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Law, Human Rights, and the Bioethical Discourse

Michael Freeman (ed.)

in Law and Bioethics: Current Legal Issues Volume 11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545520
eISBN:
9780191721113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545520.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter considers a case study of global pharmaceutical patents to examine possible engagements between law, in particular human rights law, and bioethics. It argues that current theories of ... More


Should Rapid Tests for Hiv Infection Now Be Mandatory During Pregnancy or In Labor?

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Since testing for HIV became possible in 1985, the testing of pregnant women has been primarily voluntary, “opt-in,” but there have been repeated predictions that with the development of more ... More


Thinking Big: Emerging Global Efforts For The Control Of Infectious Disease

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Despite the devastating pandemic of HIV/AIDS that erupted in the early 1980s, despite the failure to eradicate polio and the emergence of resistant forms of tuberculosis that came into focus in the ... More


The Biological Basics of Infectious Disease

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Infectious diseases, although they vary substantially in their manifestations and causes, share certain common features that make them distinct and remarkable. These diseases can strike suddenly and ... More


Closing The Book on Infectious Disease: The Mischievous Consequences For Public Health

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

During the formative period of bioethics, the field of public health also directed attention largely away from infectious disease, to issues such as environmental degradation, workplace safety, ... More


Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Jaap Goudsmit

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

Rarely have humans been as threatened by viruses as they are today. It almost seems as if a virus invasion is taking place. Viruses have lately been coming out of nowhere and appearing in the ... More


In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

William R. Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The immune system is the only thing standing between us and a world of microbial predators that could send us to an early and ugly death. It would be our only defense during the first hours of a ... More


Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 131, 2004 Lectures

P. J. Marshall (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263518
eISBN:
9780191734021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263518.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This volume contains sixteen lectures given to the National Academy for the Humanities and Social Sciences in 2004. The topical issues debated in this volume include the patenting of AIDS drugs, the ... More


Network Epidemiology: A Handbook for Survey Design and Data Collection

Martina Morris (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199269013
eISBN:
9780191601330
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269017.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

For epidemiologists and public health professionals, the global epidemic of HIV/AIDS has provoked a fundamental re-examination of infectious disease prevention and the research needed to support it. ... More


 Nonreproductive Health Issues

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables that arise in the health care of women who are HIV positive or have AIDS, women with breast or gynecological cancer, and the use of hormone replacement therapy for ... More


Humanitarian Intervention and International Society: Lessons from Africa

James Mayall

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

After the end of the Cold War, many in the West viewed Africa as a testing ground for the solidarist argument that sovereignty was no longer an absolute principle and that the international community ... More


 Learning to Cope with HIV/AIDS

Neil Schneiderman and Michael Antoni

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents an interdisciplinary research program in Miami that focused on group-based, cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) interventions among HIV-infected individuals. It begins ... More


 The Evolution of HIV Prevention in San Francisco: A Multidisciplinary Model

Margaret A. Chesney and Thomas J. Coates

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses an interdisciplinary research program: The Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) in San Francisco. CAPS was founded in 1986 with a principal emphasis on primary prevention. ... More


The Silent Stage: Encouraging the Bereaved to Express Themselves

Lynne Dale Halamish and Doron Hermoni

in The Weeping Willow: Encounters with Grief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195325379
eISBN:
9780199999811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325379.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter discusses the importance of encouraging bereaved or chronically ill patients to express themselves. It describes the case of John, an AIDS patient in his early thirties, who claimed that ... More


Summary of the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights (1996)

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

HIV/AIDS continues to spread throughout the world at an alarming rate. The widespread abuse of human rights and fundamental freedoms associated with HIV/AIDS has emerged in all parts of the world in ... More


HIV/AIDS and the Deaf Community: A Conversation

Leila Monaghan and Deborah Karp

in Deaf around the World: The Impact of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732548
eISBN:
9780199866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732548.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

In this chapter the authors converse about the HIV/AIDS epidemic in deaf communities, recommending national, not local, action with regard to funding, information dissemination, and information ... More


Cancer Incidence and Mortality in England and Wales: Trends and Risk Factors

Anthony Swerdlow, Isabel Dos Santos Silva, and Richard Doll

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627483
eISBN:
9780191723698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627483.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cancer causes a quarter of all deaths in England and Wales. There is great professional and public interest in cancer trends, but no satisfactory source to which to turn to find information about ... More


Before HIV: Sexuality, Fertility and Mortality in East Africa, 1900-1980

Shane Doyle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265338
eISBN:
9780191760488
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265338.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This book addresses two of the most important questions in modern African history: the causes of rapid population growth, and the origins of the AIDS pandemic. It examines three societies on the ... More


Religion and Global Development: Intersecting Paths

Katherine Marshall

in Religious Pluralism, Globalization, and World Politics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195323405
eISBN:
9780199869237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323405.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter focuses on religious involvement in the world of economic and social development. Here the large faith-inspired development organizations, including Catholic Caritas International, ... More


Religion and AIDS in Africa

Jenny Trinitapoli and Alexander Weinreb

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195335941
eISBN:
9780199979080
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335941.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book provides an empirical account of how religion affects the interpretation, prevention, and mitigation of AIDS in the world's most religious continent. Drawing upon their extensive fieldwork ... More


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