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Past and Present

Andy Rotman

in Thus I Have Seen: Visualizing Faith in Early Indian Buddhism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195366150
eISBN:
9780199867882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366150.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Chapter 7 returns to the Koṭikarṇa-avadāna and considers what monastics say about seeing the Buddha and what they do when confronted with the opportunity. The chapter then focuses on two accounts ... More


Aśoka and the Decline of the Mauryas

Romila Thapar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077244
eISBN:
9780199081073
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077244.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This volume is about the history of the decline of the Mauryan dynasty in ancient India and the reign of Aśoka Maurya. It describes the sources of information for this study and Aśoka's early life, ... More


 The Story of King Aśoka

Stephen C. Berkwitz

in The History of the Buddha's Relic Shrine: A Translation of the Sinhala Thūpavaṃsa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195301397
eISBN:
9780199785100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301397.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter presents an English translation of the Sinhala Thūpavaṃsa, focusing on King Asoka's service to the Buddha's Dispensation. As in many Theravāda texts, Asoka is depicted as a pious ... More


Dharma: Its Early History in Law, Religion, and Narrative

Alf Hiltebeitel

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195394238
eISBN:
9780199897452
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394238.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

From a verbal root meaning “to hold” or “uphold,” dharma is taken to have been the main term by which Buddhism and Hinduism came, over about five centuries, to describe their distinctive visions of ... More


Early Indian Art Reconsidered

Frederick M. Asher

in Between the Empires: Society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305326
eISBN:
9780199850884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305326.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

By the early 1920s, the chronology of early Indian art had been essentially established. This chronology, based on monuments assumed to be dated by inscription, has been widely accepted since then ... More


Aśvaghoṣa's Buddhacarita: A Buddhist Reading of the Sanskrit Epics and Their Treatments of Dharma

Alf Hiltebeitel

in Dharma: Its Early History in Law, Religion, and Narrative

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195394238
eISBN:
9780199897452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394238.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter on Aśvaghoṣa's Buddhacarita returns to the question of biography, and takes up the centrality of dharma in this text. Aśvaghoṣa, a Brahmin convert to Buddhism and a versatile ... More


Aśoka Maurya

Alf Hiltebeitel

in Dharma: Its Early History in Law, Religion, and Narrative

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195394238
eISBN:
9780199897452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394238.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter treats Aśoka Maurya as the “watershed” figure in the history of dharma. It observes that a history of classical Buddhist and Brahmanical dharma texts must effectively begin with his ... More


A Well-Sanitized Shroud: Asceticism and Institutional Values in the Middle Period of Buddhist Monasticism

Gregory Schopen

in Between the Empires: Society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305326
eISBN:
9780199850884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305326.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

There is no evidence for Buddhist monasticism either before or during the Mauryan period. To judge by his inscriptions and the language used in them, Aśoka himself did not know anything about ... More


Gṛhastha: The Householder in Ancient Indian Religious Culture

Patrick Olivelle (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190696153
eISBN:
9780190696184
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696153.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, World Religions

Much has been written about the Indian ascetic, but hardly any scholarly attention has been paid to the householder, generally referred to in Sanskrit as gṛhastha, “the stay-at-home.” The institution ... More


Lumbinī: The Buddha Is Born

Donald S. Lopez Jr.

in Hyecho's Journey: The World of Buddhism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226517902
eISBN:
9780226518060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226518060.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter considers Hyecho’s visit to what he calls Kapila, the city where the Buddha is said to have grown up. What he seems to describe, however, is nearby Lumbinī, the place of the Buddha’ ... More


King Aśoka’s Dhaṃma

Alf Hiltebeitel

in Dharma

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834661
eISBN:
9780824870713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834661.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter looks at King Aśoka's dhaṃma. Aśoka was not just a king but an emperor, and he used his edicts to broadcast an imperial program. Chronologically, Aśoka's edicts were written between ... More


The Term Gṛhastha and the (Pre)history of the Householder

Stephanie W. Jamison

in Gṛhastha: The Householder in Ancient Indian Religious Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190696153
eISBN:
9780190696184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696153.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, World Religions

This chapter investigates the words for “householder” in Vedic and early Dharma texts, pointing out that the standard word for “householder” in the latter, Sanskrit gṛhastha, is not found in previous ... More


Pāṣaṇḍa: Religious Communities in the Aśokan Inscriptions and Early Literature

Joel P. Brereton

in Gṛhastha: The Householder in Ancient Indian Religious Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190696153
eISBN:
9780190696184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696153.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, World Religions

This chapter studies the term pāṣaṇḍa and its Middle Indic equivalents in literature from the last centuries BCE through the first centuries of the Common Era. In later Brahminical and ... More


Gṛhastha in Aśoka’s Classification of Religious People

Patrick Olivelle

in Gṛhastha: The Householder in Ancient Indian Religious Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190696153
eISBN:
9780190696184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696153.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, World Religions

Aśoka in his inscriptions (3rd century BCE) uses the term pāṣaṇḍa to refer to organized religious groups, prominent among whose members were the homeless ascetics (pravrajita). He also refers to ... More


Gṛhastha, Āśrama, and the Origin of Dharmaśāstra

Patrick Olivelle

in Gṛhastha: The Householder in Ancient Indian Religious Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190696153
eISBN:
9780190696184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696153.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, World Religions

This chapter proposes a new theory on the origin of the āśrama system and of the literature of Dharmaśāstra. The distinction between gṛhastha and pravrajita, given in the Aśokan inscriptions and ... More


Cross-Cultural Communication in the Hellenistic Mediterranean and Western and South Asia

Matthew Canepa

in Mercury's Wings: Exploring Modes of Communication in the Ancient World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780195386844
eISBN:
9780199983414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386844.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter deals with West–Asian cross-cultural interaction that developed during the Hellenistic period in the aftermath of Alexander’s conquest of the Persian Empire as the land and sea routes ... More


The Snake and the Mongoose at the Horizon of Indian History

Nathan McGovern

in The Snake and the Mongoose: The Emergence of Identity in Early Indian Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190640798
eISBN:
9780190640828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190640798.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter explains what we can know about the history of India in the time period under consideration (appx. 5th–2nd centuries BCE) and situates the firm evidence we have for antagonism between ... More


Taming the Snake and the Mongoose of Indian History

Nathan McGovern

in The Snake and the Mongoose: The Emergence of Identity in Early Indian Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190640798
eISBN:
9780190640828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190640798.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter shows that, as we “peer over the horizon” of Indian history, most of the evidence we have for the use of the categories Brahman and śramaṇa together in Indian sources actually does not ... More


Inscriptions as Historical Writing in Early India: Third Century BC to Sixth Century AD

Romila Thapar

in The Oxford History of Historical Writing: Volume 1: Beginnings to AD 600

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199218158
eISBN:
9780191804243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199218158.003.0025
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the development of inscriptions as historical writing in early India, covering the period from third century BC to sixth century AD. The earliest deciphered inscriptions are ... More


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