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  • Behavioral Neuroscience x
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Marijuana in the Brain

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The brain makes its own marijuana. Of course, no one knew this until recently. Thus, for many thousands of years our ancestors harvested or cultivated marijuana-producing plants in order to ... More


Neuroscience, education and educational efficacy research

Max Coltheart and Genevieve McArthur

in Neuroscience in Education: The good, the bad, and the ugly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600496
eISBN:
9780191739187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600496.003.0061
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

There exists a plethora of commercial products that are claimed to be of assistance for children with educational difficulties, especially ‘learning disabilities’. Typically, these products are ... More


Psychopharmacology of Human Aggression: Laboratory and Clinical Studies

Don R. Cherek, Oleg V. Tcheremissine, and Scott D. Lane

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter discusses the association between drugs and human aggression, laboratory studies of human aggression, and effects of drugs on human aggression under laboratory conditions. It argues that ... More


Clinicians, patients, and the brain

Robert Klitzman

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on where and how several key neuroethical issues converge and diverge in diagnosis and treatment. First, it examines the broad obstacles that exist to addressing neuroethical ... More


Treating Language Deficits in Broca’s Aphasia

Lewis P. Shapiro and Cynthia K. Thompson

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes a research program that investigated the treatment of sentence production and comprehension deficits found with individuals who have Broca's aphasia. The program sought to ... More


Rose-tinted? The use of coloured filters to treat reading difficulties

Robert D. McIntosh and Stuart J. Ritchie

in Neuroscience in Education: The good, the bad, and the ugly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600496
eISBN:
9780191739187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600496.003.0066
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the use of coloured filters to treat reading difficulties, and the theoretical and practical claims that underpin it. It reviews evidence for the efficacy of coloured filters, ... More


Electroconvulsive therapy for depression and autobiographical memory

Hedvig Söderlund, Alexander Percy, and Brian Levine

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is used to treat otherwise treatment-resistant depression. Despite clear mood-enhancing effects, it is associated with complaints of memory loss. This chapter outlines ... More


Temporal Lobe Epilepsy and the Hippocampus

Radwa A.B. Badawy and Graeme D. Jackson

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the commonest cause of temporal lobe epilepsy which accounts for 3–50% of all epilepsy syndromes. This chapter reviews the pathological substrate of HS and mesial ... More


Drugs and memory

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Increasing interest has focused recently on the possibility of pharmacological treatment for memory disorders. Drugs, of course, cannot be expected to replace degenerated neurones, but they might ... More


Implanted Neural Interfaces: Ethics in Treatment and Research

Leigh Hochberg and Thomas Cochrane

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Until recently, treatments for neurological and psychiatric impairment have been largely limited to drugs, rehabilitation therapy or psychotherapy. These treatments are often only modestly successful ... More


The Relevance of the Neuroscience of Addiction to Criminal Law

Douglas Husak and Emily Murphy

in A Primer on Criminal Law and Neuroscience: A contribution of the Law and Neuroscience Project, supported by the MacArthur Foundation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199859177
eISBN:
9780199332694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859177.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

We discuss how the complexities of conducting neuroscience research on addiction limit its application to the criminal law. Individual addicts vary enormously, and the general findings of ... More


The use of action observation treatment to restore motor function in patients with neurological disorders

Giovanni Buccino and Riccardo Dalla Volta

in New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199686155
eISBN:
9780191807589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686155.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

In this chapter, current literature on a novel rehabilitation approach known as action observation treatment is reviewed. During this treatment, patients are requested to carefully observe several ... More


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