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A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Owen Chadwick

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This history of the ninteenth‐century popes covers the papacies of Gregory XVI, Pius IX, Leo XIII and Pius X in their religious and political aspects. The period was dominated by the question of ... More


1848 in European Collective Memory

Robert Gildea

in The Revolutions in Europe, 1848–1849: From Reform to Reaction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199249978
eISBN:
9780191697852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249978.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the ways in which the revolutions of 1848 have been remembered, ways which have been formed around the celebration of key anniversaries. The first myth constructed around the ... More


The Turning Point

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear: From Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199653577
eISBN:
9780191744594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Ideas

It is explained how Chartism in Britain signalled the emergence of the working class as a major political force: Chartism is repressed and appeased to defeat. Marx's response to the Prussian United ... More


The Revolutions in Europe, 1848–1849: From Reform to Reaction

Robert Evans and Hartmut Pogge von Strandmann

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199249978
eISBN:
9780191697852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249978.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapters in this book arose out of lectures given in Oxford to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the 1848 revolutions in Europe. They comprise summaries of the existing site of knowledge, as ... More


The Madness of Count Stadion; or, Austria Between Revolution and Reaction

John Deak

in Forging A Multinational State: State Making in Imperial Austria from the Enlightenment to the First World War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804795579
eISBN:
9780804795937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795579.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter abstract: In March 1848, revolution came to the Habsburg lands driving the forces of reaction underground. Revolution might have forced the government to act, but the empire's officials ... More


Students, Professors, and Politics

R. D. Anderson

in European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206606
eISBN:
9780191717307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Between 1815 and 1848, the forces of liberalism and nationalism contended with those of reaction orchestrated by the Austrian chancellor Metternich. Governments generally expected universities to ... More


A Liberal Pope, 1846–1848

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The election of Pius IX in 1846 aroused great enthusiasm among liberals and nationalists in Italy, and the evidence indicates that for the first two years of his papacy, until the Roman Revolution of ... More


The United States and the Revolutions of 1848

Timothy M. Roberts and Daniel W. Howe

in The Revolutions in Europe, 1848–1849: From Reform to Reaction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199249978
eISBN:
9780191697852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249978.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In 1848, most Americans did not believe their own country needed the kind of revolution Continental Europe was having. Their reactions to the revolutions nevertheless reveal much about their own ... More


Egalitarian Millennialism: Marx the Rooster and Marxism (Nineteenth Century ce)

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Beginning with a discussion of Babeuf's Communist variant on the (failed) French Revolution, the chapter analyzes Marx as a “rooster” (a secular Joachite) whose prophecies of a world revolution in ... More


The Revolution of 1848–1849 in France

Geoffrey Ellis

in The Revolutions in Europe, 1848–1849: From Reform to Reaction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199249978
eISBN:
9780191697852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249978.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The French revolution of 24–6 February 1848 was not the first of the many uprisings in Europe during that year. Those troubles had started in the Italian peninsula, when a revolt in Palermo on 12 ... More


The Revolution That Failed

Jay Bergman

in The French Revolutionary Tradition in Russian and Soviet Politics, Political Thought, and Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198842705
eISBN:
9780191878619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842705.003.0013
Subject:
History, Political History, Cultural History

Chapter 13 describes the lessons Marx and Engels, as well as contemporaneous Russian revolutionaries such as Herzen, Kropotkin, and Bakunin, drew from the failure of the Revolution of 1848 in France. ... More


A Model Republic? The United States in the Italian Revolutions of 1848

Axel Körner

in America in Italy: The United States in the Political Thought and Imagination of the Risorgimento, 1763-1865

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691164854
eISBN:
9781400887811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164854.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how protagonists of the Italian revolutions of 1848, including Giuseppe Montanelli and Carlo Cattaneo, engaged with American political institutions by looking at the cases of ... More


On the Altar of Freedom: Moravian Jewry and the Revolution of 1848

in Rabbis and Revolution: The Jews of Moravia in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770569
eISBN:
9780804776523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770569.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

The Jews of Moravia, like the Jews in the rest of the Habsburg monarchy, were emancipated during the Revolution of 1848. This chapter discusses the Revolution of 1848 and Samson Raphael Hirsch's ... More


The Revolutions of 1848–1849 in Italy

Denis Mack Smith

in The Revolutions in Europe, 1848–1849: From Reform to Reaction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199249978
eISBN:
9780191697852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249978.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The revolutionary year opened in an Italy that was divided into independent states. Apart from the miniscule principalities of San Marino and Monaco, there were three kingdoms, three sovereign ... More


Subversive and Revolutionary Funerals 1800–1870

Avner Ben-Amos

in Funerals, Politics, and Memory in Modern France, 1789–1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203285
eISBN:
9780191675836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203285.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The end of the revolutionary decade opened a period during which the freedom of expression of the republican opposition was severely curtailed. The hostility of the authorities toward public ... More


Revolutionary Springtime

Jonathan Beecher

in Victor Considerant and the Rise and Fall of French Romantic Socialism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520222977
eISBN:
9780520924727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222977.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the political experiences of Victor Considerant relevant to the French Revolution of 1848. It explains that though Considerant was in Paris to participate in the revolution, ... More


Venice and Venetia under the Habsburgs: 1815-1835

David Laven

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205746
eISBN:
9780191717147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205746.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This work deals principally with the fate of Venice and Venetia during the first twenty years of the so-called second Austrian domination. It begins by providing background to the period, by ... More


Revolution and Republic (1848–50)

Wendy S. Mercer

in The Life and Travels of Xavier Marmier (1808-1892): Bringing World Literature to France

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263884
eISBN:
9780191734830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263884.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The February days of the 1848 revolution forced Marmier to be confined to Paris. Salvandy lost his portfolio in the change of government, and was replaced by Falloux, a liberal Catholic. After ... More


Revolution

Lucy Riall

in Under the Volcano: Empire and Revolution in a Sicilian Town

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646494
eISBN:
9780191744815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646494.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

In 1848, a revolution broke out in Palermo that was the starting-point for a European wide conflagration. During the two years (1848–49) of revolution, the exercise of power was transformed, and the ... More


Illuminate All Eyes: Colonial Markets and the Problem of Freedom

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter examines the two men's involvement in colonial trade and slavery. Biot developed an optical device — the saccharimeter — that became a crucial part of the colonial sugar industry, used ... More


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