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Uganda

Justin O Parkhurst, Freddie Ssengooba, and David Serwadda

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews Uganda's response to its HIV epidemic. While Uganda has been widely praised for its political response to the HIV epidemic, and has seen substantial reductions in its HIV ... More


Barbados

E R Walrond and T C Roach

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews Barbados's response to its HIV epidemic. The World Bank loan has been instrumental in establishing expanded HIV response. However, such funding is a temporary measure and the ... More


Brazil

Maya L Petersen, Claudia Travassos, Francisco I Bastos, Mariana A Hacker, Eduard J Beck, and José Carvalho de Noronha

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews Brazil's response to its HIV epidemic. Brazil's reforms in the 1980s produced a healthcare system based on the principle that care should be delivered according to need rather ... More


The clinical challenges of lifetime HAART

Roger Paredes, Renslow Sherer, and Bonaventura Clotet

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes the principal challenges of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in both resource-rich and developing world settings as of the end of year 2006 and discusses the options available to ... More


The High Cost of Assisted Reproduction

Judith Daar

in The New Eugenics: Selective Breeding in an Era of Reproductive Technologies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300137156
eISBN:
9780300229035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300137156.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter explores how cost as a barrier to ART access is more complex than just the high price of medical goods and services transacted in the pursuit of parenthood. Reportedly, assisted ... More


Enter HIV: Disease, Diagnosis, and Devastation in the Pre-ART Era

Perry N. Halkitis

in The AIDS Generation: Stories of Survival and Resilience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199944972
eISBN:
9780199352470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944972.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A review of the literature on the identification of the HIV-1 virus, the development of HIV antibody testing for screening shortly thereafter and the detection of clinical disease prior to viral ... More


Stories of Infertility and its Conquest: The Sisterhood of Bloody Mary

Clara Pinto-Correia

in Fear, Wonder, and Science in the New Age of Reproductive Biotechnology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231170949
eISBN:
9780231544580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170949.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The story of assisted reproductive technologies are often told as conquests over adversity, if not conquests over nature, itself. But for many, assisted reproductive technologies have been a double ... More


Race and Ethnicity as Barriers to ART Access

Judith Daar

in The New Eugenics: Selective Breeding in an Era of Reproductive Technologies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300137156
eISBN:
9780300229035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300137156.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter analyzes the racialization of infertility care in the United States, and seeks to understand why ART stratifies along race and ethnic lines. Researchers and scholars have proposed ... More


Disability and Procreative Diminishment

Judith Daar

in The New Eugenics: Selective Breeding in an Era of Reproductive Technologies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300137156
eISBN:
9780300229035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300137156.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter looks at how today's denials for ART treatment based on a prospective parent's disability are worrying analogues to the eugenics past, an era in which misguided judgments about parental ... More


The Harms of Procreative Deprivation

Judith Daar

in The New Eugenics: Selective Breeding in an Era of Reproductive Technologies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300137156
eISBN:
9780300229035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300137156.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter examines how recent efforts to address the harms done to several Americans have taken shape as formal apologies and payments to surviving victims. This contemporary hand-wringing is an ... More


The New Eugenics

Judith Daar

in The New Eugenics: Selective Breeding in an Era of Reproductive Technologies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300137156
eISBN:
9780300229035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300137156.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter calls for the democratization of ART. Exposing the many ways in which reproductive assistance is withheld, denied, deprived, and revoked is to also reveal the widespread need and desire ... More


Conclusion: From Embryo to “Pre-Born American”

Laura Harrison

in Brown Bodies, White Babies: The Politics of Cross-Racial Surrogacy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479808175
eISBN:
9781479843589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479808175.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The book concludes by linking the core themes of the text to the increasing hostility to women’s reproductive rights at the local, state, and national level. As feminist theory and practice have ... More


Art and Minitel in France in the 1980s

Annick Bureaud

in Social Media Archeology and Poetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034654
eISBN:
9780262336871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034654.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The Minitel (French videotex system) is often considered as a “pre-Internet” platform and the art that was created with it as belonging to “network art” and/or “collaborative” practices on a “social ... More


The Visibility of the Genetic Future

Helga Nowotny and Giuseppe Testa

in Naked Genes: Reinventing the Human in the Molecular Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262014939
eISBN:
9780262295802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014939.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores visibility as the defining feature enabled by the molecular gaze on life. Not only life is being recast through an ever expanding range of components (from genes to cells to ... More


Children, Individuality, Family: Discussing Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Adoption in Lithuania

Auksuolė Čepaitienė

in International Adoption: Global Inequalities and the Circulation of Children

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791011
eISBN:
9780814764473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791011.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter compares Lithuanian discourses related to adoption with those surrounding assisted reproduction technologies (ART). Drawing on ethnographic research in Lithuania, the chapter explores ... More


Media Ownership and Concentration in Egypt

Nagla Rizk

in Who Owns the World's Media?: Media Concentration and Ownership around the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199987238
eISBN:
9780190210182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987238.003.0029
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics, Economic Sociology

This chapter examines media ownership and concentration in Egypt. Following an overview of the Egyptian media landscape, the remainder of the chapter focuses on print media (newspapers), audiovisual ... More


Reversing the Tide: Lessons from the Movement for AIDS Treatment Access

Joia S. Mukherjee

in An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190662455
eISBN:
9780190662486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on the emergence of the AIDS pandemic. It covers the emergence of symptoms associated with HIV, the discovery of the virus, and the understanding of its transmission. It ... More


HIV Prevention Among Adolescents: What Have We Learned and Where Are We?

Audrey Pettifor and Hamsa Subramaniam

in Handbook of Adolescent Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190847128
eISBN:
9780190847159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190847128.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the latest information on HIV prevention among adolescents globally. An estimated 5.4 million young people aged 15–24 are living with HIV, accounting for 15% of the total burden ... More


The macroeconomics of AIDS in South Africa

Nicoli Nattrass

in The Oxford Companion to the Economics of South Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199689248
eISBN:
9780191789731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689248.003.0043
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the macroeconomic impact of AIDS in South Africa. It covers macroeconomic models of the impact of AIDS; the macroeconomic impact of antiretroviral treatment (ART); the political ... More


Privileging Adoption over Sexual Reproduction?: A State-Centered Perspective

Jurgen De Wispelaere and Daniel Weinstock

in Permissible Progeny?: The Morality of Procreation and Parenting

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199378111
eISBN:
9780199378142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378111.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

What, if any, are the obligations of those who engage in natural sexual procreation towards the many children in need of an adoptive family? And what role, if any, can or should the state play in ... More


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