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Prehension

Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

in Human Hand Function

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173154
eISBN:
9780199786749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews experimental studies of prehension that have examined how the arm reaches and the hand configured to grasp and manipulate objects. It considers the kinematics of arm, hand, and ... More


Early Greek Infantry Fighting in a Mediterranean Context

Kurt A. Raaflaub

in Men of Bronze: Hoplite Warfare in Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143019
eISBN:
9781400846306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143019.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter highlights ideas on early Greek infantry fighting in a Mediterranean context. It places the emergence of hoplite warfare as part of a long interactive process associated with the rise of ... More


Large Weapons, Small Greeks: The Practical Limitations of Hoplite Weapons and Equipment

Adam Schwartz

in Men of Bronze: Hoplite Warfare in Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143019
eISBN:
9781400846306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143019.003.0008
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter argues that the defining elements of the hoplite were the spear and, above all, the double-grip shield. Other items of the panoply were subject to much change and innovation over the ... More


The License to Fail

Solly Angel

in The Tale of the Scale: An Odyssey of Invention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195158687
eISBN:
9780199849826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158687.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

There was no doubt that completing the development of the load cell was the first and highest priority; that the survival of the scale project hinged on the invention of an accurate and affordable ... More


Manual skill

Richard Passingham

in What is special about the human brain?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230136
eISBN:
9780191696428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230136.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Among the many similarities between the physical attributes of humans and monkeys, they have one specific trait that benefits them both — the opposable thumb. Unlike other mammals, the opposable ... More


A life course approach to physical capability

Rachel Cooper, Rebecca Hardy, Avan Aihie Sayer, and Diana Kuh

in A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Maintaining physical capability, the capacity to undertake the physical tasks of daily living, is a key component of healthy biological ageing and highly valued by older people. Physical capability ... More


A life course approach to biomarkers of ageing

Carmen Martin-Ruiz and Thomas von Zglinicki

in A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The challenge of devising a set of biomarkers capable of measuring the ageing rate in humans was articulated long ago. Despite major concerted efforts, progress so far has been limited. In recent ... More


Waiting in Crisis

Ruthann Knechel Johansen

in Listening in the Silence, Seeing in the Dark: Reconstructing Life after Brain Injury

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520231146
eISBN:
9780520927766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231146.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The feelings of all Erik's family members were intense after his accident. Erik's sister Sonia had started to keep a diary, in which she intended to record her thoughts and feelings as she ... More


The Tender Lives of Vitti/Vittoria

Timothy C. Campbell

in The Techne of Giving: Cinema and the Generous Form of Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823273256
eISBN:
9780823273300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823273256.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

In this final chapter, the Italian actress Monica Vitti is read as the generous form of life par excellance in three of Antonioni’s most important films: L’avventura, La notte, and L’eclisse. The ... More


Conclusion: Attention, Not Autopsy

Timothy C. Campbell

in The Techne of Giving: Cinema and the Generous Form of Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823273256
eISBN:
9780823273300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823273256.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This brief chapter summarizes the book’s argument as essentially the following: in a number of films from Italy, a drama is played out between the camera’s power to make visible forms of life and ... More


Approaching apraxia from the motor side

in Apraxia: The Cognitive side of motor control

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199591510
eISBN:
9780191756344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591510.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Essentially, two approaches have been undertaken for documenting and analyzing motor mechanisms at the micro level that possibly underlie the visible errors justifying a diagnosis of apraxia: ... More


Getting it all together

Melvyn Goodale and David Milner

in Sight Unseen: An Exploration of Conscious and Unconscious Vision

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199596966
eISBN:
9780191753008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596966.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The two systems evolved together and play complementary roles in the control of behavior. The constant interplay between the two streams is something that can be seen in almost everything we do. A ... More


The Munich Pact

in The Nazi Symbiosis: Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226891767
eISBN:
9780226891798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226891798.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the deal made by Ernst Rüdin of the German Research Institute for Psychiatry (GRIP) in Munich, Germany with Nazi officials, analyzing this so-called Munich Pact to understand ... More


Conclusion The Road Not Taken Elsewhere: Was There Something Unique about Human Heredity During the Third Reich?

in The Nazi Symbiosis: Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226891767
eISBN:
9780226891798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226891798.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter, which sums up the key findings of this study about the “Faustian bargain” made by German geneticists with Nazi officials, suggests that the main factor in this deal is the way human ... More


Jumping, Climbing and Suspensory Locomotion

Andrew A. Biewener and Shelia N. Patek (eds)

in Animal Locomotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198743156
eISBN:
9780191803031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743156.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

Jumping, climbing and suspensory locomotion are specialized locomotor mechanisms used on land and in the air. Jumping is used for rapid launches from substrates. Climbing and suspensory movements ... More


Writing

Mark Selikowitz

in Dyslexia and Other Learning Difficulties: The Facts

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780192622990
eISBN:
9780191918391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192622990.003.0013
Subject:
Education, Teaching of Specific Groups and Special Educational Needs

When David was 12 years old it became apparent that he was having significant difficulty writing. He struggled on, but his writing did not improve and he was regularly having his work returned by ... More


Introduction and Historical Background

Norman I. Badler, Cary B. Phillips, and Bonnie Lynn Webber

in Simulating Humans: Computer Graphics, Animation, and Control

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195073591
eISBN:
9780197560273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195073591.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Game Studies

People are all around us. They inhabit our home, workplace, entertainment, and environment. Their presence and actions are noted or ignored, enjoyed or disdained, analyzed or prescribed. The very ... More


Fidelity, Change, and the Good Constitution

James E. Fleming

in Fidelity to Our Imperfect Constitution: For Moral Readings and Against Originalisms

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199793372
eISBN:
9780199364411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793372.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The inclusiveness of the new originalism—and its concessions regarding construction and multiple modalities requiring judgments not determined by original public meaning—has provoked discontent ... More


The Bow, Creator of Sound

Walter S. Reiter

in The Baroque Violin & Viola: A Fifty-Lesson Course Volume I

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780190922696
eISBN:
9780197528662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190922696.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

The art of playing the Baroque violin is primarily the art of the bow, for without the bow, the violin is silent. This lesson discusses the intrinsic qualities of the old bow and explains why the ... More


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