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Pioneering Peer-to-Peer and Other Disruptive Dual-Use Technologies

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter examines dual-use technologies such as the VCR, computer, CD burner, iPod, TiVo, and peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing. It discusses the case of Sony Corporation of America v. Universal ... More


Dual-use Goods: (Mis)Understanding Werner and Leifer

Alan Dashwood

in Continuity and Change in EU Law: Essays in Honour of Sir Francis Jacobs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199219032
eISBN:
9780191711862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219032.003.0020
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter argues that the current dual-use regime, based entirely on a Community regulation, is technically defective. It has limited practical importance since, apart from the addition of New ... More


Limiting Attacks on Dual-Use Facilities Performing Indispensable Civilian Functions*

Henry Shue and David Wippman

in Fighting Hurt: Rule and Exception in Torture and War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198767626
eISBN:
9780191821486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767626.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Current international law is open to morally better interpretations than the view that Article 52:2 justifies attacking all dual-use infrastructure. The principle of proportionality must also be ... More


Dual-Use Research and Inductive Risk

David B. Resnik

in Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190467715
eISBN:
9780190467753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467715.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Dual-use research is research that can be readily employed for beneficial or harmful purposes. Using recent examples from biomedical science, this chapter argues that scientists who are assessing the ... More


Who's Minding the Store?

Lynn C. Klotz and Edward J. Sylvester

in Breeding Bio Insecurity: How U.S. Biodefense Is Exporting Fear, Globalizing Risk, and Making Us All Less Secure

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226444055
eISBN:
9780226444079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226444079.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

Usually everybody trusts the research institutions' legally mandated institutional biosafety committees (IBCs) to safeguard neighborhoods from harm at the local level by providing expert oversight ... More


Introduction

Osamu Sawada

in Pragmatic Aspects of Scalar Modifiers: The Semantics-Pragmatics Interface

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198714224
eISBN:
9780191782633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714224.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Chapter 1 introduces the aim and the target phenomenon of this book, that is, the dual-use phenomenon of scalar modifiers and the meaning and use of pragmatic scalar modifiers. After a brief overview ... More


Arms Transfers and Export-Control Policies

Mark Bromley

in The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198790501
eISBN:
9780191831737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790501.003.0042
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the attempt to coordinate and harmonize the dual-use and arms export control policies of EU member states, focusing in particular on the use of EU arms embargoes and the ... More


Bombing to Rescue?: NATO’s 1999 Bombing of Serbia*

Henry Shue

in Fighting Hurt: Rule and Exception in Torture and War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198767626
eISBN:
9780191821486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767626.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Civilians are helpless in the face of air attack, making the limitation of bombing especially important morally. This chapter initiates a series on limits on bombing. NATO’s bombing of Serbia was a ... More


Institutional Change, Industrial Transitions, and Regime Resistance Politics

David J. Hess

in Undone Science: Social Movements, Mobilized Publics, and Industrial Transitions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035132
eISBN:
9780262336444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035132.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The chapter focuses on the processes of industrial change in relationship to social movements. It builds on two literatures, one on institutional logics and the other on industrial transitions, and ... More


‘The Lawyers’ War’: Slow Violence in Iraq

Craig Jones

in The War Lawyers: The United States, Israel, and Juridical Warfare

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198842927
eISBN:
9780191878824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842927.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyses the involvement of military lawyers in the planning and conduct of the US-led First Gulf War in 1990–1991. Contrary to representations of the First Gulf War as one of the ... More


U.S. Space Dominance: An Ethics Lens

Joan Johnson-Freese and Kenneth Smith

in War and Peace in Outer Space: Law, Policy, and Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197548684
eISBN:
9780197548714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197548684.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter considers the ethical implications of the United States trying to achieve “space dominance” as part of an increasingly muscular U.S. “space warfare is inevitable” outlook. The ... More


Pragmatic Aspects of Scalar Modifiers: The Semantics-Pragmatics Interface

Osamu Sawada

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198714224
eISBN:
9780191782633
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714224.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This book investigates pragmatic aspects of scalar modifiers. Through a detailed analysis of the semantics and pragmatics of comparatives with indeterminate pronouns, positive polarity minimizers, ... More


Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science

Kevin C. Elliott and Ted Richards (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190467715
eISBN:
9780190467753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467715.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

According to the argument from inductive risk, scientists have responsibilities to consider the consequences of error when they set evidential standards for making decisions such as accepting or ... More


JFC Naples Takes Over

Rob Weighill and Florence Gaub

in The Cauldron: NATO's Campaign in Libya

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190916220
eISBN:
9780190943196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916220.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

As the political process ceded prominence to military operations, this chapter illustrates how NATO transitioned from peace to war, dealing with a myriad of operational challenges as it took command ... More


Target-Selection Norms, Torture Norms, and Growing US Permissiveness*

Henry Shue

in Fighting Hurt: Rule and Exception in Torture and War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198767626
eISBN:
9780191821486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767626.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

US politicians legislating about torture and US military officials interpreting laws about legitimate targets have each been engaged recently in exempting the US from requirements that other nations ... More


Losing Control

Taylor Owen

in Disruptive Power: The Crisis of the State in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199363865
eISBN:
9780199363896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199363865.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Losing Control outlines how in a wide range of international areas of influence, the state is being challenged by new, digitally enabled actors. Grounded in the theory of disruption, this chapter ... More


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