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Calvin and Calvinism within Congregational and Unitarian Discourse in Nineteenth-Century America

David D. Hall

in John Calvin's American Legacy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390971
eISBN:
9780199777099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390971.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

At the end of the first-ever National Council of Congregational Churches (1865), Congregationalists were reluctant to embrace either the figure of John Calvin or the words that descend from him ... More


The Boston Council of 1865

Margaret Bendroth

in The Last Puritans: Mainline Protestants and the Power of the Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624006
eISBN:
9781469624020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624006.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter demonstrates how the Boston meeting of 1865 echoed a long and complicated argument about the past in American culture. It argues that beneath all of the disagreements, discussions, and ... More


Morant Bay: The End of an Era

William A. Green

in British Slave Emancipation

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202783
eISBN:
9780191675515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202783.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter focuses on the upheaval in Morant Bay. The Morant Bay uprising, its brutal repression, and the reaction to those events in England and the colonies brought into focus the great ... More


Hong Kong Becomes Cosmopolitan

Patricia Lim

in Forgotten Souls: A Social History of the Hong Kong Cemetery

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099906
eISBN:
9789882207714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099906.003.0018
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter discusses how Hong Kong became cosmopolitan. It can be noted that by 1865 the country no longer occupied the premier position on the China Coast, because there were other treaty ports ... More


Re-Ordered Spaces

Robert Cassanello

in To Render Invisible: Jim Crow and Public Life in New South Jacksonville

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044194
eISBN:
9780813046495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044194.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

The Civil War created conditions in Jacksonville where public spaces in the city were more democratized for black residents. At the same time, the U.S. military emerged as a mediator between citizens ... More


Henry Timrod’s Global Confederacy

Christopher Hanlon

in America’s England: Antebellum Literature and Atlantic Sectionalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199937585
eISBN:
9780199333103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937585.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter offers a reading of Henry Timrod’s 1860 “The Cotton Boll” and 1861 “Ethnogenesis,” two poems that effectively disarticulate Confederate nationhood from the westwardly expanding mythos of ... More


Introduction

Christopher B. Bean

in Too Great a Burden to Bear: The Struggle and Failure of the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823268757
eISBN:
9780823271771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268757.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter briefly chronicles the genesis of the Freedmen’s Bureau and its vague mandate. This vagueness ultimately allowed field agents to improvise and adapt as circumstances developed. A very ... More


“A Stranger Amongst Strangers”: Who Were the Subassistant Commissioners?

Christopher B. Bean

in Too Great a Burden to Bear: The Struggle and Failure of the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823268757
eISBN:
9780823271771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268757.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines the 239 subassistant commissioners. Although brief vignettes of the more notable agents exist, the majority of the chapter comprises graphs and charts of the agents’ ages, ... More


“The Post of Greatest Peril”: The E. M. Gregory Era, September 1865–April 1866

Christopher B. Bean

in Too Great a Burden to Bear: The Struggle and Failure of the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823268757
eISBN:
9780823271771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268757.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines the brief, yet formative, tenure of the Texas Bureau’s first assistant commissioner, E. M. Gregory. It chronicles the appointment of the first subassistant commissioners, ... More


Conservative Phoenix: The J. B. Kiddoo Era, May 1866–Summer 1866

Christopher B. Bean

in Too Great a Burden to Bear: The Struggle and Failure of the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823268757
eISBN:
9780823271771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268757.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines the beginning of the J. B. Kiddoo tenure. It begins with the beneficial and adverse effects Kiddoo’s new policy has on subordinates. He focuses subordinates to greater attention ... More


Bureau Expansion, Bureau Courts, and the Black Code: The J. B. Kiddoo Era, Summer 1866–November 1866

Christopher B. Bean

in Too Great a Burden to Bear: The Struggle and Failure of the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823268757
eISBN:
9780823271771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268757.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines the Bureau’s expansion and renewal. Kiddoo could now offer agents salaries. Kiddoo shied from those with no military experience, believing those with martial experience more ... More


The Bureau’s Highwater Mark: The J. B. Kiddoo Era, November 1866–January 1867

Christopher B. Bean

in Too Great a Burden to Bear: The Struggle and Failure of the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823268757
eISBN:
9780823271771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268757.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

The Bureau’s apex is chronicled here. It became a true bureaucracy: numerous paperwork and, at times, inefficiency. Agents discovered this firsthand. It chronicles the domestic issues brought for ... More


Abraham Lincoln Moral Leader: The Second Inaugural as America's Sermon to the World

Harry S. Stout

in Lincoln and Leadership: Military, Political, and Religious Decision Making

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823243440
eISBN:
9780823243488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243440.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter by Harry S. Stout addresses Lincoln’s place as a moral leader by emphasizing the significance of Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address as a reflection of his evolving understanding of ... More


Introduction

Caroline E. Janney

in Petersburg to Appomattox: The End of the War in Virginia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640761
eISBN:
9781469640785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640761.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter offers an overview of the end of the Petersburg siege and the subsequent Appomattox Campaign in the winter and spring of 1865.


Lucky Inspiration: Philip Sheridan’s Uncertain Road to Triumph with the Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac

Wayne Wei-Siang Hsieh

in Petersburg to Appomattox: The End of the War in Virginia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640761
eISBN:
9781469640785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640761.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This essay explores how Philip Sheridan's operations during the Appomattox campaign represented the culmination of an evolutionary process of the Union cavalry arm in the East from 1861 though the ... More


Outraged Manhood of Our Age: The Postwar Antipornography Campaign

Judith Giesberg

in Sex and the Civil War: Soldiers, Pornography, and the Making of American Morality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631271
eISBN:
9781469631295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631271.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

In February 1865, Congress passed the first ever federal antipornography law as a war measure intended to preserve the morality and secure the fighting strength of men serving in the U.S. Army. But ... More


Clausius and the road to entropy

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0034
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

After a brief recap of how we got to this chapter on Rudolf Clausius, including a discussion on why two laws are needed to govern the maximum performance of Carnot’s engine, the critical question is ... More


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