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“Grave Danger”: The Allies Challenge MacArthur

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Analyzes The Far Eastern Commission's objection to MacArthur's arbitrary approval of the March 6 draft and his plan to elect a new Diet in April to approve it. The FEC challenge threatened ... More


Challenging Kitsch Equality: William Gaddis’s and Elizabeth Bishop’s “Neo” Rear-Guard Art

Lisa Siraganian

in Modernism’s Other Work: The Art Object’s Political Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796557
eISBN:
9780199932542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796557.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter considers changing conceptions of the art object when theorizations of framed, airless art enter the post-war era as adaptable and consumable “styles” competing with one another in the ... More


The Lobbyists *: Need For Legislation

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the need to regulate lobbying in India. It discusses the case of the United States, where senators and Congressmen hold themselves out as guns for hire to both domestic ... More


‘Two Souls in My Breast:’ Trial and Execution

Catherine Epstein

in Model Nazi: Arthur Greiser and the Occupation of Western Poland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199546411
eISBN:
9780191701429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546411.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Greiser's Polish trial. When Greiser fled the Warthegau, his active life as a Nazi official was over. He spent the rest of his life defending his past actions to Nazi leaders ... More


The General Practitioner and Professional Organizations

Michael Drury

in General Practice under the National Health Service, 1948–1997: The First Fifty Years

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206750
eISBN:
9780191677304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206750.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the professional organizations that represented general practitioners and how all of these organizations were opposed to the National Health Service Bill when it was introduced ... More


Shortages and Strikes, 1945–1948

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

After earning the nickname "The Arsenal of Democracy" during WWII, Detroit’s auto plants experienced production disruptions during postwar reconversion to civilian production. This meant significant ... More


Rumors of Empire: Tracking the Image of Britain at the Dawn of the American Century

James T. Sparrow

in Boundaries of the State In Us History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226277646
eISBN:
9780226277813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226277813.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

In its pursuit of globalism during and after WWII, the United States abandoned foundational political traditions by entering an “entangling alliance” with Great Britain, and then supplanting its ... More


The Chinese Trap

Stein Tønnesson

in Vietnam 1946: How the War Began

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520256026
eISBN:
9780520944602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256026.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

The March 6 agreement is always connected in the literature with the wars in Vietnam. It is often seen as a sign of a temporary French moderation which has tragic consequences, and it was later on ... More


The contributory schemes and the coming of the National Health Service

Martin Gorsky, John Mohan, and Tim Willis

in Mutualism and Health Care: Hospital Contributory Schemes in Twentieth-century Britain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065781
eISBN:
9781781701423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065781.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter explores the responses of both the British Hospitals Contributory Schemes Association (BHCSA) and individual hospital contributory schemes to plans for the creation of a new health ... More


Good Years: The Preparation

John Kenneth Galbraith and James K. Galbraith

in Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171661
eISBN:
9781400889082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171661.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the fiscal and monetary achievements of the period between 1948 and 1967. These two decades were without panic, crisis, depression or more than minor recession. It was during ... More


A Company Man

Brent Phillips

in Charles Walters: The Director Who Made Hollywood Dance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813147215
eISBN:
9780813151502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813147215.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The chapter explores Walters’ role as prolific stager of musical sequences at M-G-M and discusses the studio’s insistence for lengthy rehearsal periods. In Broadway Rhythm he creates showcases for ... More


Presidents, the Federal Budget, and Economic Good, 1946–2008

Iwan Morgan

in The President and American Capitalism Since 1945

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813056524
eISBN:
9780813053455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056524.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Especially since passage of the Employment Act of 1946, American presidents have used the federal budget to promote economic growth. They frequently raised or lowered taxes to stimulate or curtail ... More


The Birth and First Developments of Italy’s Democratic Republican Citizenship (1946–1950)

Sabina Donati (ed.)

in A Political History of National Citizenship and Identity in Italy, 1861-1950

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804784511
eISBN:
9780804787338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784511.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the genesis of Italy’s republican citizenship in 1946 and its first historical developments up to 1950. Highlighting fundamental aspects related to the postwar settlement, to ... More


Ambassadors of Foreign Policy, 1945–1950

D. Clayton Brown

in King Cotton in Modern America: A Cultural, Political, and Economic History since 1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604737981
eISBN:
9781604737998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604737981.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes efforts to restore the cotton industry’s foreign markets. Topics covered include the role of the American Cotton Shippers Association; the first cotton man in Europe, Robert ... More


Sales

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter stresses the uneasy relationship between the U.S. government and industry in developing the civilian uses of atomic energy. The partially public, partially private nature of nuclear ... More


Defense

David G. Marr

in Vietnam: State, War, and Revolution (1945–1946)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520274150
eISBN:
9780520954977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274150.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 3 assumes a militarized scope of the many war tactics and strategies employed by the DRV in 1945 and 1946. It details the geographic, economic, and physical impediments experienced by the DRV ... More


Revolutionary Thought Reform: The Communist Version, 1946–1956

Jan Kiely

in The Compelling Ideal: Thought Reform and the Prison in China, 1901-1956

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300185942
eISBN:
9780300186376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300185942.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

Beginning with an account of the accelerated expansion of the penal reformation and thought reform systems under Kuomintang and Communist authorities amid the late 1940s civil war, this chapter ... More


1946

Werner Heisenberg and Elisabeth Heisenberg

Anna Maria Hirsch-Heisenberg (ed.)

in My Dear Li: Correspondence, 1937-1946

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300196931
eISBN:
9780300225013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300196931.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter details the letters exchanged between January and June of 1946. These chronicle the family’s difficulties and separation from Werner in the aftermath of the war, as the family struggles ... More


War, Revolution, and Political Realignment

Charlotte Brooks

in Between Mao and McCarthy: Chinese American Politics in the Cold War Years

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226193564
eISBN:
9780226193731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226193731.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter Two explores the political ferment in Chinese American communities during and immediately after World War Two. Chinese politics remained a major obsession, and the Chinese civil war split the ... More


Three Decades in Exile: Sri Lankan Tamils in India

Abhijit Dasgupta

in Displacement and Exile: The State-Refugee Relations in India

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199461172
eISBN:
9780199086986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199461172.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies), Population and Demography

In this chapter the state–refugee relations have been examined in the context of repatriation of refugees to Sri Lanka on two occasions: in 1987 after the signing of the Peace Accord between India ... More


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