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“As Un-American as Any Dictator-Ridden Country in Europe”: Seeking Democracy during the War Years, 1940–1945

Elizabeth Gritter

in River of Hope: Black Politics and the Memphis Freedom Movement, 18651954

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813144504
eISBN:
9780813145150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813144504.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

At a time of increased political opportunities for African Americans during World War II, black Memphians confronted Edward H. Crump, who attempted to further restrict their political power. He ... More


Introduction

David Lucander

in Winning the War for Democracy: The March on Washington Movement, 1941-1946

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038624
eISBN:
9780252096556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038624.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the March on Washington Movement (MOWM). MOWM was arguably the most effective African American protest organization during the Second World War, and ... More


“Poem for a Man”: King’s Unusual Request

W. Jason Miller

in Origins of the Dream: Hughes's Poetry and King's Rhetoric

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813060446
eISBN:
9780813050713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060446.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter examines a celebration for A. Philip Randolph’s 70th birthday held in Carnegie Hall on January 24, 1960. The significance of this event includes the fact that King asked Hughes to write ... More


Wartime St. Louis and the Genesis of MOWM in the Gateway City, 1942

David Lucander

in Winning the War for Democracy: The March on Washington Movement, 1941-1946

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038624
eISBN:
9780252096556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038624.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter provides a historical background to the outpouring of African American protest in wartime St. Louis. In May 1942, A. Philip Randolph and Milton Webster called a meeting at the St. Louis ... More


Conclusion: Tatsuro, “Standing Man”

Matthew M. Briones

in Jim and Jap Crow: A Cultural History of 1940s Interracial America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691129488
eISBN:
9781400842216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691129488.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This concluding chapter discusses how the postwar period had remained charged with democratic possibility, though ideological retrenchment lingered both domestically and internationally. In an ... More


Epilogue: The Memphis Blues

Darius J. Young

in Robert R. Church Jr. and the African American Political Struggle

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056272
eISBN:
9780813058061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056272.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses Church’s waning influence and subsequent shift to more radical political activism in the 1930s and 1940s. Church resigned his position at the NAACP and argued with the newly ... More


Enter the “New Crowd” Journalists

Fred Carroll

in Race News: Black Journalists and the Fight for Racial Justice in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041495
eISBN:
9780252050091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041495.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

The militant racial politics of the alternative black press and modernist sensibilities of the Harlem Renaissance seeped into the commercial black press in the 1920s as journalists reprinted and ... More


Winning the War for Democracy: The March on Washington Movement, 1941-1946

David Lucander

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038624
eISBN:
9780252096556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038624.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

Scholars regard the March on Washington Movement (MOWM) as a forerunner of the postwar Civil Rights movement. Led by the charismatic A. Philip Randolph, MOWM scored an early victory when it forced ... More


Background Benefactor: Archibald J. Carey Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement

Dennis C. Dickerson

in African American Preachers and Politics: The Careys of Chicago

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604734270
eISBN:
9781621030874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604734270.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

Starting in the 1930s and 1940s, A. Philip Randolph won the support of a small but significant cadre of African American religious intellectuals, including Howard Thurman, Sue Bailey Thurman, ... More


Double V in North Carolina: The Struggle for Racial Equality during World War II

Jerry Gershenhorn

in Louis Austin and the Carolina Times: A Life in the Long Black Freedom Struggle

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469638768
eISBN:
9781469638775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638768.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

During World War II, Austin was North Carolina’s leading advocate of the Double V strategy during World War II, fighting for victory at home against racist injustice, while supporting US efforts ... More


Opposing Injustice, First of All in Ourselves

Sarah Azaransky

in This Worldwide Struggle: Religion and the International Roots of the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190262204
eISBN:
9780190262235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190262204.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Bayard Rustin was one of the most important midcentury American religious thinkers. The chapter traces his travel through the Gold Coast (now Ghana) and Nigeria and alliances he developed between ... More


Conclusion: Only All Together Shall Any of Us Overcome

Jennifer Ritterhouse

in Discovering the South: One Man's Travels through a Changing America in the 1930s

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630946
eISBN:
9781469630960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630946.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter shows how race-baiting, red-baiting, and white southern liberals' own ambivalence made it impossible for a broad-based coalition to lead an ongoing fight for democratic social change, ... More


The Roots of Decline: The AFL-CIO in the Meany Years

Timothy J. Minchin

in Labor Under Fire: History of the AFL-CIO since 1979

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469632988
eISBN:
9781469633008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469632988.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter surveys the AFL-CIO’s history between 1955, when it was founded, and 1979, when Lane Kirkland replaced George Meany as president. For this entire period, George Meany served as ... More


“Intimate Social Contact with Negro Men”

Peter Irons

in White Men's Law: The Roots of Systemic Racism

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780190914943
eISBN:
9780197582923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190914943.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter covers the New Deal decade of the 1930s and the Greatest War decade of the 1940s. After the stock market crash in October 1929, the mounting toll of unemployment, industrial ... More


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