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Introduction

Richard Coopey and Donald Clarke

in 3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter provides a historical perspective of the development of 3i and its impact on British industry. The institution, established initially as the Industrial and Commercial Finance Corporation ... More


3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Richard Coopey and Donald Clarke

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

3i (Investors in Industry, and formerly the Industrial and Commercial Finance Corporation, etc.) is Britain's leading venture capital company. Founded in 1945 as a result of a combination of ... More


Inventing the Wheel: 3i as Innovator

Donald Clarke

in 3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter presents various examples that serve to illustrate the anomalous position 3i occupies in the financial system. Its unusual nature is derived from a combination of characteristics. It ... More


The International Dimension: A Global Macmillan Gap

Donald Clarke

in 3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

In the British financial system the separation of government and the private sector is exemplified by the continuing mutual distrust of the City and Whitehall; but it is the City which provides the ... More


Doing Well by Doing Good

Donald Clarke

in 3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.003.0017
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Reconciling the national interest, embodied in its support of the small business sector with the commercial imperatives of making an adequate return for its shareholders, has been the ambition of ... More


Identifying the Gap: The Origins of 3i

Richard Coopey

in 3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Many of the broader explanations for problems in the British economy can be encapsulated within a criticism of the functioning of the financial system — a bias against industry and technology, and ... More


Remaking the Image

Richard Coopey

in 3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The 1980s presented 3i with a range of challenges, arising from enhanced competition and a radically expanding market-place, and from a need to rethink fundamentally questions of ownership and ... More


Competition, Expansion, and the Enterprise Culture

Richard Coopey

in 3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The swings between recession and recovery in the British economy directly affected both 3i and its customers, creating cycles of expansion and retrenchment. In addition to generating these market ... More


Back to the Core: The Flotation Imperative

Richard Coopey

in 3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Difficulties had been encountered with various aspects of the venture capital market. Against accusations of conservatism from some quarters of the venture capital industry 3i could point out that it ... More


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