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The Availability and Supportive Functions of Extended Kinship Ties in Later Life: Evidence from the Berlin Ageing Stud y

Sarah Harper

in Families in Ageing Societies: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251162
eISBN:
9780191602740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251169.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the availability and supportive functions of extended kin relationships in later life, drawing on the results of the Berlin Ageing study. It is shown that in addition to close ... More


The Group Selection Controversy

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the notorious issue of group selection in behavioural ecology, one of the mainstays of the traditional levels of selection debate. The history of the group selection controversy ... More


Kinship

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

When do we care for others as we care for ourselves? William Hamilton showed that we should be expected to care for our family members in proportion to our degree of relationship to them. Such ... More


Models of Kinship from the Developed Worl d

Sarah Harper

in Families in Ageing Societies: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251162
eISBN:
9780191602740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251169.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines kin interactions to identify the demographic, socio-economic, and cultural factors that influence social contacts between kin in Western industrialised societies. Variations by ... More


One Happy Family? Sources of Intergenerational Solidarity and Tension as Contemporary US Society Ages

Sarah Harper

in Families in Ageing Societies: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251162
eISBN:
9780191602740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251169.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Intergenerational tension and solidarity has been present in American family structures even before the Civil War. Kin ties remain transient and malleable. Americans still act as if they believe that ... More


Communication in bacteria

Stephen P. Diggle, Stuart A. West, Andy Gardner, and Ashleigh S. Griffin

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The term quorum sensing (QS) is used to describe communication between bacterial cells, whereby a coordinated population response is controlled by diffusible signal molecules. QS has not only been ... More


Chemical communication in societies of rodents

Jane L. Hurst and Robert J. Beynon

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Scents play a central role in rodent societies, communicating information about identity (species, sex, individual, kinship) and status (social, reproductive, health, age). This requires the ... More


Housing Others in Rebirths

Rebecca M. Empson

in Harnessing Fortune: Personhood, Memory and Place in Mongolia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264737
eISBN:
9780191753992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264737.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores the relationship between memory and kinship, showing how people's bodies can also be viewed as the containers that ‘house’ deceased kin. This is necessary because a sense of ... More


Introduction

Neville Wylie

in Barbed Wire Diplomacy: Britain, Germany, and the Politics of Prisoners of War 1939-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547593
eISBN:
9780191720581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547593.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter surveys the current literature on British prisoners of war in Germany during the Second World War and the state of the archival sources. It also highlights some of the core ... More


Social selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Selection is often generated by interaction with other organisms: neighbours, partners, or antagonists. The force and direction of selection in these social contexts is very generally influenced by ... More


When Individuals Do Not Stop at the Skin

Alan Barnard

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter examines contemporary hunter-gatherer societies in Africa and elsewhere in light of the social brain and the distributed mind hypotheses. One question asked is whether African ... More


Mississippian Mortuary Practices: Beyond Hierarchy and the Representationist Perspective

Robert C. Mainfort

Lynne P. Sullivan (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034263
eISBN:
9780813039619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034263.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The residents of Mississippian towns principally located in the southeastern and midwestern United States from 900 to 1500 A.D. made many beautiful objects, which included elaborate and well-crafted ... More


What Could Work Better: Cooperation betwen Two Species

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines cooperation between two species and how cooperation among related individuals of one species can also help maintain cooperation between species. It presents some examples of ... More


Ecology and Evolution of Eusociality in Sponge-Dwelling Shrimp

J. Emmett Duffy

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Sponge-dwelling Synalpheus shrimp comprises a clade of ~30 species that range from socially monogamous pairs to eusocial colonies of hundreds of individuals. Eusocial colonies have evolved at least ... More


Bioprecarity and Pregnancy in Lesbian Kinship

Petra Nordqvist

in Bodily Interventions and Intimate Labour: Understanding Bioprecarity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781526138569
eISBN:
9781526152138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526138576.00012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

Culturally speaking in the context of Euro-American societies, being related as kin is perceived as a self-evident, given and ‘fixed’ relationship. Reproduction lies at the heart of making such ... More


On the Parish?: The Micro-Politics of Poor Relief in Rural England c.1550-1750

Steve Hindle

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271320
eISBN:
9780191709548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271320.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book is a study of the negotiations which took place over the allocation of poor relief in the rural communities of 16th-, 17th-, and early 18th-century England. It analyses the relationships ... More


Toward an Evolutionary Psychology of the Family

Catherine A. Salmon and Todd K. Shackelford

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides an introduction to the themes of this volume. Relationships with family are at the heart of human lives. As infants, we are dependent on our families for our survival and for ... More


Evolution of the Human Family: Cooperative Males, Long Social Childhoods, Smart Mothers, and Extended Kin Networks

Mark V. Flinn, Robert J. Quinlan, Kathryn Coe, and Carol V. Ward

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Humans are characterized by a distinctive set of traits, including: (1) large brains, (2) long periods of juvenile dependence, (3) extensive biparental care including large transfers of information, ... More


The initial evolution of warning displays

Graeme D. Ruxton, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528609
eISBN:
9780191713392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528609.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter considers the mechanisms by which aposematic signals might evolve and be maintained. Of particular importance are the roles of spatial aggregation and kin selection in the evolution of ... More


Dearest Haimon

Alan H. Sommerstein

in The Tangled Ways of Zeus: And Other Studies In and Around Greek Tragedy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199568314
eISBN:
9780191723018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568314.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter, concurring with most recent scholars that Sophocles, Antigone 572 is spoken by Ismene and not Antigone, examines the implications of the fact that she calls her cousin Haimon ‘dearest’ ... More


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