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Introduction: An Historical Overview

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The negotiation of EMU is situated in an historical context, notably the mounting tensions in the post‐war Bretton Woods system, the Hague Summit of 1969, the eventual collapse of Bretton Woods and ... More


The Political Problem of Reconciling Domestic and International Interests in EMU: The Legacy of Barre, Giscard D'estaing, and Pompidou

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

De Gaulle's views on EMU are compared with those of his Finance Minister Giscard d’Estaing. French policy towards the Hague Summit and the Werner Report is analysed, in particular the views and ... More


Introduction

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Briefly sets the background for the country studies by discussing the economic conditions that supported the rise of the welfare state in the post‐war years and by highlighting the economic changes ... More


Introduction

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume I: From Vulnerability to Competitiveness in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240883
eISBN:
9780191600173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240884.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter briefly sets the background for the comparative chapters by discussing the common challenges faced by the post‐war welfare state, beginning in the 1970s with the end of the Bretton Woods ... More


Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Kathryn C. Lavelle

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Conventional understandings of U.S. foreign policy see Congress as an obstacle to multilateral cooperation. Kathryn Lavelle challenges the traditional view by considering Congress within the three ... More


Introduction

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.003.0000
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter lays out the rationale for the study of the relationship between Congress and the International Monetary Fund and World Bank. It proposes the concept of congressional ... More


Enacting a Multilateral Framework for Finance: Treasury and Congressional Compromise

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter compares the ratification struggle over the Treaty of Versailles with the passage of the Bretton Woods Agreement Act to demonstrate the legislature’s concern with how multilateralism ... More


Coalitional Hegemony: Pax Americana 1945–1971

Ian Clark

in Hegemony in International Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556267
eISBN:
9780191725609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556267.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The final historical case is that of Pax Americana, the supposed role of the USA as a hegemon after 1945. The central argument is that if that were so, the USA was a hegemon in only part of the ... More


Hanging Wood and Tothill Fields

Janet Semple

in Bentham's Prison: A Study of the Panopticon Penitentiary

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273875
eISBN:
9780191684074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273875.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the problems in the acquisition of an appropriate site for Jeremy Bentham's proposed panopticon prison in England. In July 1796, Bentham found a potential site called Hanging ... More


Wildness: The Phenomenology of Freedom

Jonathan McKenzie

in The Political Thought of Henry David Thoreau: Privatism and the Practice of Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166308
eISBN:
9780813166384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166308.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Thoreau’s use of wildness as a political-theoretical category is often misunderstood as an effort to uncover a deeper engagement with the political. This chapter argues that wildness instead ... More


Dawn over Bretton Woods

Harry Blutstein

in The Ascent of Globalisation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992897
eISBN:
9781526104311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992897.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The global economic order that emerged at the end of the Second World War was the work of two men: John Maynard Keynes and Harry Dexter White. This chapter describes the tense negotiations between ... More


Power, legitimacy, and the interpretation of democracy

Katherine Fierlbeck

in Globalizing Democracy: Power, Legitimacy and the Interpretation of Democratic Ideas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719049958
eISBN:
9781781701416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719049958.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores the political context surrounding the inflation of democratic meaning. It also reports a very basic conception of ‘democratic neutrality’ which preserves the ability of ... More


Introduction

Helen Thompson

in Might, Right, Prosperity and Consent: Representative Democracy and the International Economy 1919–2001

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077500
eISBN:
9781781701607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077500.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book analyses the part that the international economy has played in the success and failures of democracies since the beginning of the inter-war years. It stands back from the literature on ... More


Foot-and-mouth disease – who's panicking now?

Ed Randall

in Food, Risk and Politics: Scare, Scandal and Crisis – Insights Into the RiskPolitics of Food Safety

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719072307
eISBN:
9781781702918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719072307.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter notes that the grounds for seriously questioning the capacity of European governments to learn lessons from individual food crises have been strengthened rather than weakened by the ... More


The Bretton Woods rescue

Helen Thompson

in Might, Right, Prosperity and Consent: Representative Democracy and the International Economy 1919–2001

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077500
eISBN:
9781781701607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077500.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter introduces Japan, and also takes up India and Indonesia, where the problems of securing consent to the authority of the state and democratic constitutional rules were potentially ... More


Crises and non-crises: financial liberalisation and the end of the Cold War

Helen Thompson

in Might, Right, Prosperity and Consent: Representative Democracy and the International Economy 1919–2001

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077500
eISBN:
9781781701607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077500.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the early consequences of the demise of Bretton Woods and American financial liberalisation, reporting the repercussions of the United States' economic and military power. West ... More


Conclusions

Helen Thompson

in Might, Right, Prosperity and Consent: Representative Democracy and the International Economy 1919–2001

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077500
eISBN:
9781781701607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077500.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter draws some conclusions about the central dilemmas of representative democracy. Governments in all developed countries were forced to adjust their welfare states and some also their ... More


Free Markets for All: The Difficulties of Maintaining a Stable Liberal World Economy

Georg Sørensen

in A Liberal World Order in Crisis: Choosing between Imposition and Restraint

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450228
eISBN:
9780801463297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450228.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the economic dimension of the liberal world order, with particular emphasis on the difficulties of maintaining a stable liberal world economy. It first considers the ... More


European Monetary Cooperation, 1945–1974: Background and Debates

Emmanuel Mourlon-Druol

in A Europe Made of Money: The Emergence of the European Monetary System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450839
eISBN:
9780801465932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450839.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter explores several key ideas necessary to understand how monetary coordination works. It first considers the so-called triangle of compatibilities, or trilemma. According to Robert ... More


Wilsonianism: The Construction of an American Vernacular

Tony Smith

in Why Wilson Matters: The Origin of American Liberal Internationalism and Its Crisis Today

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691183480
eISBN:
9781400883400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183480.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter looks at the achievements of Wilsonianism. The Bretton Woods system that integrated the world's market economies; the occupations of Japan and Germany that democratized them; the ... More


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