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From the Anatomy Theater to the Political Theater: Journals and the Making of “British Medicine” in Early Nineteenth-Century London

Carin Berkowitz

in Charles Bell and the Anatomy of Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226280394
eISBN:
9780226280424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226280424.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter three addresses in detail the creation of a British medical tradition and the use of anti-French rhetoric in the conservative reform movement in Britain. While this political rhetoric was ... More


Flexner's Report and Blumer's Deanship: The Defining Years

Gerard N. Burrow

in A History of Yale's School of Medicine: Passing Torches to Others

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092073
eISBN:
9780300132885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092073.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter describes how two items of business during an otherwise uneventful Yale Corporation meeting on March 21, 1910 shaped the future success of the medical school. “The Secretary read the ... More


Arrow (1963): Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care

Kenneth J. Arrow

in Moral Hazard in Health Insurance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163804
eISBN:
9780231538688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163804.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

This chapter provides the framework of Kenneth J. Arrow's seminal article “Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care,” which consists of four parts. The first part focuses on the scope ... More


The Anti-Code Revolt: Laissez-Faire Medical Ethics, 1876–1979

Robert Baker

in Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter describes the transformation of the American Medical Association's (AMA) instrument of ethical self-regulation—the 1847 Code of Medical Ethics—from an icon of professional pride into a ... More


Politics of Healing

John S. Haller

in Shadow Medicine: The Placebo in Conventional and Alternative Therapies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169042
eISBN:
9780231537704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169042.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the political pressures that led to the creation of the Office for the Study of Unconventional Medical Practices. The exponential growth for medical costs starting in the 1970s ... More


Moral Hazard in Health Insurance: Developments Since Arrow (1963)

Amy Finkelstein

in Moral Hazard in Health Insurance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163804
eISBN:
9780231538688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163804.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

This chapter examines economics professor Amy Finkelstein's lecture of the economics of moral hazard in health insurance, with respect to economist Kenneth J. Arrow's “Uncertainty and the Welfare ... More


Introduction

Joseph P. Newhouse

in Moral Hazard in Health Insurance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163804
eISBN:
9780231538688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163804.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

The introduction analyzes the highly influential article “Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care,” by economist Kenneth J. Arrow. According to Arrow, there have been growing clinical ... More


No Peculiar Strictness Is Observed: Slavery and Innovation

Wendy Gonaver

in The Peculiar Institution and the Making of Modern Psychiatry, 1840-1880

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648446
eISBN:
9781469648460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648446.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the life and writings of Superintendent John M Galt, and argues that the experience of heading an asylum in the United States South and the example of slaves hiring out prompted ... More


So Different: The Asylum and the Civil War

Wendy Gonaver

in The Peculiar Institution and the Making of Modern Psychiatry, 1840-1880

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648446
eISBN:
9781469648460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648446.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter looks at the transformation of asylum care that was initiated by the Civil War. At the Eastern Lunatic Asylum, the biggest change came after the suicide of Superintendent John M. Galt ... More


Afterword: Making ‘the Medical’

Mark Harrison

in Locating the Medical: Explorations in South Asian History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780199486717
eISBN:
9780199092093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199486717.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This Afterword reflects on the creation of the category of ‘the medical’ and how it came to be inscribed in India during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It argues that the main factors ... More


The Journals Revolt

in Science for Sale: The Perils, Rewards, and Delusions of Campus Capitalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306254
eISBN:
9780226306261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306261.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter discusses the actions taken by medical journals to address the issue of fraudulent research papers by individual scientists. Many journals have strengthened their peer-review and ... More


Coming to Terms with Our Terms

Ira Helderman

in Prescribing the Dharma: Psychotherapists, Buddhist Traditions, and Defining Religion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648521
eISBN:
9781469648545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648521.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter surveys psychotherapists’ common understandings for the primary terms the volume tracks: psychotherapy, religion, secular, science, medicine, Buddhism, spirituality, and terms for the ... More


Keeping Meditation Religious and Psychotherapy Secular: Personalizing Religion Approaches

Ira Helderman

in Prescribing the Dharma: Psychotherapists, Buddhist Traditions, and Defining Religion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648521
eISBN:
9781469648545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648521.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines psychotherapists personalizing religion approaches to Buddhist teachings and practices. Here clinicians can be dramatically influenced by Buddhist teachings, but, intent on ... More


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