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Physical Aspects and Applications of Hyperbolic Thermoelasticity

Józef Ignaczak and Martin Ostoja‐Starzewski

in Thermoelasticity with Finite Wave Speeds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541645
eISBN:
9780191716164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541645.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter first provides a brief review of several other theories, all classified as generalized thermoelasticity and due to Green and Naghdi. Next follows a justification of the presence of a ... More


Perl for Exploring DNA

Mark D. LeBlanc and Betsey Dexter Dyer

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305890
eISBN:
9780199773862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305890.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The book presents a hands-on introductory guide to DNA sequence analysis. This can be depicted as a linear map of As, Cs, Gs, and Ts; however, such a map only hints at the varied contours and ... More


Conclusion: The Double Helix and the Dialectic

Thomas Albert Howard

in God and the Atlantic: America, Europe, and the Religious Divide

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565511
eISBN:
9780191725654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565511.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This concluding chapter summarizes the arguments of the book and places them in a broader historical perspective: the disparate trajectories of modernity (vis-à-vis religion) set in motion by the ... More


THE ROLE OF STRONG H-BONDS IN NATURE: A GALLERY OF FUNCTIONAL H-BONDS

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

in The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Functional H-bonds are H-bonds which are significantly stronger than the surrounding ones and, for this reason, can play a specific role in the mechanism of action of important chemical or ... More


Introduction

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Nerve impulses traversing the brain were likened by Sherrington to points of light in an enchanted loom. The electrochemical nature of the nerve impulse was largely elucidated by Hodgkin and Huxley ... More


Time's Arrow

Howard Marchitello

in The Machine in the Text: Science and Literature in the Age of Shakespeare and Galileo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608058
eISBN:
9780191729492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608058.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter returns to a series of challenges posed famously in C. P. Snow's The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution, particularly Snow's assessment of the science-literature agon and his ... More


How is public health applied in primary care?

Alison Hill, Siân Griffiths, and Stephen Gillam

in Public Health and Primary Care: Partners in Population Health

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508533
eISBN:
9780191723780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508533.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the public health process, referred to as the public health helix. It identifies eight steps in the process and describes their application in primary care. The helix puts ... More


From Energy to Knowledge? Building Domestic Knowledge-Based Sectors around Hydro Energy in Iceland and Greenland

Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen and Klaus Georg Hansen

in Diplomacy on Ice: Energy and the Environment in the Arctic and Antarctic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205169
eISBN:
9780300210385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205169.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Iceland and Greenland share historical and socioeconomic and political conditions as former or present North Atlantic autonomies of the Kingdom of Denmark. As very small natural resource-based ... More


DNA Demystified: Unravelling the Double Helix

Alan McHughen

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190092962
eISBN:
9780190092993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092962.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

DNA, once the exclusive domain of scientists in research labs, is now the darling of popular and social media. With personal genetic testing kits in homes and genetically modified organism (GMO) ... More


Future Homes: developing new responses through new organisations

Rose Gilroy, Dominic Aitken, and Philip Miller

in Hope Under Neoliberal Austerity: Responses from Civil Society and Civic Universities

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781447356820
eISBN:
9781447356868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447356820.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter charts the emergence of the Future Homes Alliance, a community interest company of which Newcastle University is a partner, formed to develop new models of housing. Against a background ... More


Shaping the future: city vision case studies

Timothy J. Dixon and Mark Tewdwr-Jones

in Urban Futures: Planning for City Foresight and City Visions

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781447330936
eISBN:
9781447317685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447330936.003.0008
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural Theory and Criticism

This chapter focuses on a range of UK and international examples to highlight best practice in city visioning processes. To do this the chapter begins by tracing the evolution of city visions, and ... More


The double helix

Sydney Brenner

in A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226284132
eISBN:
9780226284163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284163.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Although most of modern biology stems from this brief paper, there is also a long prehistory of thought in the subject that is now known as genetics. Morgan's research was largely responsible for ... More


Meselson, Stahl, and the Replication of DNA: A History of "The Most Beautiful Experiment in Biology"

Frederic Lawrence Holmes

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085402
eISBN:
9780300129663
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085402.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1957, two young scientists, Matthew Meselson and Frank Stahl, produced a landmark experiment confirming that DNA replicates as predicted by the double helix structure Watson and Crick had recently ... More


The Subunits of Semiconservative Replication

Frederic Lawrence Holmes

in Meselson, Stahl, and the Replication of DNA: A History of "The Most Beautiful Experiment in Biology"

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085402
eISBN:
9780300129663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085402.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the immediate impact the publication of the Meselson-Stahl experiment in PNAS had on the circle of biologists already engaged with the replication of DNA, and how it extended ... More


The Replication Problem

Frederic Lawrence Holmes

in Meselson, Stahl, and the Replication of DNA: A History of "The Most Beautiful Experiment in Biology"

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085402
eISBN:
9780300129663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085402.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter begins with one of the most famous sentences in the literature of science—the statement near the end of the brief article in Nature made by Francis Crick and James Watson that goes thus: ... More


Crossing Fields: Chemical Bonds to Biological Mutants

Frederic Lawrence Holmes

in Meselson, Stahl, and the Replication of DNA: A History of "The Most Beautiful Experiment in Biology"

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085402
eISBN:
9780300129663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085402.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses Meselson's view that, in order to approach the design of the replication experiment of which he dreamed, he must first understand in detail the structure and chemistry of the ... More


Bragg’s Law: Diffraction

Brian Cantor

in The Equations of Materials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851875
eISBN:
9780191886683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851875.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The diffraction of X-rays is used as the main method for determining the atomic and molecular structures of inorganic and biological materials. The basic law of diffraction was discovered by Lawrence ... More


Amino Acids and Peptides

Irina Ermolina and Yuri Feldman

in Dielectric Relaxation in Biological Systems: Physical Principles, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686513
eISBN:
9780191766398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686513.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter presents an overview of the dielectric properties of amino acids and oligopeptides in aqueous solutions. Two relaxation processes identified in the aqueous solutions of amino acids are ... More


Magnetic field gradients and spin translation

Paul T. Callaghan

in Translational Dynamics and Magnetic Resonance: Principles of Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo NMR

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199556984
eISBN:
9780191774928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556984.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses magnetic field gradients and spin isochromats, and introduces their phase evolution under magnetic field gradients using the ideas of the magnetization helix and k-space, thus ... More


A Dispute Between the Cavendish and Caltech: The Emergence and Ubiquity of the α‎-Helix

John Meurig Thomas

in Architects of Structural Biology: Bragg, Perutz, Kendrew, Hodgkin

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198854500
eISBN:
9780191888793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854500.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Bragg, Kendrew, and Perutz at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, published in 1950 proposals for the nature of the folding of the constituents (the amino acid residues) of proteins such as keratin, ... More


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