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The French Tradition: 1789 and the Jews

Chad Alan Goldberg

in Modernity and the Jews in Western Social Thought

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226460413
eISBN:
9780226460697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226460697.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter investigates the relationship between sociology and antisemitism in France through a case study of French sociology’s central figure: Émile Durkheim. It distinguishes reactionary and ... More


Recovered Goods: Durkheimian Sociology as Virtue Ethics

Philip S. Gorski

in The Post-Secular in Question: Religion in Contemporary Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814738726
eISBN:
9780814738733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814738726.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines what Émile Durkheim could have meant by his statement that sociology is a “moral science” and whether the project it implied is a defensible one. Durkheim's goal was not only to ... More


Coming to Terms with Social Life: Marx, Durkheim, Weber

Kai Erikson

in The Sociologist's Eye: Reflections on Social Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300106671
eISBN:
9780300231779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106671.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines how three masters of the sociological tradition—Karl Marx, Émile Durkheim, and Max Weber—came to terms with social life. Two major themes run throughout Marx's work: the first ... More


Artificial Populations

Nancy Levene

in Powers of Distinction: On Religion and Modernity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226507361
eISBN:
9780226507675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226507675.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 3 investigates the work of the eighteenth-century humanist, Giambattista Vico, to conceive a secular history in the distinction of the Hebrews. It begins with two theorists who fought such ... More


Lamarckism and the Constitution of Sociology

Snait B. Gissis

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines sociology as an emerging discipline in Great Britain and France between the 1850s and the 1890s. It considers the transfer of models, metaphors, and analogies from evolutionary ... More


Modernity and the Jews in Western Social Thought

Chad Alan Goldberg

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226460413
eISBN:
9780226460697
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226460697.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, prominent social thinkers in France, Germany, and the United States sought to understand the modern world taking shape around them. Although they ... More


The Elementary Forms of the Military Life

Anthony King

in The Combat Soldier: Infantry Tactics and Cohesion in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199658848
eISBN:
9780191752483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658848.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

General William Tecumseh Sherman famously declared that ‘war is hell’. This chapter begins by exploring how literary representations of combat in the twentieth century have confirmed his aphorism. ... More


On the Definition of Religion

William E. Arnal and Russell T. McCutcheon

in The Sacred Is the Profane: The Political Nature of "Religion"

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199757114
eISBN:
9780199979530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757114.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes classical approaches to defining religion and attempts to classify them. Definitions are distinguished on the basis of their defining religious data in terms of some basic and ... More


The Questing Animal

Robert M. Torrance

in The Spiritual Quest: Transcendence in Myth, Religion, and Science

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520081321
eISBN:
9780520920163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520081321.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter's analysis of language brings back consideration of society as the matrix both of communal experience in religion and of the individual quest that can never leave this primal model and ... More


Mary Douglas

Timothy Larsen

in The Slain God: Anthropologists and the Christian Faith

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199657872
eISBN:
9780191785573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657872.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Mary Douglas (1921–2007) was raised a Roman Catholic and was a practising Catholic throughout her entire life. She did her doctoral work at the Univerisity of Oxford with fieldwork among the Lele in ... More


Flight 93 and 9/11: American Mythology in the Making

Alexander T. Riley

in Angel Patriots: The Crash of United Flight 93 and the Myth of America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479870479
eISBN:
9781479809400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479870479.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This book examines the mythology of the United Airlines Flight 93 disaster in America's collective consciousness. Flight 93 was the fourth plane hijacked in the 9/11 terrorist attacks, and it ... More


La sociologie religieuse du catholicisme français au vingtième siècle

Yves-Marie Hilaire

in Catholicism, Politics and Society in Twentieth-Century France

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780853239741
eISBN:
9781846312779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239741.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter focuses on the religious sociology of Catholicism in twentieth-century France, with emphasis on how traditional Catholic observance waned considerably and numerous parishes became ... More


Urban Revelation in Paul Madonna’s Postsecular Comics

Ofra Amihay

in Comics and Sacred Texts: Reimagining Religion and Graphic Narratives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781496819215
eISBN:
9781496819253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496819215.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Comics Studies

This essay explores the work of San Francisco-based artist Paul Madonna, his unique use of the tropes of imagetext and its implications concerning authority, readership and meaning in a post-modern, ... More


Post-Secular Society: Consumerism and the Democratization of Religion

Bryan S. Turner

in The Post-Secular in Question: Religion in Contemporary Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814738726
eISBN:
9780814738733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814738726.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter offers a number of critical reflections on the analysis of religion in both contemporary sociology and social philosophy, with particular emphasis on how religious practice has been ... More


Prisoners’ Families, Public Opinion, and the State: Punishment and Society from a Family and Human Rights Perspective

Peter Scharff Smith

in Prisons, Punishment, and the Family: Towards a New Sociology of Punishment?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198810087
eISBN:
9780191847257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810087.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter moves the focus from the offender-state binary to a broader discussion about the relationship between penal policies, prisons, and society. It does so using a partly Durkheimian ... More


The Concept of Indeterminate Sentence in the European Criminal Law Doctrine

Michele Pifferi

in Reinventing Punishment: A Comparative History of Criminology and Penology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198743217
eISBN:
9780191803079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743217.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The chapter analyses the reaction of the European legal culture to the US indeterminate sentence system, its theoretical rejection, and the building of a different method by which indefinite ... More


When Is There a Group that Knows?: Distributed Cognition, Scientific Knowledge, and the Social Epistemic Subject

Alexander Bird

in Essays in Collective Epistemology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199665792
eISBN:
9780191748615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665792.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, three questions are posed: (i) When does a collection of individuals form an entity that is more than just the mereological sum of its constituent persons? (ii) Given that there is a ... More


Sacred

David Chidester

in Religion: Material Dynamics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520297654
eISBN:
9780520969933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520297654.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines a category, “that which is set apart,” which has been crucial for the Durkheimian tradition in the study of religion. Separated from the ordinary, the everyday, or the profane, ... More


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