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EU Trade Policy: The Exclusive Versus Shared' Competence Debate

Sophie Meunier and Kalypso Nicolaïdis

in The State of the European Union: Risks, Reform, Resistance, and Revival

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297574
eISBN:
9780191598982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297572.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter argues that the policy equilibrium established by the Treaty is unlikely to be sustainable due to several challenges. These are the relaunching of multilateral trade negotiations under ... More


The United States and the GATT/WTO System

Gautam Sen

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

An examination is made of the relationship between the US and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and its successor, the World Trade Organization, addressing the crucial question of ... More


… and the Rest of the World: Americans and Others

Loukas Tsoukalis

in What Kind of Europe?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199279487
eISBN:
9780191602979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279489.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the relationships of the European Union with the United States and the rest of the world, focusing on trade policies, preferential trade agreements with various countries, and ... More


Liberalizing Europe: The Commission, the Court, and the Creation of a European Market

Mark A. Pollack

in The Engines of European Integration: Delegation, Agency, and Agenda Setting in the EU

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251179
eISBN:
9780191600111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251177.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The ability of supranational agents such as the European Commission and Court of Justice to influence policy outcomes in the European Union varies as a function of the control mechanisms established ... More


The Litigious State: U.S. Trade Policy

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the role of domestic political interests in the selection of U.S. cases for World Trade Organization (WTO) adjudication. It first considers how the United States has taken a ... More


The Reluctant Litigant: Japanese Trade Policy

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines Japanese trade policy to promote market access for exports. It considers how the delegation of authority to the bureaucracy influences the choice of trade strategies by Japan. ... More


Domestic Constraints and Active Enforcement

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the role of courts in the ability of democratic politicians to support international commitments. Taking a closer look at the domestic political origins of trade disputes is ... More


A Freer Hand to Promote Free Trade: Fast Track from Nixon to G. W. Bush

Jasmine Farrier

in Congressional Ambivalence: The Political Burdens of Constitutional Authority

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813192628
eISBN:
9780813135496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813192628.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the institutional developments surrounding the 30-year history of the fast-track trade implementation process that have a similarity to the BRAC commissions and tell an ... More


Reconciling Competition Laws and Trade Policies: A New Challenge to International Co-operation

G. BRUCE DOERN and STEPHEN WILKS

in Comparative Competition Policy: National Institutions in a Global Market

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280620
eISBN:
9780191684371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280620.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter discusses a recent study by the Canadian Bureau of Competition Policy that concludes that the new focus on environmental regulation and competition law reflects a broader trend involving ... More


The Gates of Trade: Autonomous Mainports

Alasdair Roberts

in The Logic of Discipline: Global Capitalism and the Architecture of Government

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195374988
eISBN:
9780199776849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374988.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on mainport reforms during the era of liberalization. Mounting anxiety about the capacity of mainports to meet the requirements of a globalized economy resulted in organizational ... More


Industrial Policy in the Middle East and North Africa: Rethinking the Role of the State

Ahmed Galal (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774160509
eISBN:
9781617970290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774160509.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Most governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region use trade policy to protect certain industries, provide tax incentives to promote a particular type of investment, and make ... More


Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Christina L. Davis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The World Trade Organization (WTO) oversees the negotiation and enforcement of formal rules governing international trade. Why do countries choose to adjudicate their trade disputes in the WTO rather ... More


The EU’s Foreign Economic Policies:Limits to Delegation

Andreas Dür

in Constructing a Policy-Making State?: Policy Dynamics in the EU

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199604104
eISBN:
9780191741531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604104.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The last two decades have seen a major expansion in the scope of the European Union’s foreign economic policies. Repeatedly, EU member states both formally and informally have delegated significant ... More


The Importance of the EU to Trade and Trade to the EU

Alasdair R. Young and John Peterson

in Parochial Global Europe: 21st Century Trade Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199579907
eISBN:
9780191778728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579907.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter introduces the volume’s argument and establishes the significance of its subject. In particular, it sets out how important the EU is in international trade and global trade governance ... More


International Trade Policy under George W. Bush

Nitsan Chorev

in Assessing the George W. Bush Presidency: A Tale of Two Terms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748627400
eISBN:
9780748671946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627400.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

George W. Bush came to office with an ambitious free trade agenda but without clear congressional support for it. Initially, the Bush administration engaged in a great flurry of activity, including ... More


Parochial Global Europe: 21st Century Trade Politics

Alasdair R. Young and John Peterson

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199579907
eISBN:
9780191778728
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579907.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Europe’s trade policies matter in global politics. Despite the recent focus on Brazil, India, and particularly China, the European Union remains the world’s largest market and trader. Despite its ... More


Introduction and historical overview: the establishment of environmental policy as a European policy domain

Christoph Knill and Duncan Liefferink

in Environmental Politics in the European Union: Policy-making, Implementation and Patterns of Multi-level Governance

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719075803
eISBN:
9781781701461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719075803.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter provides a historical overview of the establishment of environmental policy as a policy domain of the European Union (EU). The development in EU environmental policy can be traced in ... More


Assessing the George W. Bush Presidency: A Tale of Two Terms

Andrew Wroe and Jon Herbert (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748627400
eISBN:
9780748671946
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627400.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In one of the first volumes assessing the full two terms of the George W. Bush presidency, this book has gathered the work of leading American and European scholars. In fifteen chapters, authorities ... More


Some other interpretations

Susan Strange

in Casino Capitalism: with an introduction by Matthew Watson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992651
eISBN:
9781526104168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992651.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

If we look beyond the literature that deals specifically with money and finance, we find a much wider range of interpretations of the causes of our present troubles. To underline the point that ... More


Conclusions: 21st Century European Trade Politics

Alasdair R. Young and John Peterson

in Parochial Global Europe: 21st Century Trade Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199579907
eISBN:
9780191778728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579907.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Chapter 9 concludes by highlighting how variation in politics across trade policy instruments—trade policy sub-systems—produces distinctive policies. It reflects on the implications of this analysis ... More


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