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A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Stefan Winter

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The ʻAlawis, or Alawites, are a prominent religious minority in northern Syria, Lebanon, and southern Turkey, best known today for enjoying disproportionate political power in war-torn Syria. This ... More


The League Decides

Sarah D. Shields

in Fezzes in the River: Identity Politics and European Diplomacy in the Middle East on the Eve of World War II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393316
eISBN:
9780199894376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393316.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History, European Modern History

Angry protests met the announcement that the Sanjak would be detached from Syria, despite French mandatory officials’ efforts to present the agreement as a guarantee of the security of the ... More


Limits of Sectarianism: Shi‘ism and Ahl Al-Bayt Islam among Turkish Migrant Communities in Germany

Benjamin Weineck

in Shi'a Minorities in the Contemporary World: Migration, Transnationalism and Multilocality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474430371
eISBN:
9781474464895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430371.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

A good example of the porosity of sectarian boundaries is provided in this chapter on Turkish migrants in Germany of Shi’a backgrounds. While the Shi’a religious field in Germany is fairly small and ... More


Minority Identities in the Middle East: Religious Minorities

Joshua Castellino and Kathleen A. Cavanaugh

in Minority Rights in the Middle East

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199679492
eISBN:
9780191758539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679492.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

In this chapter there are two primary categories to emerge with regard to the classification of minorities in the Middle East. The first comprises religious minorities, both early religious groups ... More


Minority Rights in Syria

Joshua Castellino and Kathleen A. Cavanaugh

in Minority Rights in the Middle East

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199679492
eISBN:
9780191758539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679492.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter seeks to examine and analyse the history and legislative provisions to protect ‘minorities’ in Syria. It offers an explanation of how these can be identified in a state that has been ... More


Introduction

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the ʻAlawis, considered one of the most conspicuous, talked-about confessional groups in the Middle East today. The ʻAlawis represent ... More


The Nusayris in Medieval Syria: From Religious Sect to Confessional Community (Tenth–Twelfth Centuries CE)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter re-examines the early development of the ʻAlawi community and its situation in western Syria in the medieval period in the wider context of what might be termed Islamic provincial ... More


Beyond the Mountain Refuge: ‘Alawism and the Sunni State (Thirteenth–Fifteenth Centuries)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter addresses what can in effect be described as the consolidation of the ʻAlawi community in a newfound “compact” form. It argues that the receding tide of Shiʻism did not expose the ... More


Survey and Punish: The ‘Alawis’ Integration into the Ottoman Empire (1516–1645)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the Ottoman cadastres in detail, both to demonstrate the extent of the Ottoman state's control over the region in the sixteenth century and to show that the Ottomans did not ... More


The Age of Autonomy: ‘Alawi Notables as Ottoman Tax Farmers (1667–1808)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter follows the rise to power of the Shamsins, the Bayt al-Shillif, and associated ʻAlawi families as Ottoman tax concessionaries. It shows that their position of local autonomy, rather than ... More


Imperial Reform and Internal Colonization: ‘Alawi Society in the Face of Modernity (1808–1888)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter highlights major trends in Ottoman and Syrian history affecting the ʻAlawi community in the nineteenth century. It begins by showing that the ʻAlawi notability increasingly came into ... More


Not Yet Nationals: Arabism, Kemalism, and the Alaouites (1888–1936)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter documents the ʻAlawis' ambivalent relationship with the Syrian Arab, Ottoman/Turkish, and French colonial projects at the threshold of the contemporary era. The first section considers ... More


Conclusion

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This concluding chapter summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. The book has shown that the multiplicity of lived ʻAlawi experiences cannot be reduced to the sole question of religion ... More


The Genesis of Syria’s Alawi Community

Aslam Farouk-Alli

in The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458119
eISBN:
9780190618520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter presents a complex multifaceted reading of the history of the Alawi community in Syria. It provides an opportunity to interrogate the way in which the religious and the political ... More


The Alawis of Tripoli: Identity, Violence and Urban Geopolitics

Craig Larkin and Olivia Midha

in The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458119
eISBN:
9780190618520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter explores the embattled existence and contested identities of Lebanon's Alawi community in Tripoli. It focuses on the entrenched hilltop enclave of Jabal Mohsen, perched above its ... More


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