revolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233748
eISBN:
9780191715556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233748.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the ways a key city in China, namely Shanghai, built both its telecommunications infrastructure and operations services. It highlights the policy process at the municipal level ... More


AT&T, BT, and NTT: A Comparison of Vision, Strategy, Competence, Path‐Dependency, and R&D

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

AT&T, BT, and NTT are the largest telecommunications service providers in the USA, UK, and Japan, respectively, and until the mid‐1980s, the three companies were monopoly suppliers of ... More


Visions of Corporate Organisation: From the Multidivisional to the Segmented Form of Organisation in AT&T, IBM, and NEC

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter begins by analysing the tendency for the modern large industrial corporation to decentralize by examining the transition from the unitary form of organization (or U‐Form) to the ... More


Corporate Takeovers and the Winner's Curse

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

There is general evidence that corporate executives exhibit hubris, that they are impressed with their own abilities. Since July 1996, the Financial Executives Institute and Duke University have been ... More


Telecommunications Services and Equipment

Eli M. Noam

in Media Ownership and Concentration in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195188523
eISBN:
9780199852574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188523.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines market concentration trends in the telecommunications industry in the United States. The overall concentration trend of the telecom sector has been strongly U-shaped; this ... More


BCI Applications

Jane E. Huggins and Debra Zeitlin

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Many people with disabilities already use assistive technology (AT) to provide accessible interfaces with commercial devices that were not designed with a disabled user in mind. This chapter ... More


The Ironic History of Class Actions

Brian T. Fitzpatrick

in The Conservative Case for Class Actions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226659336
eISBN:
9780226659473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226659473.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The modern class action was created in 1966 by an amendment to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23 by an obscure committee of lawyers, judges, and academics. Despite all of the opposition to it by big ... More


The Conservative Class Action

Brian T. Fitzpatrick

in The Conservative Case for Class Actions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226659336
eISBN:
9780226659473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226659473.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter takes seriously the best arguments against class actions and responds with appropriate reforms. For example, it is true that many of the substantive laws class actions enforce are bad ... More


The First Two ICT Eras

Peter F. Cowhey, Jonathan D. Aronson, and Donald Abelson

in Transforming Global Information and Communication Markets: The Political Economy of Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012850
eISBN:
9780262255066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012850.003.0003
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

This chapter establishes a base line for the change by analyzing the two eras of information and communication technology (ICT) development, the first of which began during the early postwar years ... More


Teleological Explanations of Actions: Anticausalism versus Causalism

Mele Alfred R.

in Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014564
eISBN:
9780262289139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014564.003.0096
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the view according to which human actions are explained teleologically and, therefore, all causal accounts of action explanation are, in a sense, rivals. This view is referred ... More


Elasticity

Robert E. Newnham

in Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198520757
eISBN:
9780191916601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198520757.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

All solids change shape under mechanical force. Under small stresses, the strain x is related to stress X by Hooke’s Law (x) = (s)(X), or the converse relationship (X) = (c)(x). The elastic ... More


Captains and Navigators: Plato

Dominic Scott and R. Edward Freeman

in Models of Leadership in Plato and Beyond

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198837350
eISBN:
9780191874055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837350.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses the comparison between a leader and a navigator, implicit in the well-known ‘ship of state’ image, which Plato uses in the Republic. A core component of the navigator model is ... More


Media Concentration in the United States

Eli Noam

in Who Owns the World's Media?: Media Concentration and Ownership around the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199987238
eISBN:
9780190210182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987238.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics, Economic Sociology

This chapter examines media ownership and concentration in the United States. Following an overview of the American media landscape, the remainder of the chapter focuses on print media (newspapers, ... More


The World’s Major Media Companies

Eli M. Noam

in Who Owns the World's Media?: Media Concentration and Ownership around the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199987238
eISBN:
9780190210182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987238.003.0035
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics, Economic Sociology

This chapter presents the world’s top media companies in 13 industries across 30 countries. The industries are measured by revenue, as well as by a measure called the power index. Following that, the ... More


Deregulation and Privatization

Laszlo Solymar

in Getting the Message: A History of Communications, Second Edition

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780198863007
eISBN:
9780191895760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863007.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The end of the Second World War saw the company AT&T in a dominant position in the US. They had the local monopoly, the long-distance monopoly, and the manufacturing monopoly. They were under ... More


Frankly Boring and Agonizingly Slow: Television Moves to the Office: Immediacy

Kit Hughes

in Television at Work: Industrial Media and American Labor

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190855789
eISBN:
9780190855826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190855789.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Using AT&T as a case study, Chapter 3 (keyword: immediacy) follows a series of halting experiments surrounding live and near-live television that attended the medium’s move from the factory to the ... More


Introduction

Brian R. Cheffins

in The Public Company Transformed

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190640323
eISBN:
9780190640354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190640323.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter introduces the reader to the changes the American public company has experienced that The Public Company Transformed explores. To set the scene, the basic chronology is summarized and ... More


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