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Transcendental Arguments

Quassim Cassam

in The Possibility of Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208319
eISBN:
9780191708992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208319.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the proposal that the best way to answer an epistemological how-possible question is by means of a transcendental argument. Although it might appear that transcendental ... More


A Grand Strategy

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Can we validate domain-specific methods of research for natural theology? All these methods have turned out to be unreliable, as is illustrated by the example of prayer (Mantra II, STEP). This fact ... More


Semantic information and the correctness theory of truth

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter develops a correctness theory of truth (CTT) for semantic information to explain how well-formed and meaningful data may become truthful. After the introduction, Section 8.2 defends the ... More


Legitimating Simulation: Methodological Issues of Verification and Validation

Margaret Morrison

in Reconstructing Reality: Models, Mathematics, and Simulations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199380275
eISBN:
9780199380299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199380275.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

In order to properly assess the status of simulation knowledge our focus should include the degree of uncertainty inherent in different aspects of the simulation outputs. Related to the question of ... More


Horizons for the Enactive Mind: Values, Social Interaction, and Play

Ezequiel A. Di Paolo, Marieke Rohde, and Hanne De Jaegher

in Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014601
eISBN:
9780262289795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014601.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is dedicated to clarifying the central tenets of enactivism and exploring some of the themes currently under development. In this exercise, following the logic of the central ideas of ... More


Reconstructing Reality: Models, Mathematics, and Simulations

Margaret Morrison

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199380275
eISBN:
9780199380299
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199380275.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Attempts to understand various aspects of the empirical world often rely on modelling processes that involve a reconstruction of the system(s) under investigation. Typically the reconstruction uses ... More


Is Well-Being Measurable?

Anna Alexandrova

in A Philosophy for the Science of Well-Being

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199300518
eISBN:
9780190677213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199300518.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Among the scientists and policymakers, measurability of well-being is now almost uncontroversial—only the individual measures are. Philosopher Daniel Hausman, however, argues that well-being in the ... More


Psychometrics as Theory Avoidance

Anna Alexandrova

in A Philosophy for the Science of Well-Being

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199300518
eISBN:
9780190677213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199300518.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In theory construct validation secures good measurement by balancing all available evidence. But does it do so in practice? This chapter argues that validation of well-being scales as currently ... More


Validation, Holism, and the Limits of Analysis

Johannes Lenhard

in Calculated Surprises: A Philosophy of Computer Simulation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190873288
eISBN:
9780190873318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873288.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter has two parts. The first part boils down to the thesis that simulations simply extend or amplify the validation problem, because they include steps that are not part of traditional ... More


Without it there’s Nothing: The Necessity of Simulation in the Higgs Search

Margaret Morrison

in Reconstructing Reality: Models, Mathematics, and Simulations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199380275
eISBN:
9780199380299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199380275.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter explores the extensive use of simulation in the search for the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Too often we assume that although simulation can be an important part of ... More


The Incoherence of Global Validation

Genia Schönbaumsfeld

in The Illusion of Doubt

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198783947
eISBN:
9780191826597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783947.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Wittgenstein’s notion of ‘hinge propositions’—those propositions that stand fast for us and around which all empirical enquiry turns—remains controversial and elusive, and none of the recent attempts ... More


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