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Modelling forest dynamics

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes techniques for modeling forest dynamics. Topics covered include the equation of population flux, life tables, transition matrix models, population viability analysis, growth ... More


Influences on Upland System Structure IV: The Ungulate Guild

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Nutritional research on northern-range elk and park-wide bison shows catabolic decline and mortality increase through winters, and as functions of population size and winter severity, collectively ... More


Conserving a natural experiment

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The guppy raises three different classes of conservation issues. First, the species is a useful model for freshwater fish species — one of the most endangered vertebrate groups. Second, although ... More


Orangutan population biology, life history, and conservation: Perspectives from population viability analysis models

Andrew J. Marshall, Robert Lacy, Marc Ancrenaz, Onnie Byers, Simon J. Husson, Mark Leighton, Erik Meijaard, Norm Rosen, Ian Singleton, Suzette Stephens, Kathy Traylor-Holzer, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Carel P. van Schaik, and Serge A. Wich

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Orangutan populations are particularly susceptible to local extinction due to hunting, habitat loss, and fragmentation because they live at low population densities, grow slowly, and reproduce ... More


Coextinction: anecdotes, models, and speculation

Robert R. Dunn

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Nearly all conservation and extinction research focuses on vertebrates and plants, but most organisms on earth are poorly studied or undescribed invertebrates, the majority of which are parasites or ... More


The conservation biologist's toolbox – principles for the design and analysis of conservation studies

Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook, discuss measures of biodiversity patterns followed by an overview of experimental design and associated statistical paradigms. Conservation ... More


Landscape Effects on Population Distributions and Dynamics

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The distribution and dynamics of populations reflect the interplay between dispersal and demography with landscape structure. Understanding how landscape structure affects populations is essential to ... More


Stochasticity due to finiteness

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The inherent stochastic nature of individual life histories implies that finite populations always carry a risk of going extinct, even if their long-term growth potential is positive. The ... More


Gene flow allows persistence of a perennial forest herb in a dynamic landscape

Olivier Honnay and Hans Jacquemyn

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0034
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on habitat fragmentation and how it affects plant population viability and genetic diversity in remnant habitat patches. The genetic response to habitat fragmentation is strongly ... More


The Infirm Ethical Foundations of Conservation

John A. Vucetich and Michael P. Nelson

in Ignoring Nature No More: The Case for Compassionate Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226925332
eISBN:
9780226925363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226925363.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores how to approach the three big questions of conservation and the consequences of failing to take them seriously. These questions are: (1) What is population viability and ... More


The Theoretician's Laboratory

Richard Mcelreath and Robert Boyd

in Mathematical Models of Social Evolution: A Guide for the Perplexed

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226558264
eISBN:
9780226558288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226558288.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Mathematical models and the tools used to analyze them constitute the theoretician's laboratory. Simple mathematical models are experiments aimed at understanding the causal relationships that drive ... More


Age-structured models in a random environment

Louis W. Botsford, J. Wilson White, and Alan Hastings

in Population Dynamics for Conservation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198758365
eISBN:
9780191818301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758365.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Most ecological populations exist in a randomly fluctuating environment, and these fluctuations influence vital rates, thus changing population dynamics. These changes are the focus of this chapter. ... More


Nest construction and incubation in a changing climate

M.C. Mainwaring

in Nests, Eggs, and Incubation: New ideas about avian reproduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198718666
eISBN:
9780191788086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718666.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Optimal embryonic and offspring development only occurs within relatively narrow thermal limits and prolonged periods of time spent outside of these limits result in sub-optimal development and, ... More


The theory of natural selection

Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

in Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830917
eISBN:
9780191868993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830917.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Natural selection is the scientific explanation for the evolution of adaptations. Wonders of the living world, such as the anatomy and physiology that grants the cheetah its unchallenged running ... More


Advanced statistical techniques: spatial patterns, life tables, modelling, and population viability analysis

David J. Gibson

in Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology, Second Edition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199671465
eISBN:
9780191792496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671465.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter moves forward from Chapter 7 (planning, choosing, and using statistics) and introduces some more advanced statistical methods that are of particular importance to plant population ... More


Applications to conservation biology

Louis W. Botsford, J. Wilson White, and Alan Hastings

in Population Dynamics for Conservation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198758365
eISBN:
9780191818301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758365.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter describes how models can aid in managing populations to prevent extinction, given uncertainty about their state. From previous chapters, it is clear that avoiding extinction requires ... More


Ecotourism, wildlife management, and behavioural biologists: changing minds for conservation

Richard Buchholz and Edward M. Hanlon

in Behavioural Responses to a Changing World: Mechanisms and Consequences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602568
eISBN:
9780191810121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602568.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes the disturbance of wildlife done by ecotourists and enumerates their negative effects on the population viability of some species. It reviews recent wildlife disturbance ... More


Understanding behavioural responses and their consequences

Andrés López-Sepulcre and Hanna Kokko

in Behavioural Responses to a Changing World: Mechanisms and Consequences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602568
eISBN:
9780191810121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602568.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter presents the conceptual framework necessary to understand how changes in behaviour occur at the population level and mentions the tools used in measuring the said changes. It outlines ... More


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