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Towards a New Modus Operandi of the International Financial System

Daniel Cohen

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The Bretton Woods system was conceived as a fixed exchange rate regime, allowing for a few devaluations, with the IMF supplying a line of credits to countries in ‘transitory’ difficulties. As capital ... More


The multilateral framework for international assistance

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents the large number of actors involved in post-conflict economic reconstruction and focuses on the key role played by the UN and the international financial institutions (IFIs). ... More


The Boom in Education

Alice H. Amsden

in Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195076035
eISBN:
9780199870691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195076036.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

One reason why Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea appear to have industrialized rapidly is that they have invested relatively heavily in education. A well‐educated work force, both white‐ and ... More


Resetting the International Monetary (Non)System

José Antonio Ocampo

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198718116
eISBN:
9780191787478
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198718116.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book provides an analysis of the global monetary system and the necessary reforms that it should undergo to play an active role in the twenty-first century. As its title indicates, its basic ... More


Economic Liberalization and Constraints to Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

K. S. Jomo and Rudiger von Arnim

in Good Growth and Governance in Africa: Rethinking Development Strategies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698561
eISBN:
9780191738142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698561.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper critically reviews the impact of globalization on Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) since the early 1980s. The large gains expected from opening up to international economic forces have, to date, ... More


Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Deepak Nayyar (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

It is now more than fifty years since the United Nations (UN) system and the Bretton Woods institutions were created. The world has changed since then, and so have its governance needs in terms of ... More


The Existing System and the Missing Institutions

Deepak Nayyar

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter considers the institutions, with a focus on the United Nations, the Bretton Woods institutions, and the World Trade Organisation, to sketch some contours of reform and change necessary ... More


Structural Determinants and Economic Effects of Capital Controls in OECD Countries

Tariq Banuri and Juliet B. Schor (eds)

in Financial Openness and National Autonomy: Opportunities and Constraints

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283645
eISBN:
9780191684463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283645.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In the OECD, the utilization of capital controls reached its lowest in more than fifty years and the European Community was getting ready to dismantle the remaining controls in 1990. While Japan and ... More


Towards Global Governance

Deepak Nayyar

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The United Nations and the Bretton Woods institutions were created in an altogether different context. The countries that created tehm wanted to improve the living conditions of their people through ... More


Global Macroeconomic Management

Lance Taylor

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The most important development in the global macroeconomic system over the past few decades has been the liberalisation of international capital markets that got underway in the 1970s. This sea of ... More


The Bretton Woods Institutions: Evolution, Reform, and Change

Jong-Il You

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The Bretton Woods institutions (BWIs), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Bank were created to bring about orderly development of the world economy in the post-World War II era. ... More


Globalization and the Logic of International Collective Action: Re-examining the Bretton Woods Institutions

Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The fixed exchange rate system had been abandoned back in 1971, raising questions at that time about the role of the International Monetary Fund. However, the abandonment of the fixed exchange rate ... More


Bretton Woods and the Debate about Development

Harold James

in Finance, Development, and the IMF

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199239863
eISBN:
9780191716805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239863.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the evolution since the Bretton Woods conference of the IMF's approach to problems of low income countries. In particular, it seeks to locate that approach within the debate ... More


A Brief History of the International Monetary System since Bretton Woods

José Antonio Ocampo

in Resetting the International Monetary (Non)System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198718116
eISBN:
9780191787478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198718116.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The 1944 Bretton Woods Conference, which created the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, was a major landmark in international cooperation. ... More


Climate Change, Cookstoves, and Coughs and Colds: Thinking Global and Acting Locally in Rural Nepal1

Krishna P. Pant, Subhrendu K. Pattanayak, and Min B. Malla Thakuri

in Environment and Development Economics: Essays in Honour of Sir Partha Dasgupta

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199677856
eISBN:
9780191757266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677856.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In Nepal, as in many developing countries, households rely on traditional stoves for cooking, using biomass as a fuel source. Externalities exist within the household, within the community in which ... More


The Role and Influence of International Financial Institutions

Danny Leipziger

in International Development: Ideas, Experience, and Prospects

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199671656
eISBN:
9780191751127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.003.0050
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Development thinking has evolved from the early works of W. Arthur Lewis and Paul Rosenstein-Rodan and has been influenced by new and varied schools of thought. Emphases have shifted from capital ... More


Global Economic Management in the 1990s

Khadija Haq (ed.)

in Economic Growth with Social Justice: Collected Writings of Mahbub ul Haq

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199474684
eISBN:
9780199089833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474684.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In the chapter, Haq considers the challenges for global economic management that the nineties may bring. He highlights five distinct trends that have emerged in the international economy in the ... More


The 1960s: High Growth, High Hopes, and Looming Structural Imbalances

Samuel Wangwe and Hiroshi Kawamura

in The World Economy through the Lens of the United Nations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198817345
eISBN:
9780191858864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817345.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The global climate in the 1960s was one of excitement and hope brought by the independence of many countries from colonialism, the UN declaration of the First Development Decade, and unprecedented ... More


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