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The Golden Age of Al-Shabaab (2009–10)

Stig Jarle Hansen

in Al-Shabaab in Somalia: The History and Ideology of a Militant Islamist Group, 2005-2012

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199327874
eISBN:
9780199388103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199327874.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter describes how Al-Shabaab gained control over most of central Somalia after the Ethiopian withdrawal in 2009. Al-Shabaab created governates, Walias and state-like structures with a court ... More


Introduction

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Introduction sets out the book’s principal aims: to provide a detailed analysis of AMISOM’s evolution and to understand how the mission and its key partners tried to overcome its major ... More


Genesis: October 2004 to March 2007

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses AMISOM’s genesis with reference to four important developments in Somalia and the Horn of Africa in the aftermath of al-Qa’ida’s attack on the United States on 11 September ... More


Entry: March 2007 to January 2009

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses the major developments during AMISOM’s first two years before the withdrawal of the Ethiopian troops from Mogadishu. The first section discusses the initial deployment ... More


Stalemate: January 2009 to August 2010

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses AMISOM’s challenges in Mogadishu after Ethiopia’s withdrawal. The first section summarizes conflict dynamics in Mogadishu while the second examines the state of AMISOM’s main ... More


Offensive: September 2010 to October 2011

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses the battle for Mogadishu and how AMISOM not only pushed al-Shabaab forces out of the city but also turned significant pockets of international opinion from viewing the mission ... More


Expansion: October 2011 to September 2012

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter starts by analysing Kenya’s decision to launch Operation Linda Nchi into Somalia in October 2011 and why it subsequently integrated nearly 4,500 troops into AMISOM in 2012. The second ... More


Consolidation: September 2012 to December 2013

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

After explaining the creation of a new FGS in August and September 2012, this chapter analyses how AMISOM consolidated its positions across south-central Somalia. It then provides a summary of the ... More


Surge: January 2014 to May 2017

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter starts by analysing why Ethiopia decided to integrate some of its troops into AMISOM in January 2014. It then summarizes the four major expansion and consolidation operations that AMISOM ... More


Logistics

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses five sets of challenges related to logistics support that constrained AMISOM’s operational effectiveness. These revolved around the expanding scope of UNSOA’s mandated tasks; ... More


Security Sector Reform

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses how AMISOM tried to cooperate and coordinate with the existing Somali security forces in order to fight an effective war against al-Shabaab and simultaneously help build a new ... More


Protecting Civilians

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Particularly during its first four years, AMISOM had a distinctly ambiguous relationship with civilian protection issues. It was not until late May 2013, for example, that AMISOM adopted a more ... More


Strategic Communications

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

When AMISOM initially deployed, the AU had almost zero strategic communications capabilities and so the mission began without the ability to wage an effective media campaign. This chapter therefore ... More


Stabilization

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Particularly after expelling al-Shabaab’s main forces from Mogadishu in August 2011, AMISOM began to pursue stabilization programmes. But it struggled in large part because Somalia’s asymmetric ... More


Exit

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses the major challenges AMISOM faced in trying to develop and implement a successful exit strategy. It begins by summarizing the different modes of exit that are usually available ... More


Conclusion

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Rather than repeating the lessons and conclusions identified in Part II of this book relating to logistics, security sector reform, civilian protection, strategic communications, stabilization, and ... More


Amisom: Challenges of Influence, Impartiality and Disengagement

Najum Mushtaq

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter presents a brief review of the African Union Mission in Somalia's (AMISOM) origins, growth, and performance from a Somali peace-building and conflict transformation perspective. It also ... More


Collaborating for Peace: An Analysis of Networks of Cooperation in Somalia

Dominik Balthasar and Anja Osei

in War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190947910
eISBN:
9780190055929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0042
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

In recent years, Somalia has witnessed an increasing range of activities involved in state-building and peace-building. The success of these efforts requires cooperation among and between national ... More


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