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Advance Decisions to Refuse Treatment (ADRT)

Ben Lobo

in Advance Care Planning in End of Life Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199561636
eISBN:
9780191730542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561636.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

People might make a variety of advance decisions that might apply to a range of issues about their health, welfare, finances, or other personal matters. This chapter concentrates on the advance ... More


Advance directives and Advance Care Planning: the US experience

Anne M Wilkinson

in Advance Care Planning in End of Life Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199561636
eISBN:
9780191730542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561636.003.0017
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the challenges of end of life, the ethical and legal foundations of advance directives (ADs) and Advance Care Planning (ACP) in the United States, the evidence base regarding ... More


Halitosis

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses halitosis, an offensive odour from the mouth or hollow cavities such as the nose, sinuses, and pharynx. Halitosis comprises three types: physiological halitosis, pathological ... More


Oral pain

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses oral discomfort or oral pain which is often associated with xerostomia or with other oral complications. Oral discomfort/pain is common in patients receiving special palliative ... More


Introduction to ethical case analysis

Alvin Moss

in Supportive Care for the Renal Patient

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199560035
eISBN:
9780191730139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560035.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter provides an introduction to nine recommendations about decision making with regards to withholding or withdrawing dialysis and the care of patients who forgo dialysis. It presents ... More


What determines a good outcome? The selection of patients for renal replacement therapy

Terry Feest

in Supportive Care for the Renal Patient

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199560035
eISBN:
9780191730139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560035.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the different factors that help determine a good outcome. ‘Good’ outcomes are usually measured in terms of the survival of the patient after starting treatment. However, ... More


Management of pain in renal failure

Sara N Davison, E Joanna Chambers, and Charles J Ferro

in Supportive Care for the Renal Patient

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199560035
eISBN:
9780191730139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560035.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses pain and pain management in renal failure. Pain is defined in this chapter as ‘an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, ... More


Palliative oncology

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The aim of palliative care is to improve the quality of life through alleviation of tumour-related symptoms and prevention of the recurrence of these symptoms in the remaining life span of the ... More


Breathlessness in advanced cancer

Deborah Dudgeon

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Dyspnoea is a common symptom in patients with cancer, but it is often overlooked. Breathlessness can significantly increase morbidity in patients with advanced diseases. Dyspnoea is chronic with ... More


Death

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0027
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

One in every four people in the United Kingdom dies from cancer. This dreaded disease develops in over 50 per cent in the population aged 65 and above while more than 20 per cent of people aged 75 ... More


Interdisciplinary Care in Heart Failure

Tiny Jaarsma

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Heart failure (HF) management aims at preventing disease progression, prolonging survival, and improving the quality of life of affected patients. In daily practice, the health-care provider is faced ... More


Psychological and psychiatric considerations in patients with advanced renal disease

Daniel Cukor, Eileen M Farrell, Lewis M Cohen, and Paul L Kimmel

in Supportive Care for the Renal Patient

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199560035
eISBN:
9780191730139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560035.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the major psychological reactions to a chronic condition such as ESRD. It suggests an approach that would help provide optimum holistic patient care and provides a summary of ... More


Support of the home-dialysis patient

Alastair Hutchison and Helen Hurst

in Supportive Care for the Renal Patient

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199560035
eISBN:
9780191730139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560035.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses patients undergoing home-dialysis and the support that is provided to them. This system began after the dialysis centres in the locales became too crowded, and soon family ... More


Conservative management of end-stage renal disease

Fliss Murtagh and Neil Sheerin

in Supportive Care for the Renal Patient

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199560035
eISBN:
9780191730139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560035.003.0015
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

It is known that kidney failure always leads to death. Patients with renal disease can use dialysis treatment, which helps sustain the life of these patients. This chapter discusses the patients who ... More


End-stage renal disease in the older person

Lina Johansoon and Edwina A Brown

in Supportive Care for the Renal Patient

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199560035
eISBN:
9780191730139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560035.003.0016
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses old people who have ESRD. It defines the term ‘old’ as a person who has lived a long time and is no longer young. The chapter states that before the 1970s, dialysis treatment ... More


Advance care planning: an american view

Muriel R. Gillick

in Supportive care for the person with dementia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199554133
eISBN:
9780191730269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554133.003.0028
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Decisions about whether to authorize potentially life-prolonging treatments for patients with dementia are amongst the most difficult choices facing families today. Typically, adult children who very ... More


The principles and practice of supportive care in dementia

Julian C. Hughes, Mari Lloyd-Williams, and Greg A. Sachs

in Supportive care for the person with dementia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199554133
eISBN:
9780191730269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554133.003.0032
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the notion of supportive care in dementia. It explores the application of aggressive biomedical treatments as a component of supportive care, in the context of treatments ... More


Treatment and secondary prevention of venous thromboembolism in advanced cancer

Agnes Y.Y. Lee

in Venous Thromboembolism in Advanced Disease: A clinical guide

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199232048
eISBN:
9780191730337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232048.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the treatment and secondary prevention measures for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in advanced cancer. It evaluates the general approach to treating cancer patients with acute ... More


The pain clinic and palliative oncology

R.J. DUNLOP and J.M. HOCKLEY

in Hospital-based Palliative Care Teams: The Hospital/Hospice Interface

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629807
eISBN:
9780191730061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629807.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

There are three services that a palliative care team may be specifically involved with: the pain clinic, radiotherapy, and medical oncology. This chapter reviews the contribution of these services to ... More


Pain in Heart Failure Patients

Sue Wingate and Mary S. Wheeler

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the complex issues of pain and pain management in persons with heart failure (HF). Limited literature provides evidence in this area; thus, the content presented in this chapter ... More


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