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Introduction

Edward J. Larson

in Trial and Error: The American Controversy Over Creation and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154719
eISBN:
9780199849505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154719.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The introduction of the theory of evolution in public high schools during the 1920s resulted in a public crucade against such a measure in America. Led by the influential Democratic politician ... More


Enforcing the Law 1925–1960

Edward J. Larson

in Trial and Error: The American Controversy Over Creation and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154719
eISBN:
9780199849505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154719.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter tells the Scopes story, pointing out the judicial attitudes toward scientific and popular opinion as reflected in that litigation. The account follows the impact of the case on the ... More


Outlawing Creation 1981–1990

Edward J. Larson

in Trial and Error: The American Controversy Over Creation and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154719
eISBN:
9780199849505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154719.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the complex litigation over creation-science statutes, which culminated in the 1987 US Supreme Court decision against them in Aguillard v. Edwards. As the ultimate ... More


The Tariq Ramadan visa case

Jonathan Benthall

in Islamic Charities and Islamic Humanism in Troubled Times

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781784993085
eISBN:
9781526124005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784993085.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This Chapter describes the case of Tariq Ramadan, the Swiss-born academic and commentator on Islamic matters, who was refused a non-immigrant visa in 2005 to enter the USA in order to accept a ... More


Labor's Red Scare: The AFL and the Architecture of Anticommunism, 1939–1941

Jennifer Luff

in Commonsense Anticommunism: Labor and Civil Liberties between the World Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835418
eISBN:
9781469601717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869895_luff.14
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter discusses the two strains of labor anticommunism that emerged between 1939 and 1941: one liberal and voluntarist; and the other conservative and statutory. Liberal anti-Communists in the ... More


“Socialism on Trial”: July 1–November 18, 1941

Donna T. Haverty-Stacke

in Trotskyists on Trial: Free Speech and Political Persecution Since the Age of FDR

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479851942
eISBN:
9781479891627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479851942.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Chapter 3 explores the history of the Justice Department’s securing indictments against the twenty-nine Trotskyists on July 15 and the first half of the trial, which began on October 27. It also ... More


Battling the “Gag” Act in Wartime: December 1941–December 1943

Donna T. Haverty-Stacke

in Trotskyists on Trial: Free Speech and Political Persecution Since the Age of FDR

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479851942
eISBN:
9781479891627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479851942.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Chapter 5 follows the struggles of the “18” defendants after their convictions in December 1941 as they continued to fight for the repeal of the Smith “Gag” Act. The Trotskyists and their allies on ... More


“A Test of Fire”: December 1943–November 1948

Donna T. Haverty-Stacke

in Trotskyists on Trial: Free Speech and Political Persecution Since the Age of FDR

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479851942
eISBN:
9781479891627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479851942.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Chapter 6 explores the experiences of the imprisoned defendants from December 1943 until January 1945, along with their struggle to restore their civil rights in the years immediately after their ... More


Introduction

Jennifer Luff

in Commonsense Anticommunism: Labor and Civil Liberties between the World Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835418
eISBN:
9781469601717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869895_luff.4
Subject:
History, Economic History

This book discusses labor anticommunism in the interwar years, showing how labor conservatives became reluctant civil libertarians in the 1920s and proto-McCarthyists in the late 1930s. It charts the ... More


Early Achievers on the American Left

Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones

in The American Left: Its Impact on Politics and Society since 1900

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748668878
eISBN:
9780748695218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748668878.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses the impact on politics and society of a selection of left-wing personalities in the era from the late 1890s to 1920. Jack London wrote a critique of US imperialism in 1898; John ... More


Mexican American Racial Identity, Whiteness, and Civil Rights

Carlos Kevin Blanton

in George I. Sánchez: The Long Fight for Mexican American Integration

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300190328
eISBN:
9780300210422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300190328.003.0011
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In the 1950s George I. Sánchez entered the most intense period of his civil rights activism. His civil rights organization, the ACSSP, was funded by the ACLU and took on a number of cases throughout ... More


Law and Order

Mark Krasovic

in The Newark Frontier: Community Action in the Great Society

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226352794
eISBN:
9780226352824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226352824.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter is the first of three that examine new directions in the politics of community action. Here, the post-riots rise of law and order politics in Newark is considered as an extension of ... More


Flight Attendants, Women’s Liberation, and Gay Liberation

Phil Tiemeyer

in Plane Queer: "Labor, Sexuality, and AIDS in the History of Male Flight Attendants"

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520274761
eISBN:
9780520955301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274761.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 5 examines the flight attendant corps of the 1970s, when the profession became more attuned to both women’s liberation and gay liberation. This chapter examines how women and gays ... More


Masculinity by Law

Devon W. Carbado

in Masculinities and the Law: A Multidimensional Approach

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814764039
eISBN:
9780814764046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814764039.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter examines three cases to illustrate the interaction between normative masculinity and race at the level of legal doctrine and civil rights advocacy. First, it presents a feminist critique ... More


How Sex Became a Civil Liberty

Leigh Ann Wheeler

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199754236
eISBN:
9780190254414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199754236.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Sexual revolutions have transformed American culture, society, and politics—not to mention individual lives—throughout the twentieth century. Sex radicals challenged Victorian restraint and ... More


From Skokie to Charlottesville: Tolerating versus Condoning Speech

Ulrich Baer

in What Snowflakes Get Right: Free Speech, Truth, and Equality on Campus

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190054199
eISBN:
9780190054229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190054199.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter argues that the events in Charlottesville, Virginia, in summer 2017, present a watershed moment when the general public realized that free speech can become weaponized to undercut ... More


Introduction

Leigh Ann Wheeler

in How Sex Became a Civil Liberty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199754236
eISBN:
9780190254414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199754236.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book explores how the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) helped reshaped modern sexuality and liberalism by influencing law and public discourse. It explains how issues of sexuality became ... More


“Where Else but Greenwich Village?”: Taking Sexual Liberties, 1910s–1920s

Leigh Ann Wheeler

in How Sex Became a Civil Liberty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199754236
eISBN:
9780190254414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199754236.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks into the intimate lives of the men and women who founded the early American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), including Crystal Eastman, and Roger Baldwin and his wife Madeleine ... More


“Queer Business for the Civil Liberties Union”: Defending Unconventional Speech about Sex, 1920s–1930s

Leigh Ann Wheeler

in How Sex Became a Civil Liberty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199754236
eISBN:
9780190254414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199754236.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the path followed by the leaders of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) towards defending sexual expression from the 1920s to the 1930s. More specifically, it considers ... More


“Are You Free to Read, See, and Hear?”: Creating Consumer Rights out of the First Amendment, 1940s–1960s

Leigh Ann Wheeler

in How Sex Became a Civil Liberty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199754236
eISBN:
9780190254414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199754236.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on how the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) reinterpreted the First Amendment to develop a notion of media-related consumer rights from the 1940s to the 1960s. In reframing ... More


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