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Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in Amazon tree turnover

Oliver L. Phillips, Timothy R. Baker, Luzmila Arroyo, Niro Higuchi, Timothy Killeen, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Jon Lloyd, Yadvinder Malhi, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Nuñez Vargas, J. Natalino N. Silva, Rodolfo Vásquez Martinez, Miguel Alexiades, Samuel Almeida, Sandra Brown, Jerome Chave, James A. Comiskey, Claudia I. Czimczik, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Caroline Kuebler, Susan G. Laurance, Henrique E. M. Nascimento, Jean Olivier, Walter Palacios, Sandra Patiño, Nigel Pitman, Carlos A. Quesada, Mario Saldias, Armando Torres Lezama, and Barbara Vinceti

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Previous work found that tree turnover, biomass, and large liana densities increased in mature tropical forests in the late 20th century, indicating a concerted shift in forest ecological processes. ... More


Estimating Net Primary Production of Salt Marsh Macrophytes

James T. Morris

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Salt marshes dominate the intertidal zone in temperate latitudes and present some unique features pertaining to measurement of primary production. Several destructive harvest and non-destructive ... More


Biodiversity and biogeography of deserts

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Although there is a common perception that deserts support few species, some deserts have high local diversity, largely because organisms are able to exploit patches of high productivity. This ... More


Species Turnover in Space and Time

Martin L. Cody

in Plants on Islands: Diversity and Dynamics on a Continental Archipelago

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247291
eISBN:
9780520932722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247291.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the colonization and extinction events and species turnover. It shows how, in the face of ongoing colonization and extinction events, cumulative species numbers on islands ... More


Energetics

M.G.L. Mills and M.E.J. Mills

in Kalahari Cheetahs: Adaptations to an arid region

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198712145
eISBN:
9780191780639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712145.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Measurements of daily energy expenditure and water turnover showed that energy expenditure in cheetahs was not significantly greater than expected, but water turnover was low. There were no sex ... More


From Forests to Cities: Effects of Urbanization on Tropical Birds

Ian MacGregor-Fors, Lorena Morales-Pérez, and Jorge E. Schondube

in Urban Bird Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273092
eISBN:
9780520953895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273092.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Urban development modifies natural habitats by replacing their fundamental components with new ones, causing a loss of biodiversity. However, we know little about urbanization effects on birds in ... More


Phylogenetic Diversity across Space and Time

Marc W. Cadotte and T. Jonathan Davies

in Phylogenies in Ecology: A Guide to Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691157689
eISBN:
9781400881192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157689.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines how phylogenetic diversity changes across spatial and temporal gradients. Spatial ecophylogenetic patterns can reveal how different processes shape ecological communities. ... More


How does species richness accumulate over time?

Timothy G. Barraclough

in The Evolutionary Biology of Species

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198749745
eISBN:
9780191814020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749745.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Species are units for understanding the evolution of diversity over large geographical scales and long timescales. This chapter investigates the processes causing proliferation and demise of species ... More


Degradation of organic material

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on the aerobic oxidation of organic material by microbes. Microbes account for about 50 per cent of primary production in the biosphere, but they probably account for more than ... More


Pattern versus Process and Hierarchies: Revisiting Eternal Metaphors in Macroevolutionary Theory

Bruce S. Lieberman

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A topic extensively debated is whether sciences that focus on historical entities are somehow fundamentally different from those sciences that are not concerned with the history of the entities they ... More


Unification of Macroevolutionary Theory: Biologic Hierarchies, Consonance, and the Possibility of Connecting the Dots

William Miller III (ed.)

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Modern macroevolutionary theory can be viewed as an expansion of the Modern Synthesis involving the interpretation of patterns and processes above the organizational level of organisms packaged in ... More


Ecosystem Change through Time

Mark E. Patzkowsky and Steven M. Holland

in Stratigraphic Paleobiology: Understanding the Distribution of Fossil Taxa in Time and Space

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226649375
eISBN:
9780226649399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226649399.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter examines ecosystem changes through time and the processes that control these changes. Metacommunity theory predicts many of the spatial and temporal patterns of taxa in regional ... More


Degradation of organic matter

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The aerobic oxidation of organic material by microbes is the focus of this chapter. Microbes account for about 50% of primary production in the biosphere, but they probably account for more than 50% ... More


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