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A Brief History of the 1989 Movement

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226982601
eISBN:
9780226982625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Before analyzing how state-society relations contributed to the development of the 1989 Beijing Student Movement in China, it is important to know more precisely how the movement unfolded. This ... More


State-Society Relations and the Discourses and Activities of a Movement

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226982601
eISBN:
9780226982625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The May 4th Movement of 1919, the December 9th Movement of 1935–1936, and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement are the three largest student movements in the history of twentieth-century China. Why did ... More


State Legitimacy, State Behaviors, and Movement Development

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226982601
eISBN:
9780226982625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

During the 1989 Beijing Student Movement, the Chinese government went back and forth several times between policies of concession and repression, neither of which was successful. Eventually, the ... More


Ecology-Based Mobilization and Movement Dynamics

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226982601
eISBN:
9780226982625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

A central question in social movement research has been that of the mechanisms of participant mobilization. Since the 1970s, social movement scholars have put great emphasis on the role of formal ... More


The State, Movement Communication, and the Construction of Public Opinion

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226982601
eISBN:
9780226982625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Media coverage of a social movement, and the way it is covered, have been crucial to the public awareness, support, and development of social movements. Although there are significant differences ... More


Introduction

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226982601
eISBN:
9780226982625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

On the morning of April 22, 1989, seven days after the emergence of the 1989 Beijing Student Movement, a state funeral was held for Hu Yaobang inside the Great Hall of the People. The previous night, ... More


On the Eve of the 1989 Movement

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226982601
eISBN:
9780226982625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

By the late 1980s, China's economic reform had gone into a deep crisis. Inflation and corruption hounded Chinese society. People's confidence in the reform was at its lowest point, and grievances ... More


Intellectual Elites and the 1989 Movement

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226982601
eISBN:
9780226982625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The 1989 Beijing Student Movement was framed around issues concerning the economic crisis and pro-democratic political reform in China. While the rank-and-file students provided manpower, it was the ... More


Conclusion

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226982601
eISBN:
9780226982625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter discusses three issues: First, in sharp contrast to its repeated political upheavals during the 1980s, China exhibited a prolonged period of political stability in the 1990s. Second, ... More


China's State-Society Relations and Their Changes During the 1980s

Dingxin Zhao

in The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226982601
eISBN:
9780226982625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter examines how particular state-society relations contributed to the rise of the 1989 Beijing Student Movement and shaped its development. It first looks at the history of China's ... More


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