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Barriers to Trade in Services 1

Panagiotis Delimatsis

in International Trade in Services and Domestic Regulations: Necessity, Transparency, and Regulatory Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533152
eISBN:
9780191714528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533152.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter reviews trade policy in services, which serves to introduce the reader not only to the peculiar role of domestic regulations in services trade, but also to the need to tackle the adverse ... More


Adjudication in the GATT/WTO: Making General Exceptions in Trade Law

Ingo Venzke

in How Interpretation Makes International Law: On Semantic Change and Normative Twists

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657674
eISBN:
9780191753114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657674.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter introduces international judicial institutions as weighty actors in international legal discourse. It shows how the practice of adjudication in international trade law has shaped the ... More


The Limited Case for Harmonization to Protect Competitiveness

Chris Noonan

in The Emerging Principles of International Competition Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199207527
eISBN:
9780191708817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207527.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Competition Law

This chapter examines the links between competition law, competitiveness, and trade policy. Section 4.1 assesses the meaning of the claim that harmonization may be justified to promote ‘fair trade’. ... More


Critical Analysis of the TPRM

Mathias Kende

in The Trade Policy Review Mechanism: A Critical Analysis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198817611
eISBN:
9780191859137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817611.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter covers the historical development of the WTO’s mechanism for peer review. It examines the conceptual development of peer review and distils typical core elements (objectives, structure, ... More


Robert Hudec and the Theory of International Economic Law: The Law of Global Space

David M Trubek and Patrick Cottrell

in Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195383614
eISBN:
9780199855445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383614.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter outlines some general principles about the role of law in the world economy, shows how Hudec anticipated them in his work on trade, and demonstrates how these principles can help us deal ... More


The Right to Food and Trade in Agriculture

Christine Breining-Kaufmann

in Human Rights and International Trade

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199285822
eISBN:
9780191700378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285822.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines possible options to reconcile the goals of human rights instruments providing a right to food, and in particular food security, with WTO agreements, in particular the AoA. It ... More


The Role of the EU in Shaping the Trade and Environment Regulatory Nexus: Multilateral and Regional Approaches

Gracia Marin Duran

in The EU's Role in Global Governance: The Legal Dimension

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199659654
eISBN:
9780191748189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659654.003.0015
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

The EU appears determined to actively use its trade agreements with other countries or regions to advance its trade and environment agenda. This chapter asks: does ‘mutual supportiveness’ between ... More


The ‘Human Rights Approach’ Advocated by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and by the International Labour Organization: Is It Relevant for WTO Law and Policy?

Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann

in Reforming the World Trading System: Legitimacy, Efficiency, and Democratic Governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282623
eISBN:
9780191700224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282623.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter claims that the contemporary worldwide recognition of human rights requires taking the ‘external challenges’ to the legitimacy and efficiency of World Trade Organization (WTO) rules and ... More


Parliamentary Oversight of WTO Rule-Making: The Political, Normative, and Practical Contexts

Gregory Shaffer

in Reforming the World Trading System: Legitimacy, Efficiency, and Democratic Governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282623
eISBN:
9780191700224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282623.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explains that, since the US Congress strongly influences US trade policy, US Congressmen focus on the national level of parliamentary authorization, control, and implementation of World ... More


Lessons from the Dispute over the Massachusetts Act Regulating State Contracts with Companies doing Business with Burma (Myanmar)

M. SCHAEFER

in Transatlantic Economic Disputes: The EU, the US, and the WTO

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199261727
eISBN:
9780191698774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261727.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The recent dispute between the United States and the European Union involves a Massachusetts procurement statute that, in essence, imposed a 10 per cent negative preference against companies active ... More


Introduction

Mathias Kende

in The Trade Policy Review Mechanism: A Critical Analysis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198817611
eISBN:
9780191859137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817611.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The Introduction contains an executive summary of the book. It also encompasses some background highlighting the rationale for the book, detailing the still persistent lack of comprehensive academic ... More


A Parliamentary Dimension to the WTO: More than Just a Vision?

Erika Mann

in Reforming the World Trading System: Legitimacy, Efficiency, and Democratic Governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282623
eISBN:
9780191700224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282623.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explains the different views in the US Congress and the European Parliament regarding parliamentary oversight of rule-making in the World Trade Organization (WTO). It draws attention to ... More


Managing US—EU Trade Relations through Mutual Recognition and Safe Harbor Agreements: ‘New’ and ‘Global’ Approaches to Transatlantic Economic Governance?

GREGORY SHAFFER

in Transatlantic Economic Disputes: The EU, the US, and the WTO

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199261727
eISBN:
9780191698774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261727.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter provides an overview of how the tension between the goals of domestic regulatory protection and liberalized trade have been addressed by the US and EC through transatlantic mutual ... More


Managing System Friction: Regulatory Conflicts in Transatlantic Relations and the WTO

MARK A. POLLACK

in Transatlantic Economic Disputes: The EU, the US, and the WTO

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199261727
eISBN:
9780191698774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261727.003.0027
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter reviews some of the policy implications of the findings with regard to the adoption of future multilateral, bilateral, and domestic reforms. First, it discusses the particular challenges ... More


Access to Raw Materials: The EU’s Pursuit of Trade Disciplines on Export Control

Chien-Huei Wu

in The EU's Role in Global Governance: The Legal Dimension

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199659654
eISBN:
9780191748189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659654.003.0012
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores the EU's contribution to new trade rules pertaining to export restrictions with a view to securing its access to raw materials. It examines both the EU's position within the ... More


International Competition Policy Co-operation

K. MEHTA

in Transatlantic Economic Disputes: The EU, the US, and the WTO

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199261727
eISBN:
9780191698774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261727.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter begins with an outline of the framework of competition laws in the EU and the US. It then describes the judicial developments that have confirmed in particular the extra-territorial ... More


Institutional Aspects of Global Trade Governance from an EU Perspective

Frank Hoffmeister

in The EU's Role in Global Governance: The Legal Dimension

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199659654
eISBN:
9780191748189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659654.003.0010
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores the institutional aspects of global trade governance. The first section examines how decision-making functions in the WTO, and how WTO-related decisions are taken within EU. The ... More


How Can Parliamentary Participation in WTO Rule-Making and Democratic Control be Made More Effective? The European Context

Meinhard Hilf

in Reforming the World Trading System: Legitimacy, Efficiency, and Democratic Governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282623
eISBN:
9780191700224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282623.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter offers a European perspective on how to make parliamentary participation in World Trade Organization (WTO) rule-making and democratic control more effective in the WTO. It criticizes the ... More


A New Generation of Trade Agreements: An Opportunity Not to Be Missed?

Verena Madner

in Mega-Regional Trade Agreements: CETA, TTIP, and TiSA: New Orientations for EU External Economic Relations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198808893
eISBN:
9780191846625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808893.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This short contribution addresses the controversy over CETA, TTIP, and TiSA against the backdrop of the EU’s new trade strategy ‘Trade for All’. It takes a general look at how the controversy over ... More


The Trade Policy Review Mechanism: A Critical Analysis

Mathias Kende

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198817611
eISBN:
9780191859137
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817611.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book is the first academic monograph to provide a critical analysis of the WTO’s Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM). In order to do so, it first looks at the TPRM’s historical development into ... More


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