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ENGINEERING MORALITY

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A framework is provided for understanding the trajectory toward increasingly sophisticated artificial moral agents, emphasizing two dimensions: autonomy and sensitivity to morally relevant facts. ... More


CAN (RO)BOTS REALLY BE MORAL?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How closely could artificial agents, lacking human qualities such as consciousness and emotions, come to being considered moral agents? Chapter 4 begins by discussing the issue of whether a “mere” ... More


Accelerating AI

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on artificial intelligence (AI). The development of machine intelligence can directly improve governance, because progress in AI can help in assessing policy consequences. More ... More


Spatial Language and Dialogue

Kenny R. Coventry, Thora Tenbrink, and John Bateman (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554201
eISBN:
9780191721236
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554201.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This book considers how people talk about the location of objects and places. Spatial language has occupied many researchers across diverse fields, such as linguistics, psychology, GIScience, ... More


Fractionation of the Supervisory System

Tim Shallice

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on two supervisory processes: the top-down modulation of lower-level schemas and checking or monitoring processes. It argues that there are processes that come into play ... More


Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Adolfo Plasencia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The place of discovery and generation of human knowledge has become a somewhat fuzzy area, and it is at the crossroads of equally blurred disciplines where new glimpses of the future occur. This book ... More


Affective Engineering

Craig Delancey

in Passionate Engines: What Emotions Reveal about the Mind and Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142716
eISBN:
9780199833153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142713.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of affective engineering – the attempt to engineer affective systems – is introduced. Shallow affective engineering is defined as the recreation of outward signs or single features of ... More


Commonsense Reasoning, Logic, and Human Rationality

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147667
eISBN:
9780199785865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147669.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the most important issue for the cognitive science of reasoning is whether deduction provides a computational-level theory of a substantial amount of everyday, commonsense ... More


The 9 Pitfalls of Data Science

Gary Smith and Jay Cordes

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198844396
eISBN:
9780191879937
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844396.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

Scientific rigor and critical thinking skills are indispensable in this age of big data because machine learning and artificial intelligence are often led astray by meaningless patterns. The 9 ... More


Measuring the Intelligence of Everything

José Hernández-Orallo and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0031
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue comprising seven widely diverse sections, José Hernández-Orallo, specialist in AI, reflects on a variety of topics surrounding Natural Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence (AI): ... More


The Legal Personhood of Artificial Intelligences

Visa A.J. Kurki

in A Theory of Legal Personhood

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198844037
eISBN:
9780191879708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844037.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The chapter scrutinizes the legal personhood of artificial intelligences (AIs). It starts by distinguishing three relevant contexts. Most discussions of AI legal personhood focus either on the moral ... More


Mind over Matter: Brain-Machine Interfaces

Jose M. Carmena and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0026
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The neuroscientist and engineer, Jose M. Carmona begins this dialogue describing research in the field of brain-machine interface (BMI) and neurotechnology led by his own laboratory in UC Berkley. He ... More


We Want Robots to See and Understand the World

Antonio Torralba and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0027
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Antonio Torralba, member of MIT CSAIL, opens the dialogue by describing the research he performs in the field of computer vision and related artificial intelligence (AI). He also compares the ... More


Organization of Cortical Auditory System

Woolsey Clinton N.

in Sensory Communication

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262518420
eISBN:
9780262314213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262518420.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter shows that cortical auditory response mechanisms are organized in a much more complex way than was encompassed by the concept of a dual cortical auditory area. Within the central ... More


The Decoded Couple: Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science

John Johnston

in The Allure of Machinic Life: Cybernetics, Artificial Life, and the New AI

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262101264
eISBN:
9780262276351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262101264.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter first uncovers what underlies a peculiar and problematic aspect of the relationship between artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive science, and then traverses in detail the ... More


Artificial intelligence, the brain, and our society

Thomas P. Trappenberg

in Fundamentals of Machine Learning

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198828044
eISBN:
9780191883873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828044.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The concluding chapter is a brief venture into a more general discussion of machine learning, how it relates to artificial intelligence (AI), and the recent impact of this on society. It starts by ... More


Looking to the Future

Alan J. McComas

in Sherrington's Loom: An Introduction to the Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190936549
eISBN:
9780190936570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190936549.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter considers the question of whether or not nonliving systems can acquire consciousness. It explores contemporary advances in technology, particularly in the field of artificial ... More


The Arts and the Age of the Chip

Steven J. Osterlind

in The Error of Truth: How History and Mathematics Came Together to Form Our Character and Shape Our Worldview

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831600
eISBN:
9780191869532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831600.003.0017
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter provides the capstone to this book’s argument that humankind has adopted quantification as a worldview. It describes how quantification has permeated our lives, far beyond just academic ... More


What does it mean to be me?

Andrew Briggs, Hans Halvorson, and Andrew Steane

in It Keeps Me Seeking: The Invitation from Science, Philosophy and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198808282
eISBN:
9780191866944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808282.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The chapter poses questions about personhood, and explores them through some philosophy, extended examples from machine learning and artificial intelligence, and religious reflection. Parfit’s ... More


The Ethics of Algorithmic Outsourcing in Everyday Life

John Danaher

in Algorithmic Regulation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198838494
eISBN:
9780191874727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838494.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter focuses on one specific application of algorithmic regulation: the use of AI-based personal digital assistants. Rather than being employed as a tool for shaping the behaviour of others, ... More


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