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The Nature of Memory Causation

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the nature of memory causation. This involves identifying the vehicle of memory causation, specifying the strength of the causal relation constitutive of memory, and ruling out ... More


The Distressed Body: Rethinking Illness, Imprisonment, and Healing

Drew Leder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226396071
eISBN:
9780226396248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226396248.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This volume uses phenomenological and hermeneutical tools to look at “distressed bodies” – including the experiences and treatment of sick patients, prisoners, and animals. These groups are ... More


Justice and the Transfer of Body Parts

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the real and hypothetical responses to questions related to a handicapped or diseased persons' entitlement of parts of others' bodies in order to remove their disabilities or ... More


Spare Parts and Desperate Need

Anne Phillips

in Our Bodies, Whose Property?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150864
eISBN:
9781400846368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150864.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter moves on to markets in body tissues and parts, focusing on the trade in live kidneys. Given the risks to vendors, and the significant number of patients dying each year while waiting for ... More


Psychology and Personal Identity

Eric T. Olson

in The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134230
eISBN:
9780199833528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134230.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Most philosophers agree that some sort of psychological continuity is necessary or sufficient for us to persist – the Psychological Approach to personal identity. Some implications of this view are ... More


Why We Need not Accept the Psychological Approach

Eric T. Olson

in The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134230
eISBN:
9780199833528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134230.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Most arguments for the Psychological Approach are based on the conviction that anyone who got your psychological features would be you. The possibility of fission proves this conviction false. Those ... More


The Trolley Problem

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part I considered how to determine whether there is a moral difference between killing and letting die per se, but in the two chapters of Part II, the consideration is when it is and when it is not ... More


Commentary: Local and Global Contexts of the Praxis of Bioethics: ‘Transplant Tourism’ and ‘Altruistic’ Medicine

Yosuke Shimazono

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0065
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, Chin criticizes the global ban on ‘transplant tourism’ and argues that promotion of this practice could be reconciled with transplant medicine, which is presumably based on the value ... More


Externalism and Brain Transplants

Rory Madden

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603039
eISBN:
9780191725418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603039.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The animalist view of personal identity, according to which we human persons are identical to animals, is arguably the simplest view of the relationship between human persons and animals. But ... More


Justice in Transplant Organ Allocation

Rosamond Rhodes and Thomas D. Schiano

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0041
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the current national system for allocating transplant organs in the United States. Advancing science that has improved the success of organ transplantation also creates an ... More


Introduction

Drew Leder

in The Distressed Body: Rethinking Illness, Imprisonment, and Healing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226396071
eISBN:
9780226396248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226396248.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The book draws on literary examples such as Sophocles’ Philoctetes, the author’s own struggles with chronic pain, and clinical and philosophical sources, to understand the ways illness can shatter ... More


organ transplantation and health disparities: john q

jeffrey m. ring

in The Picture of Health: Medical Ethics and the Movies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199735365
eISBN:
9780190267520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199735365.003.0082
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter uses the film John Q (2002) to set the stage for a discussion of the issues of organ transplantation and the ethics of health disparities and economic health policy. The film tells the ... More


Markets in Kidneys

Samuel J. Kerstein

in How to Treat Persons

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199692033
eISBN:
9780191748813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692033.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter applies Kantian principles to the issue of the moral permissibility of “live donor” kidney transplantation—specifically cases in which, in exchange for money, someone undergoes a kidney ... More


Commentary: Presuming Minor Consent and Allowing Family Veto: Two Moral Concerns about Organ Procurement Policy *

Hitoshi Arima

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0056
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper focuses on two pragmatic questions policymakers confront when considering the implementation of a presumed consent policy for organ procurement: whether they should presume a minor’s ... More


Commentary: Organ Donation and Social Amelioration: A Two-Pronged Approach to Organ Trafficking

Leonardo D. de Castro and Peter A. Sy

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0057
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper explores a model for reciprocating the contribution of organ donors to a health care system characterized by inadequate resources and faced with the challenge of trying innovative ways of ... More


Commentary: The Paradigm of Living Related Donation: Stretched, Strained, and Abused?

Leonardo D. de Castro

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0062
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The paradigm of the family as the basic unit of society has been facing challenges, perhaps the most prominent of which have come in areas of biotechnology and health care. Those challenges are ... More


Brain Transplants, Animals, and Us

Paul F. Snowdon

in Persons, Animals, Ourselves

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719618
eISBN:
9780191788703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719618.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The preceding discussions have tried to show that there are no plausible examples of [A&~P] dissociations, and that most suggested categories of [P&~A] dissociations are also implausible. In both ... More


Strengthening the Rejection of Transplant Arguments

Paul F. Snowdon

in Persons, Animals, Ourselves

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719618
eISBN:
9780191788703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719618.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter asks whether there are further reasons for being doubtful about the judgement that the subject or person goes with the brain in brain transplant cases. Some have argued that a case can ... More


Personal Identity and Persisting as Many

Sara Weaver and John Turri

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Volume 2

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198815259
eISBN:
9780191853012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815259.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many philosophers hypothesize that our concept of personal identity is partly constituted by the one-person-one-place rule, which states that a person can only be in one place at a time. This ... More


Parental Decision-Making

Joseph Millum

in Moral Parenthood

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190695439
eISBN:
9780190695460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190695439.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers how parents should make decisions on their child’s behalf when the child’s interests are in conflict with the interests of other people. This includes such issues as the extent ... More


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