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Ayer’s Place in the History of Philosophy

Anthony Quinton

in Of Men and Manners: Essays Historical and Philosophical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694556
eISBN:
9780191731938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694556.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines A. J. Ayer's place in the history of philosophy. Ayer thought of himself as the main representative in his own time of the British empirical tradition, running from Hume through ... More


Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This collection of essays, written between 1957 and 1977, contains discussions of the moral philosophy of David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Friedrich Nietzsche, and some modern philosophers. It presents ... More


Oxford, 1922–1938

Leslie Mitchell

in Maurice Bowra: A Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199295845
eISBN:
9780191700729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295845.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

When Cecil Maurice Bowra talked of training the mind, this was no platitude. He meant every word. He believed that his generation had unparalleled opportunity. The constraints of Victorianism had ... More


Free Will as Involving Determinism *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There is a widely accepted view that free will is compatible with determinism, and some have even argued that free will implies determinism. The arguments of R. E. Hobart, David Hume, and A. J. Ayer, ... More


Antirealist Expressivism and Quasi-Realism

Simon Blackburn

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Expressivism is the view that the function of normative sentences is not to represent a kind of fact, but to avow attitudes, prescribe behavior, or the like. The idea can be found in David Hume. In ... More


Does Moral Subjectivism Rest on a Mistake ?

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Foot examines the moral theory known as ‘non‐cognitivism’ (a form of subjectivism). Her central thesis is that all non‐cognitivist moral theories are based on the same serious mistake. This mistake ... More


Isaiah Berlin 1909–1997

Alan Ryan

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 130, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, IV

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263501
eISBN:
9780191734212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263501.003.0001
Subject:
History, Historiography

Isaiah Berlin (1909–1997), a Fellow of the British Academy, was an extraordinary obituarist and memorialist. In the 1930s, Berlin was part of a small group of young and iconoclastic philosophers that ... More


Logic, “Liberty”, and the Metaphysics of Responsibility

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents a critical discussion of the classical interpretation of Hume's compatibilist strategy. It argues, in particular, that the classical interpretation fails to provide a ... More


On Strawson's Rehabilitation of Metaphysic s

P. M. S Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The logical positivists’ critical attitude towards metaphysics is sketched. Strawson’s conception of descriptive and revisionary metaphysics is described. Revisionary metaphysics is argued to be ... More


Neither Discovered Nor Created II: Beauty, Truth, and Goodness

Jon Cogburn

in Garcian Meditations: The Dialectics of Persistence in Form and Object

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474415910
eISBN:
9781474434942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474415910.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter IX explores how appeal to intensity and his basic metaphysical machinery gives rise to Garcia’s account of Aquinas’ basic trinity of beauty, truth, and goodness. For Garcia, beauty is an ... More


Causation, Compulsion, and Compatibilism

Paul Russell

in The Limits of Free Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190627607
eISBN:
9780190627638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190627607.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines certain salient features of the influential compatibilist position that is widely associated with the views of several leading figures of the empiricist tradition (Hobbes, Hume, ... More


Truth

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in The Rift in The Lute: Attuning Poetry and Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198797265
eISBN:
9780191838767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797265.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Criticism/Theory

What makes reconciliation between poetry and the speech act approach in analytic philosophy desirable is the fact that philosophy has tended to adopt a truth-orientated approach to poetic utterances. ... More


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