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Treating Like Cases Alike

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

in Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In many legal systems, it would be wrong for judges to deviate in all suboptimal-result cases. Often they must choose between two cases in which deviation is equally warranted. This chapter defends ... More


The Global Economic Order and Global Justice

Gillian Brock

in Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230938
eISBN:
9780191710957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230938.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by arguing that the link between free trade and poverty reduction is not as straightforward as some believe. Though there is a role for trade liberalization, its pace, sequencing ... More


The Presumption in Favor of Equal Shares

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

A multitude of moral theories attempt to explain the concepts of equal consideration and equal treatment as they bear on the distribution of wealth, opportunity, and income. This chapter dwells on ... More


Locating Justice

Geoffrey Cupit

in Justice as Fittingness

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238621
eISBN:
9780191679698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238621.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Justice is a practical virtue concerned with how people should act. Those who avoid injustice in their dealings with others are esteemed, and are worthy of that esteem. A society which has just laws ... More


Justice and Desert

Geoffrey Cupit

in Justice as Fittingness

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238621
eISBN:
9780191679698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238621.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows that the language of desert provides an idiom in which to discuss substantive questions of justice. To accept justice as fittingness is to accept that to treat people justly ... More


Desert and Responsibility

Geoffrey Cupit

in Justice as Fittingness

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238621
eISBN:
9780191679698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238621.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores the relationship between desert and responsibility. It rejects the view that to be deserving one must be responsible for that which makes him/her deserving, and thus defends the ... More


Treatment versus Prevention in the Fight against HIV/AIDS and the Problem of Identified versus Statistical Lives

Johann Frick

in Identified versus Statistical Lives: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217471
eISBN:
9780190217488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217471.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

For years, debates about the best way to combat the AIDS pandemic have pitted proponents of scaling up antiretroviral treatment for people suffering from AIDS against those advocating for more ... More


From Biology to Policy: Ethical and Economic Issues in HIV Treatment-as-Prevention

Till Bärnighausen and Max Essex

in Identified versus Statistical Lives: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217471
eISBN:
9780190217488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217471.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

HIV antiretroviral treatment (ART) can prevent the onward transmission of HIV. This prevention potential of treatment raises several ethical and economic questions. How and how strongly should ... More


Equal Concern

T. M. Scanlon

in Why Does Inequality Matter?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198812692
eISBN:
9780191850509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812692.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Inequality can be objectionable because it results from an agent providing a higher level of a benefit to some people than to others to whom it owes the same obligation to provide this benefit. ... More


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